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  1. Genetically modified laboratory animals - what welfare problems do they face?

    Contributor(s):: Buehr, M., Hjorth, P. J., Hansen, A. K., Sandoe, P.

    In this article, we respond to public concern expressed about the welfare of genetically modified (GM) non-human animals. As a contribution to the debate on this subject, we attempt in this article to determine in what situations the practice of genetic modification in rodents may generate...

  2. Genetics and animal domestication: new windows on an elusive process

    Contributor(s):: Dobney, K., Larson, G.

    Domesticated animals are universally familiar. How, when, where and why they became domesticated is less well understood. The genetic revolution of the past few decades has facilitated novel insights into a field that previously was principally the domain of archaeozoologists. Although some of...

  3. Genetics and genomics of animal behaviour and welfare - challenges and possibilities. (Special Issue: Farm animal welfare since the Brambell report.)

    Contributor(s):: Jensen, P., Buitenhuis, B., Kjaer, J., Zanella, A., Mormede, P., Pizzari, T.

    Traditionally, the contribution of applied ethology to animal welfare science has concentrated on understanding the reactions of animals to their housing conditions. Domestication has had small effects on fundamental aspects of animal behaviour, and therefore, the needs of present day...

  4. Genetics and the development of social behavior in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Scott, J. P.

    The puppies used in the experiments lived with their litter-mates from birth until 1 yr. of age, first in large nursery rooms and later in spacious outdoor runs. Behavioural tests were given to animals of 5 different breeds: Basenji, Beagle, Cocker Spaniel, Shetland Sheep Dog, and Wire-haired Fox...

  5. Genetics of behavioural reactivity in sheep: a strategy for combining animal welfare and efficiency of production

    Contributor(s):: Boissy, A., Ligout, S., Foulquie, D., Gautier, A., Moreno, C., Delval, E., Francois, D., Bouix, J.

    Modern farm practices, such as reduced contact of livestock with humans and increased size of the herd, induce a decrease of animal familiarisation to farmers so that they are more susceptible to be stressed by routine management procedures. In addition, due to the less support by humans, the...

  6. Genotype rather than non-genetic behavioural transmission determines the temperament of Merino lambs

    Contributor(s):: Bickell, S., Poindron, P., Nowak, R., Chadwick, A., Ferguson, D., Blache, D.

    Merino ewes have been selected, over 18 generations, for calm (C) or nervous (N) temperament using an arena test and an isolation box test. We investigated the relative contributions of genotype versus the post-partum behaviour of the dam on the temperament of the lambs using a cross-fostering...

  7. Gloria J Cestero-Hurd

    https://habricentral.org/members/1341

  8. Harnessing Heredity In Gilded Age America: Middle Class Mores And Industrial Breeding In A Cultural Context

    Contributor(s):: Thurtle, Phillip

  9. Heterogeneity and phylogenetic relationships of community-associated methicillin-sensitive/resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates in healthy dogs, cats and their owners

    Contributor(s):: Wan, M. T., Fu, S. Y., Lo, Y. P., Huang, T. M., Cheng, M. M., Chou, C. C.

    Aims: To investigate the distribution of staphylococcal enterotoxin genes (se) and the molecular features of community-associated methicillin-sensitive/resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MSSA/MRSA) isolates in the nostrils of healthy pets and their owners. Methods and Results: A total of 114...

  10. Hippotherapy Capstone

    Contributor(s):: Autumn O'Hara

    Therapists work with many children with many different diagnoses. One of the most prevalent diagnosis is Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). According to recent statistics, available from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 1 in 68 children are diagnosed with ASD; which is a...

  11. Historical development of horse breeds

    Contributor(s):: Tuncer, S. S., Kozat, S.

    This study was conducted to examine the historical development process of modern horse breeds. Horses are among the few species that have managed to become domesticated on earth. The domestication of horses took place after dogs, goats, sheep, pigs, reindeer and poultry. It is accepted that the...

  12. Homozygosity for Mobile Element Insertions Associated with WBSCR17 Could Predict Success in Assistance Dog Training Programs

    Contributor(s):: Tandon, D., Ressler, K., Petticord, D., Papa, A., Jiranek, J., Wilkinson, R., Kartzinel, R. Y., Ostrander, E. A., Burney, N., Borden, C., Udell, M. A. R., VonHoldt, B. M.

  13. HorsePlay Therapy Center

    Full-text: Available

    HorsePlay Therapy Center is a not-for-profit therapy organization, located in the heart of St. Augustine, FL, that specializes in serving children with special needs and veterans with PTSD and other life-altering injuries. Our facility is based on the leading national medical therapy model...

  14. Human perceptions of coat color as an indicator of domestic cat personality

    | Contributor(s):: Delgado, M. M., Munera, J. D., Reevy, G. M.

    Associations between mammalian coat color and behavior have been investigated in a number of species, most notably the study of silver foxes by the Institute of Cytology and Genetics at the Russian Academy of Sciences. However, the few studies conducted regarding a potential relation between...

  15. Human-nonhuman chimeras: A regulatory proposal on the blurring of species lines

    | Contributor(s):: Nicole E. Kopinski

    The chimera of modern biotechnology is defined broadly as a single organism composed of a mixture of materials from two or more organisms possessing distinct genetic backgrounds. Unlike the United States, which does not regulate chimeras directly, Canada has responded to the unregulated pursuit...

  16. Human‚Äźdirected social behaviour in dogs shows significant heritability

    | Contributor(s):: Persson, M. E., Roth, L. S. V., Johnsson, M., Wright, D., Jensen, P.

  17. Icelandic horses with the Silver coat colour show altered behaviour in a fear reaction test

    | Contributor(s):: Brunberg, Emma, Gille, Sanna, Mikko, Sofia, Lindgren, Gabriella, Keeling, Linda J.

    The colour of a horse's coat has long been discussed to reflect its temperament. One opinion is that Silver coloured horses are nervous, difficult to handle and react more strongly to different fear stimuli. The objective with the present study was to investigate if mutations associated with the...

  18. Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.

    Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...

  19. Increased reproductive output in stereotypic captive Rhabdomys females: potential implications for captive breeding

    | Contributor(s):: Jones, M. A., Lierop, M. van, Mason, G., Pillay, N.

    Captive animal populations can diverge considerably from populations in the wild, despite the animals not being deliberately domesticated. If the phenotypes which are of benefit in captivity are heritable, the genotypes of captive-stock can diverge swiftly and substantially from wild-stock. Using...

  20. Indication of a genetic basis of stereotypies in laboratory-bred bank voles ( Clethrionomys glareolus )

    | Contributor(s):: Schoenecker, B., Heller, K. E.

    The development of stereotypies was studied in 2 successive laboratory-bred generations of bank voles representing F1 (n=248) and F2 (n=270) of an originally wild caught stock. It was shown that the propensity to develop stereotypies under barren housing conditions strongly relates to the same...