The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Behaviour epigenetics - the connection between environment, stress and welfare
Contributor(s):: Jensen, P.
Epigenetics refers to chemical modifications of DNA, which do not change the base-pair sequence. This involves, for example, methylation of cytosine and different alterations in histone chemistry. Such modifications affect how genes are expressed and can occur as a response to stress, mediated by...
Critical care and survival of fragile animals: the case of Prrxl1 knockout mice
Contributor(s):: Monteiro, C., Dourado, M., Matos, M., Duarte, I., Lamas, S., Galhardo, V., Lima, D.
The generation of genetically modified animal models in which a given gene is permanently deleted or overexpressed, sometimes results in fragile phenotypes characterized by high morbidity and premature death. This undesired outcome creates important welfare difficulties and poses a huge...
Dairy calves' adaptation to group housing with automated feeders
Contributor(s):: Fujiwara, M., Rushen, J., Passille, A. M. de
Group housing of dairy calves with automated milk feeders has likely welfare and labour saving advantages but delays in the calves adapting to the feeding system may reduce these advantages. We examined factors that influence calves' adaptation to the feeders. In Exp. 1, 77 Holstein calves were...
Nutrition for working and service dogs
Contributor(s):: Wakshlag, J., Shmalberg, J.
Conformation, genetics, and behavioral drive are the major determinants of success in canine athletes, although controllable variables, such as training and nutrition, play an important role. The scope and breadth of canine athletic events has expanded dramatically in the past 30 years, but with...
Purebred dogs and canine wellbeing
Contributor(s):: Jeppsson, S.
Breeders of purebred dogs usually have several goals they want to accomplish, of which canine wellbeing is one. The purpose of this article is to investigate what we ought to do given this goal. Breeders typically think that they fulfil their wellbeing-related duties by doing the best they can...
Reliability and validity of a questionnaire survey in canine anxiety research
Contributor(s):: Tiira, K., Lohi, H.
Canine behavior can be assessed through behavioral testing or questionnaire surveys. Behavioral tests, often observed by independent experts, can provide objective data, but capture only a short behavioral sequence in a defined situation and are practical only for small study cohorts....
The role of genes, epigenetics and ontogeny in behavioural development
Contributor(s):: Rodenburg, T. B.
This review focuses on the role of genes, epigenetics and ontogeny in behavioural development of animals. The behavioural characteristics of an individual are determined by its genes and by its physical and social environment. Not only the individual's early life and current environment are of...
Welfare of farmed musk deer: changes in the biological characteristics of musk deer in farming environments
Contributor(s):: He, Lan, Li, LinHai, Wang, WenXia, Liu, Gang, Liu, ShuQiang, Liu, WenHua, Hu, DeFu
Musk deer are an important economic wildlife resource, and long-term over-use has resulted in a sharp population decrease in the wild. Farming of musk deer is important to prevent the shrinking wild population from being hunted for their musk. Musk deer farming has a history of more than 60 years...
Interrogation of modern and ancient genomes reveals the complex domestic history of cattle
Contributor(s):: David A. Magee, David E. MacHugh, Ceiridwen J. Edwards
The development of agriculture at the advent of the Neolithic period, circa 13,000 years before present (YBP), is considered to be the most important cultural innovation in human history. Before this, anatomically modern humans had successfully managed to occupy most habitable and accessible...
The domestication of the dog: An unrivalled alliance
Contributor(s):: Giffroy, J. M.
Encounters on the frontier: Banteng in Australia's Northern Territory
Contributor(s):: deKoninck, V.
This paper considers the case of an introduced species that resides in what is now a jointly managed national park in the north of tropical Australia. Banteng ( Bos javanicus) are a peculiar feral nonhuman animal in that they constitute a potential environmental threat within the domestic...
Relationships between young stallions' temperament and their behavioral reactions during standardized veterinary examinations
Contributor(s):: Peeters, M., Verwilghen, D., Serteyn, D., Vandenheede, M.
Horse handling and veterinary examination can induce hazardous stress reactions. Such reactions occur especially in young and less-trained horses, particularly stallions, and make their handling a risk for breeders, grooms, and medical staff. Moreover, these stressful situations will affect the...
'Bling with bite' - the rise of status and weapon dogs
Contributor(s):: Harding, S.
Genetic and environmental influences on individual differences in frequency of play with pets among middle-aged men: a behavioral genetic analysis
Contributor(s):: Jacobson, K. C., Hoffman, C. L., Vasilopoulos, T., Kremen, W. S., Panizzon, M. S., Grant, M. D., Lyons, M. J., Xian, H., Franz, C. E.
Genetic differences for behaviour in juveniles from two strains of brown trout suggest an effect of domestication history
Contributor(s):: Benhaim, D., Guyomard, R., Chatain, B., Quillet, E., Begout, M. L.
Icelandic horses with the Silver coat colour show altered behaviour in a fear reaction test
Contributor(s):: Brunberg, E., Gille, S., Mikko, S., Lindgren, G., Keeling, L. J.
Influence of gentle touching applied few weeks before slaughter on avoidance distance and slaughter stress in finishing cattle
Contributor(s):: Probst, J. K., Hillmann, E., Leiber, F., Kreuzer, M., Neff, A. S.
Public attitudes toward the use of animals in research: effects of invasiveness, genetic modification and regulation
Contributor(s):: Ormandy, E. H., Schuppli, C. A., Weary, D. M.
The use of quantitative risk assessment to assess lifetime welfare outcomes for breech strike and mulesing management options in Merino sheep
Contributor(s):: Fisher, A. D., Giraudo, A., Martin, P. A. J., Paton, M. W.
The truth about cats and dogs: Are there genetic influences on pet ownership
Contributor(s):: Spotts, Erica L., Lichtenstein, Paul, Neiderhiser, Jenae M.