Genetically modified laboratory animals - what welfare problems do they face?
Contributor(s):: Buehr, M., Hjorth, P. J., Hansen, A. K., Sandoe, P.
In this article, we respond to public concern expressed about the welfare of genetically modified (GM) non-human animals. As a contribution to the debate on this subject, we attempt in this article to determine in what situations the practice of genetic modification in rodents may generate...
Measuring emotions toward wildlife: A review of generic methods and instruments
Contributor(s):: Jacobs, Maarten H., Fehres, Piera, Campbell, Michael
Researchers are recognizing the importance of studying emotions for understanding human–wildlife interactions. This article reviews generic methods and instruments for assessing emotions, as developed within the affective sciences. Four broad categories of emotion measures can be distinguished:...
Dairy calves' adaptation to group housing with automated feeders
Contributor(s):: Fujiwara, M., Rushen, J., Passille, A. M. de
Group housing of dairy calves with automated milk feeders has likely welfare and labour saving advantages but delays in the calves adapting to the feeding system may reduce these advantages. We examined factors that influence calves' adaptation to the feeders. In Exp. 1, 77 Holstein calves were...
Nutrition for working and service dogs
Contributor(s):: Wakshlag, J., Shmalberg, J.
Conformation, genetics, and behavioral drive are the major determinants of success in canine athletes, although controllable variables, such as training and nutrition, play an important role. The scope and breadth of canine athletic events has expanded dramatically in the past 30 years, but with...
Purebred dogs and canine wellbeing
| Contributor(s):: Jeppsson, S.
Breeders of purebred dogs usually have several goals they want to accomplish, of which canine wellbeing is one. The purpose of this article is to investigate what we ought to do given this goal. Breeders typically think that they fulfil their wellbeing-related duties by doing the best they can...
Interrogation of modern and ancient genomes reveals the complex domestic history of cattle
| Contributor(s):: David A. Magee, David E. MacHugh, Ceiridwen J. Edwards
The development of agriculture at the advent of the Neolithic period, circa 13,000 years before present (YBP), is considered to be the most important cultural innovation in human history. Before this, anatomically modern humans had successfully managed to occupy most habitable and accessible...
The domestication of the dog: An unrivalled alliance
| Contributor(s):: Giffroy, J. M.
Encounters on the frontier: Banteng in Australia's Northern Territory
| Contributor(s):: deKoninck, V.
This paper considers the case of an introduced species that resides in what is now a jointly managed national park in the north of tropical Australia. Banteng ( Bos javanicus) are a peculiar feral nonhuman animal in that they constitute a potential environmental threat within the domestic...
Relationships between young stallions' temperament and their behavioral reactions during standardized veterinary examinations
| Contributor(s):: Peeters, M., Verwilghen, D., Serteyn, D., Vandenheede, M.
Horse handling and veterinary examination can induce hazardous stress reactions. Such reactions occur especially in young and less-trained horses, particularly stallions, and make their handling a risk for breeders, grooms, and medical staff. Moreover, these stressful situations will affect the...
'Bling with bite' - the rise of status and weapon dogs
| Contributor(s):: Harding, S.
Genetic and environmental influences on individual differences in frequency of play with pets among middle-aged men: a behavioral genetic analysis
| Contributor(s):: Jacobson, K. C., Hoffman, C. L., Vasilopoulos, T., Kremen, W. S., Panizzon, M. S., Grant, M. D., Lyons, M. J., Xian, H., Franz, C. E.
There is growing evidence that pet ownership and human–animal interaction (HAI) have benefits for human physical and psychological well-being. However, there may be pre-existing characteristics related to patterns of pet ownership and interactions with pets that could potentially bias...
Public attitudes toward the use of animals in research: effects of invasiveness, genetic modification and regulation
| Contributor(s):: Ormandy, E. H., Schuppli, C. A., Weary, D. M.
The use of quantitative risk assessment to assess lifetime welfare outcomes for breech strike and mulesing management options in Merino sheep
| Contributor(s):: Fisher, A. D., Giraudo, A., Martin, P. A. J., Paton, M. W.
The truth about cats and dogs: Are there genetic influences on pet ownership
| Contributor(s):: Spotts, Erica L., Lichtenstein, Paul, Neiderhiser, Jenae M.
Canine olfactory genetics
| Contributor(s):: Quignon, P., Robin, S., Galibert, F.
Genetic diversity of canine olfactory receptors
| Contributor(s):: Robin, S., Tacher, S., Rimbault, M., Vaysse, A., Dreano, S., Andre, C., Hitte, C., Galibert, F.
Organization and expression of canine olfactory receptor genes
| Contributor(s):: Issel-Tarver, L., Rine, J.
Four members of the canine olfactory receptor gene family were characterized. The predicted proteins shared 40-64% identity with previously identified olfactory receptors. The four subfamilies identified in Southern hybridization experiments had as few as 2 and as many as 20 members. All four...
A candidate gene association study of cryptorchidism and scrotal hernia using canine and porcine models
| Contributor(s):: Xia Zhao, Max Rothschild (adviser)
Cryptorchidism and scrotal hernia, both being sex-limited complex defects, are the most common congenital defects observed in humans, dogs and pigs. It is believed that these two defects are controlled by multiple genes as well as affected by environmental factors. In this thesis, 22 or 14...
Attitudes on Animal Research Predict Acceptance of Genetic Modification Technologies by University Undergraduates
| Contributor(s):: Gabriel, K. I., Rutledge, B. H., Barkley, C. L.
Breeding for better welfare: genetic goals for broiler chickens and their parents
| Contributor(s):: Dawkins, M. S., Layton, R.