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Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior
Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.
Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...
A comparison of zoo animal behavior in the presence of familiar and unfamiliar people
Contributor(s):: Martin, R. A., Melfi, V.
As recorded in domestic nonhuman animals, regular interactions between animals in zoos and keepers and the resulting relationship formed (human-animal relationship [HAR]) are likely to influence the animals' behaviors with associated welfare consequences. HAR formation requires that zoo animals...
A Comparison of Zoo Animal Behavior in the Presence of Familiar and Unfamiliar People
A multi-institutional assessment of factors influencing locomotion and pacing in captive okapis ( Okapia johnstoni)
Contributor(s):: Bennett, C., Torgerson-White, L., Fripp, D., Watters, J., Petric, A.
The okapi ( Okapia johnstoni), native to the Democratic Republic of Congo, is a large, solitary, and diurnal forest-dwelling ungulate highly sensitive to captive conditions. The captive population demonstrates persistent health problems, reproductive abnormalities, and several potentially...
The Saharan [giraffe à lien] in rock art: domesticated giraffe or rain animal? Comparing enigmatic petroglyphs from the Sahara and Namibia
Contributor(s):: van Hoek, Maarten
Zarafa: A Giraffe's True Story, from Deep in Africa to the Heart of Paris
Contributor(s):: Allin, Michael
Social attachment in giraffe: response to social separation
Contributor(s):: Tarou, L. R., Bashaw, M. J., Maple, T. L.
Attachment relationships between animals are often studied by separating a pair of individuals and recording their subsequent behaviour. Studies of non-human primates have shown that separation results in changes that are indicative of both psychological and physiological stress. Similar results...
A survey assessment of variables related to stereotypy in captive giraffe and okapi
Contributor(s):: Bashaw, M. J., Tarou, L. R., Maki, T. S., Maple, T. L.
Stereotypic behaviour has been investigated in a wide variety of animals, but little published information is available on this problem in captive exotic ungulates. A survey was used to gather information on the prevalence of stereotypic behaviour in giraffe and okapi and to identify variables...
On comparing the behaviour of zoo housed animals with wild conspecifics as a welfare indicator, using the giraffe ( Giraffa camelopardalis ) as a model
Contributor(s):: Veasey, J. S., Waran, N. K., Young, R. J.
The effect of increasing dietary fibre on feeding, rumination and oral stereotypies in captive giraffes ( Giraffa camelopardalis )
Contributor(s):: Baxter, E., Plowman, A. B.
Many captive giraffes perform oral stereotypes, in particular tongue-playing, licking of objects (including conspecifics) and vacuum chewing. Typically, the diet of these large ruminants in captivity consists mostly of food concentrates, which are consumed rapidly and do not provide stimulation...