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All Categories (21-40 of 77)

  1. Therapy dogs' salivary cortisol levels vary during animal-assisted interventions

    Contributor(s):: Glenk, L. M., Kothgassner, O. D., Stetina, B. U., Palme, R., Kepplinger, B., Baran, H.

  2. Can non-invasive glucocorticoid measures be used as reliable indicators of stress in animals?

    Contributor(s):: Lane, J.

  3. Environmental enrichment exerts anxiolytic effects in the Indian field mouse (Mus booduga)

    Contributor(s):: Varman, D. R., Ganapathy, Marimuthu, Rajan, K. E.

  4. Factors affecting faecal glucocorticoid levels in domestic cats (Felis catus): a pilot study with single and large multi-cat households

    Contributor(s):: Ramos, D., Arena, M. N., Reche-Junior, A., Daniel, A. G. T., Albino, M. V. C., Vasconcellos, A. S., Viau, P., Oliveira, C. A.

  5. Monitoring stress hormone metabolites as a useful, non-invasive tool for welfare assessment in farm animals

    Contributor(s):: Palme, R.

  6. Pet ownership and asthma morbidity

    Contributor(s):: Simpson, A. J., Matusiewicz, S. P., Greening, A. P., Crompton, G. K.

  7. Behavioral and glucocorticoid responses of adult domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) to companionship and social separation

    Contributor(s):: Tuber, Davis S., Hennessy, Michael B., Sanders, Suzanne, Miller, Julia A.

  8. Influence of housing on weanling horse behaviour and subsequent welfare

    Contributor(s):: Heleski, C. R., Shelle, A. C., Nielsen, B. D., Zanella, A. J.

    Weaning foals marks a stressful event in horses' lives. Limited research exists regarding different housing methods post-weaning and the long-term implications on horse behaviour and welfare. The purpose of this study was to monitor behaviour and physiological stress markers in horses weaned...

  9. Neonatal handling of Amazon parrots alters the stress response and immune function

    Contributor(s):: Collette, J. C., Millam, J. R., Klasing, K. C., Wakenell, P. S.

    The influence of neonatal handling on behaviour and immune function was assessed in Orange-winged Amazon parrots (Amazona amazonica). Chicks (n=11) were gently handled daily from 25 days of age until 38 days post-fledging, while control chicks (n=9) were not handled. At 10 days post-fledging...

  10. Pain and stress in crustaceans? (Special Issue: Animal suffering and welfare.)

    Contributor(s):: Elwood, R. W., Barr, S., Patterson, L.

    We consider evidence that crustaceans might experience pain and stress in ways that are analogous to those of vertebrates. Various criteria are applied that might indicate a potential for pain experience: (1) a suitable central nervous system and receptors, (2) avoidance learning, (3) protective...

  11. Stress response of working African elephants to transportation and safari adventures

    Contributor(s):: Millspaugh, T. T., Burke, T., Dyk, G. van, Slotow, R., Washburn, B. E., Woods, R. J.

    African elephants (Loxodonta africana) are intensively managed in southern Africa and are routinely translocated between reserves. Domesticated elephants are used for elephant-back safaris and interactions with guests. Understanding how elephants respond to such activities is critical because of...

  12. De-arousal properties of stereotyped behaviour: evidence from pituitary-adrenal correlates in pigs

    Contributor(s):: Dantzer, R., Mormede, P.

    Behavioural and pituitary--adrenal responses of food-deprived pigs, submitted to an intermittent food delivery schedule repeated over several weeks, were investigated. All animals reliably displayed stereotyped activites, in the form of repeated chain pulling, during the interval between food...

  13. Effect of differential rearing on the behavioral and adrenocortical response of lambs to a novel environment

    Contributor(s):: Moberg, G. P., Wood, V. A.

    When lambs (14 days old) were placed in an open space, those reared in isolation were more withdrawn (were slow to begin moving, vocalized infrequently and avoided new objects) than lambs reared with dams or with other lambs. The difference in response was less pronounced when all lambs were...

  14. Effects of chronic stress on some blood parameters in the pig

    Contributor(s):: Barnett, J. L., Hemsworth, P. H., Hand, A. M.

    Plasma samples from juvenile female pigs exhibiting a chronic stress response, evidenced by higher free corticosteroid concentrations, changes in behaviour and reduced growth rates, were analysed for plasma concentrations of total protein, albumin, glucose, urea and cholesterol. Chronic stress...

  15. Hormonal influences on conditioned fear in pigs

    Contributor(s):: Dantzer, R., Mormede, P.

  16. Physiological and behavioural aspects of assessing stress and welfare in the pig

    Contributor(s):: Barnett, J. L.

  17. Social behaviour and adrenal cortical activity in heifers

    Contributor(s):: Adeyemo, O., Heath, E.

    Heifers of the German Brown Swiss, Holstein and White Fulani cattle were observed before, during and after a training. Individual and social behaviour were observed while the animals were under free housing in the pen, grazing in the paddock and while filing through the crush and the passage...

  18. Effects of enrichment and housing on cortisol response in juvenile rhesus monkeys

    Contributor(s):: Schapiro, S. J., Bloomsmith, M. A., Kessel, A. L., Shively, C. A.

  19. Effects of vitamin C supplementation on the adrenocortical and tonic immobility fear reactions of Japanese quail genetically selected for high corticosterone response to stress

    Contributor(s):: Satterlee, D. G., Jones, R. B., Ryder, F. H.

    Japanese quail chicks (18 days of age), from a line genetically selected for high plasma corticosterone response to brief immobilization stress, were treated for 24 h with either untreated drinking water or with a vitamin C (1200 mg/l of ascorbic acid: AA) solution. The chicks were subsequently...

  20. Problems associated with the interpretation of physiological data in the assessment of animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Rushen, J.