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  1. Horse Paleogenomes and Human-Animal Interactions in Prehistory

    Contributor(s):: Perry, G. H., Makarewicz, C. A.

    A new analysis of paleogenomic data from 278 ancient horses (Fages et al. Cellhttp://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2019.03.049) finds that this animal - crucially important to many ancient and contemporary human societies for subsistence, transportation, conflict, and more - was domesticated in at least...

  2. Genetic engineering and the integrity of animals

    Contributor(s):: Vries, R. de

    Genetic engineering evokes a number of objections that are not directed at the negative effects the technique might have on the health and welfare of the modified animals. The concept of animal integrity is often invoked to articulate these kind of objections. Moreover, in reaction to the advent...

  3. Molecular characterization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains from pet animals and their relationship to human isolates

    Contributor(s):: Strommenger, B., Kehrenberg, C., Kettlitz, C., Cuny, C., Verspohl, J., Witte, W., Schwarz, S.

    Objectives: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates from pet animals were characterized and compared with human isolates from clonal complexes most prevalent in Central Europe. Methods: S. aureus isolates were investigated for their in vitro susceptibility to antimicrobial...

  4. The social environment and the epigenome

    Contributor(s):: Szyf, Moshe, McGowan, Patrick O., Turecki, Gustavo, Meaney, Michael J.

  5. Investigations on genetic disease resistance in swine - a contribution to the reduction of pain, suffering and damage in farm animals. (Special Issue: Animal suffering and welfare.)

    Contributor(s):: Reiner, G.

    This review deals with genetic disease resistance in pigs as a prospective opportunity to reduce pain, suffering and damage in swine production. Even under favourable terms of housing and management, infectious diseases are wide-spread, and have to be ranked among the major sources for suffering...

  6. Domestication - from behaviour to genes and back again

    Contributor(s):: Jensen, P.

    During domestication, animals have adapted with respect to behaviour and an array of other traits. This tends to give rise to a specific domestication phenotype, involving similar changes in colour, size, physiology and behaviour among different species. Hence, domestication offers a model for...

  7. An approach to canine behavioural genetics employing guide dogs for the blind

    Contributor(s):: Takeuchi, Y., Hashizume, C., Arata, S., Inoue-Murayama, M., Maki, T., Hart, B. L., Mori, Y.

    The purpose of this study was to attempt to find related variables of the canine genome with behavioural traits of dogs maintained and tested in a guide dog facility which provided a relatively uniform environment. The study involved 81 Labrador Retrievers that were being trained as guide dogs....

  8. Animal trait ontology: the importance and usefulness of a unified trait vocabulary for animal species

    Contributor(s):: Hughes, L. M., Bao, J., Hu, Z. L., Honavar, V., Reecy, J. M.

    Ontologies help to identify and formally define the entities and relationships in specific domains of interest. Bio-ontologies, in particular, play a central role in the annotation, integration, analysis, and interpretation of biological data. Missing from the number of bio-ontologies is one that...

  9. Science and society in dialogue about marker assisted selection

    Contributor(s):: Benard, M., Vriend, H. de, Haperen, P. van, Beekman, V.

    Analysis of a European Union funded biotechnology project on plant genomics and marker assisted selection in Solanaceous crops shows that the organization of a dialogue between science and society to accompany technological innovations in plant breeding faces practical challenges. Semi-structured...

  10. Uncertainties of nutrigenomics and their ethical meaning

    Contributor(s):: Korthals, M., Komduur, R.

    Again and again utopian hopes are connected with the life sciences (no hunger, health for everyone; life without diseases, longevity), but simultaneously serious research shows uncertain, incoherent, and ambivalent results. It is unrealistic to expect that these uncertainties will disappear. We...

  11. Ethical decisions concerning animal biotechnology: what is the role of animal welfare science?

    Contributor(s):: Olsson, I. A. S., Sandoe, P.

    Scientists recently attracted considerable public attention when they presented a featherless chicken tailored for production in hot climates. Although this chicken was actually the result of traditional breeding, it is an example of what might be achieved if targeted gene manipulation techniques...