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  1. [Cemeteries and crematoriums for animals? Social and emotional aspects of the changed human-animal relationship and the resulting needs and risks]

    Contributor(s):: Ratsch, H.

  2. A review of historically significant publications from German speaking countries concerning the behaviour of domestic farm animals

    Contributor(s):: Sambraus, H. H.

    German language publications up to and including 1958 which concerned the behaviour of domestic farm animals are reviewed. The subjects covered include behaviour of cows on different grazing systems, and eating habits in cattle.

  3. ETHOSYS (R) - new system for recording and analysis of behaviour of free-ranging domestic animals and wildlife

    Contributor(s):: Scheibe, K. M., Schleusner, T., Berger, A., Eichhorn, K., Langbein, J., Zotto, L. dal, Streich, W. J.

    A storage telemetry system has been developed to monitor domestic animals and wildlife. It can be used for automatic recording of different patterns of behaviour, such as activity and feeding, and is based on advanced analysis of sensor-emitted signals. The system is made up of collars with...

  4. Exploration as an indicator of good welfare in beef bulls: an attempt to develop a test for on-farm assessment

    Contributor(s):: Westerath, H. S., Laister, S., Winckler, C., Knierim, U.

    Exploration appears to be carried out for its own purpose due to being self-rewarding. Furthermore, it increases environmental certainty with the effect of increased predictability and control of the environment. We, therefore, supposed that exploratory behaviour is associated with positive...

  5. Comparison between 28 zoological parks: stereotypic and social behaviours of captive brown bears ( Ursus arctos )

    Contributor(s):: Montaudouin, S., Pape, G. le

    In the present study we compared 33 enclosures in 28 parks, with a total of 66 bears. We chose direct observation of behaviour rather than surveys. Each enclosure was observed during one day; stereotypies and social relationships were qualitatively noted in types and amount. The connections of...

  6. Reliability and feasibility of selected measures concerning resting behaviour for the on-farm welfare assessment in dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Plesch, G., Broerkens, N., Laister, S., Winckler, C., Knierim, U.

    Resting is important for regeneration and disturbances are welfare relevant as they may be associated with insufficient recuperation, frustration, discomfort or pain and increased risk for health problems such as lameness or lesions. As part of the Welfare QualityReg. project this study aimed to...

  7. Site use of grazing cattle and sheep in a large-scale pasture landscape: a GPS/GIS assessment

    Contributor(s):: Putfarken, D., Dengler, J., Lehmann, S., Hardtle, W.

    Year-round mixed-species grazing at low densities in large-scale pasture systems has become a popular conservation concept as it is assumed to maintain the valuable biodiversity of semi-open cultural landscapes. This study aims to elucidate which vegetation types are preferentially grazed by...

  8. Characteristic activity patterns of female mouflons ( Ovis orientalis musimon ) in the lambing period

    Contributor(s):: Langbein, J., Streich, J., Scheibe, K. M.

    The activity pattern of wild mouflon sheep (Ovis orientalis musimon) during the lambing season was observed in a nature reserve in Brandenburg, Germany, during 1995 (n = 5) and 1996 (n = 6). Activity data was recorded automatically by the storage-telemetry-system, ETHOSYS. The animals were...

  9. The feeding pattern of the Norway rat ( Rattus norvegicus ) in two differently structured habitats on a farm

    Contributor(s):: Klemann, N., Pelz, H. J.

    The adaptation of bait uptake behaviour in Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus) to the conditions of particular habitats was investigated on a farm in north-west Germany. Live-trapped rats were fitted with individual PIT tags and were automatically registered at bait stations in two differently...

  10. Expert consultation on weighting factors of criteria for assessing environmental enrichment materials for pigs

    Contributor(s):: Bracke, M. B. M., Zonderland, J. J., Bleumer, E. J. B.

    EC directive 2001/93/EC states that pigs must have permanent access to a sufficient quantity of material to enable proper investigation and manipulation activities. This directive requires further interpretation. In order to facilitate the further implementation of the directive into national,...

  11. Expert judgement on enrichment materials for pigs validates preliminary RICHPIG model

    Contributor(s):: Bracke, M. B. M., Zonderland, J. J., Bleumer, E. J. B.

    EC directive 2001/93/EC states that pigs must have permanent access to a sufficient quantity of material to enable proper investigation and manipulation activities. This directive requires further interpretation. In order to facilitate the further implementation of the directive into national,...

  12. Effects of group and individual housing on the behavior of kennelled dogs in animal shelters

    Contributor(s):: Mertens, P. A., Unshelm, J.

    To emphasize the effects of group- and single housing of kennelled dogs, the behavior of 211 dogs in two German animal shelters was tested and observed. After being placed, 197 of the dogs' new owners were interviewed.Although 51% of the German animal shelters already keep dogs in groups, there...

  13. Influence of herd size on human-cow relationships

    Contributor(s):: Waiblinger, S., Menke, C.

    Large herds pose the risk of worsening human-cattle relationships by reducing human contact and thus increasing the risk of accidents. In a survey on 35 dairy farms in Switzerland and Germany, different aspects of human-cow relationships were investigated. The effects of size of herd compared to...

  14. Understanding Nazi animal protection and the holocaust

    Contributor(s):: Arluke, A., Sax, B.

    It is well known that the Nazis treated human beings with extreme cruelty but it less widely recognized that the Nazis also took some pains to develop and pass extensive animal protection laws. How could the Nazis have professed such concern for animals while treating humans so badly? It would be...

  15. Urban park visitors and their knowledge of animal species

    Contributor(s):: Randler, C., Hollwarth, A., Schaal, S.

    Informal or incidental learning in recreational parks has been rarely assessed, although most city-dwellers enjoy and appreciate wildlife in their day-to-day lives. Incidental or informal learning is non-intentional and grows out of spontaneous situations and is mostly self-directed. Here, we...

  16. Laying hen welfare standards: a classic case of 'power to the people'

    Contributor(s):: Savory, C. J.

    Legislation concerning laying hen welfare appears to be influenced more by public perceptions than by scientific and commercial evidence. This paper considers public understanding and power over the issue, and how welfare standards are structured. The usual objection to battery cages is that they...

  17. Voluntary animal welfare assessment of mass-produced farm animal housing equipment using a standardised procedure

    Contributor(s):: Knierim, U., Hesse, D., Borell, E. von, Herrmann, H. J., Muller, C., Rauch, H. W., Sachser, N., Zerbe, F.