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Tags: Genetics

Resources (1-20 of 205)

  1. "We Always Hurt the Things We Love"—Unnoticed Abuse of Companion Animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bernard E. Rollin

    Despite the fact that companion animals enjoy the status of “members of the family” in contemporary society, there are numerous diseases affecting the longevity of these animals and their quality of life. Some of the most pervasive and damaging problems accrue to pedigreed animals...

  2. 'Bamboo spine' in a migration period horse from Hungary

    | Contributor(s):: Bartosiewicz, Laszlo

  3. 'Bling with bite' - the rise of status and weapon dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Harding, S.

  4. A behaviour test on German Shepherd dogs: heritability of seven different traits

    | Contributor(s):: Ruefenacht, S., Gebhardt-Henrich, S., Miyake, T., Gaillard, C.

    In this study, genetic and non-genetic effects on behavioural traits were estimated, based on records of the field behaviour test of the Swiss German Shepherd Dog breeding club. This standardized test has been applied since 1949 and comprised the following seven traits: self-confidence, nerve...

  5. A mouse is not just a mouse

    | Contributor(s):: Sluyter, F., Oortmerssen, G. A. van

    In this review, we describe the existence and consequences of subspecific and individual variation in the genetic make-up of house mice. The purpose is to illustrate forms of variation that are often neglected in discussions about animal care and experimental design. Different inbred mouse...

  6. A review of some factors affecting the expression of libido in beef cattle, and individual bull and herd fertility

    | Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C.

    This paper examines some of the factors that affect the expression of libido in beef cattle, focusing on the male and the free-ranging situation. The ways in which bull libido is assessed and the relationship between libido test results and fertility are discussed. Genetics play a role in...

  7. Adenoviral Gene Transfer of Gremlin Modulates Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor-A-Induced Angiogenesis in Porcine Myocardium

    | Contributor(s):: Pajula, J. J., Halonen, P. J., Hätinen, O. P., Ylä-Herttuala, S., Nurro, J.

  8. Aggressiveness, ADHD-like behaviour, and environment influence repetitive behaviour in dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Sulkama, S., Salonen, M., Mikkola, S., Hakanen, E., Puurunen, J., Araujo, C., Lohi, H.

  9. All a mother's fault? Transmission of stereotypy in striped mice Rhabdomys

    | Contributor(s):: Jones, M., Lierop, M. van, Pillay, N.

    Environmentally induced stereotypy is the most common abnormal behaviour in captive animals. However, not all animals housed in identically impoverished environments develop stereotypy, possibly because of differences in genetic predisposition. To investigate the transmission of stereotypy in...

  10. An approach to canine behavioural genetics employing guide dogs for the blind

    | Contributor(s):: Takeuchi, Y., Hashizume, C., Arata, S., Inoue-Murayama, M., Maki, T., Hart, B. L., Mori, Y.

    The purpose of this study was to attempt to find related variables of the canine genome with behavioural traits of dogs maintained and tested in a guide dog facility which provided a relatively uniform environment. The study involved 81 Labrador Retrievers that were being trained as guide dogs....

  11. An ethicist's commentary on the case of a breeder perpetuating a line of dogs having seizures

    | Contributor(s):: Rollin, B. E.

  12. An ethicist's commentary on the cloning the horse case

    | Contributor(s):: Rollin, B. E.

  13. Analysis of Genetic Diversity in the Czech Spotted Dog

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Karolína Machová, Anita Kranjˇceviˇcová, Luboš Vostrý, Emil Krupa

    Loss off genetic diversity negatively affects most of the modern dog breeds. However, no breed created strictly for laboratory purposes has been analyzed so far. In this paper, we sought to explore by pedigree analysis exactly such a breed—the Czech Spotted Dog (CSD). The pedigree...

  14. Animal trait ontology: the importance and usefulness of a unified trait vocabulary for animal species

    | Contributor(s):: Hughes, L. M., Bao, J., Hu, Z. L., Honavar, V., Reecy, J. M.

    Ontologies help to identify and formally define the entities and relationships in specific domains of interest. Bio-ontologies, in particular, play a central role in the annotation, integration, analysis, and interpretation of biological data. Missing from the number of bio-ontologies is one that...

  15. Antiphospholipid syndrome: complement activation, complement gene mutations and therapeutic implications

    | Contributor(s):: Chaturvedi, S., Braunstein, E. M., Brodsky, R. A.

  16. Are farmed salmon more prone to risk than wild salmon? Susceptibility of juvenile farm, hybrid and wild Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. to an artificial predator

    | Contributor(s):: Solberg, M. F., Zhang, ZhiWei, Glover, K. A.

    Offspring of farmed Atlantic salmon have been documented to display lower survival than the offspring of wild salmon in the wild. It has been suggested that reduced survival of farmed salmon offspring in the wild could, in part, be explained by increased susceptibility to predation through...

  17. Aspects of juvenile and adolescent environment predict aggression and fear in 12-month-old guide dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Serpell, J. A., Duffy, D. L.

    Maturational changes in behavior, and the possible influence of the puppy-raising environment on behavioral development, were investigated in a total sample of 978 prospective guide dogs belonging to four different breeds/crosses. All dogs belonged to the same guide dog organization, and had...

  18. Assurance schemes as a tool to tackle genetic welfare problems in farm animals: broilers

    | Contributor(s):: Cooper, M. D., Wrathall, J. H. M.

    Farm assurance schemes can set standards to assure compliance with specific requirements relating to animal welfare. As such, standards can be set to address genetic-related welfare problems in farm animals, such as those associated with fast growth rates in meat chickens (broilers) (Gallus...

  19. Attitudes of livestock keepers to breeding strategies - Threats and opportunities for on-farm conservation of the Borana cattle breed

    | Contributor(s):: Kerstin K. Zander

    Environmental and market pressures strongly affect cattle breeding in East Africa. While optimising breeding with diverse genetic material can improve income from cattle production, it can also lead to a loss and depletion of valuable animal genetic resources. This study assesses...

  20. Attitudes on Animal Research Predict Acceptance of Genetic Modification Technologies by University Undergraduates

    | Contributor(s):: Gabriel, K. I., Rutledge, B. H., Barkley, C. L.