Salivary oxytocin in pigs, cattle, and goats during positive human-animal interactions
Contributor(s):: Lürzel, S., Bückendorf, L., Waiblinger, S., Rault, J. L.
Small Ruminants: Farmers' Hope in a World Threatened by Water Scarcity
| Contributor(s):: Oluwakamisi F. Akinmoladun, Voster Muchenje, Fabian N. Fon, Conference T. Mpendulo
The availability and sustainability of suitable and good quality drinking water is a global concern. Such uncertainties threaten livestock production with an attendant ripple effect on food security. Small ruminants, including sheep and goats, appear to be promising to smallholder farmers in...
Philly Goat Project
PGP was created by Karen Krivit and Lily Sage in 2018. Karen is a clinical social worker with 30 year of experience in working with families and individuals challenged with disabilities and trauma. Lily is a funeral director and artist who is passionate about the confluence of sustainable...
The human-animal relationship in dairy animals
| Contributor(s):: Napolitano, F., Bragaglio, A., Sabia, E., Serrapica, F., Braghieri, A., Rosa, G. de
The present study aims to identify margins for the improvement of dairy animal welfare and production based on the quality of the human-animal relationship (HAR). The main tool proposed to improve the quality of HAR in dairy animals is training of stock-people by targeting their attitude and...
Goats in Schools: Parental Attitudes and Perceived Benefits
| Contributor(s):: Loyd, Destiny D., King, Elizabeth G., Thompson, Jennifer J.
Text Mining Analysis to Evaluate Stakeholders' Perception Regarding Welfare of Equines, Small Ruminants, and Turkeys
| Contributor(s):: Emanuela Dalla Costa, Vito Tranquillo, Francesca Dai, Michela Minero, Monica Battini, Silvana Mattiello, Sara Barbieri, Valentina Ferrante, Lorenzo Ferrari, Adroaldo Zanella, Elisabetta Canali
Welfare of animals significantly depends on how stakeholders perceive their needs and behave in a way to favor production systems that promote better welfare outcomes. This study aimed at investigating stakeholders’ perception of the welfare of equines, small ruminants, and turkeys using...
Behaviour of Beetal does and bucks at linear vs. hexagonal feeder with special reference to homologous regrouping
| Contributor(s):: Kaur, Gurpreet, Kaswan, Sandeep, Singla, Mandeep, Sharma, Amit, Lamba, Jaspal Singh
Inter- and intra-individual variability of feeding behaviour in group housed dairy goats
| Contributor(s):: Cellier, Marjorie, Duvaux-Ponter, Christine, Nielsen, Birte L.
Assessment of Small Ruminant Welfare in Ethiopia – An Abattoir-Based Study
| Contributor(s):: Bekele, Tizeta, Szonyi, Barbara, Feleke, Aklilu, Grace, Delia
This paper presents the results of a cross-sectional study assessing the welfare of sheep and goats in a large abattoir in central Ethiopia, using qualitative and quantitative approaches. A total of 384 nonhuman animals (192 sheep and 192 goats) underwent clinical examination and behavioral...
Effects of Environmental Enrichment on Behavior in a Domestic Goat Herd
| Contributor(s):: Stephanie Peramas
Animal welfare is one of the most important parts of animal management. Apart from other measures of good animal welfare, like being in good health, animal behavior can be indicative of the animal’s internal state and is often one of the first signs of improper welfare. Stereotypies, or...
Antibiotic Use on Goat Farms: An Investigation of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors of Missouri Goat Farmers
| Contributor(s):: Lauren K. Landfried, Ellen K. Barnidge, Patrick Pithua, Roger D. Lewis, Jonathan Jacoby, Christopher C. King, Carole R. Baskin
Use of low dose, prophylactic antibiotics contributes to the emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria. In one study, goat meat in Missouri was found to have a higher percentage of antibiotic residues at slaughter than the national average, so we attempted to identify factors related to goat...
Social interactions, cortisol and reproductive success of domestic goats (Capra hircus) subjected to different animal densities during pregnancy
| Contributor(s):: Vas, Judit, Chojnacki, Rachel, Kjøren, Marte Flor, Lyngwa, Charlotte, Andersen, Inger Lise
Although goats in many countries are kept indoors in the winter season, during gestation and kidding, recommendations and regulations regarding available space per goat are highly variable. The effects of different housing conditions on the welfare and behaviour are understudied in this species....
Individual distance during resting and feeding in age homogeneous vs. age heterogeneous groups of goats
| Contributor(s):: Bøe, Knut Egil, Ehrlenbruch, Rebecca, Jørgensen, Grete Helen Meisfjord, Andersen, Inger Lise
The aim of this experiment was to investigate the individual distance during resting and feeding in homogenous and heterogeneous age groups of young and adult goats. Thirty-six young (3 years) were allotted into 6 groups of young goats (YOUNG), 6 groups of adult goats (ADULT) and 6 heterogeneous...
Improved acceptance of Chromonaela odorata by goat kids after weaning is triggered by in utero exposure but not consumption of milk
| Contributor(s):: Hai, Phan Vu, Schonewille, Jan Thomas, Van Tien, Dam, Everts, Henk, Hendriks, Wouter Hendrikus
The aim of the current study was to determine whether the improved post-weaning intake of Chromonaela odorata by goat kids is related to either the in utero period of the goat kids or the subsequent suckling period. It was hypothesized that kids born to dams fed C. odorata during pregnancy and...
Improved acceptance of Chromonaela odorata by goat kids after weaning is caused by in utero exposure during late but not early pregnancy
The aim of the current experiment was to study the effect of the phase of pregnancy on in utero learning of Chromonaela odorata by the goat kids by comparing mid pregnancy (day 50–99, MP) with late pregnancy (day 100–145, LP). It was hypothesized that kids born to dams fed C. odorata during late...
Factors influencing the welfare of goats in small established groups during the separation and reintegration of individuals
| Contributor(s):: Patt, Antonia, Gygax, Lorenz, Wechsler, Beat, Hillmann, Edna, Palme, Rupert, Keil, Nina M.
As a goat's separation from or reintegration into its group is likely to have an adverse effect on the welfare of both the separated goat and the remaining goats in the group, management procedures need to be carried out in a way that minimises their negative impact. In the present study, we...
Effects of restraint with or without blinds at the feed barrier on feeding and agonistic behaviour in horned and hornless goats
| Contributor(s):: Hillmann, Edna, Hilfiker, Sandra, Keil, Nina Maria
The strict dominance hierarchy in goats bears the risk of low-ranking goats not getting adequate access to feed, especially for goats in small groups. The aim of our study was to test the effect of restraint in headlocks with and without blinds at the feed barrier on feeding and agonistic...
Behavioural and physiological reactions of goats confronted with an unfamiliar group either when alone or with two peers
When introduced into a new herd, goats are confronted with unfamiliar animals. Their behavioural and physiological reactions during this confrontation are likely to differ depending on the presence or absence of familiar conspecifics (peers). To assess these reactions, we confronted 12 goats both...
Social strategies associated with identity profiles in dairy goats
| Contributor(s):: Miranda-de la Lama, Genaro C., Sepúlveda, Wilmer S., Montaldo, Hugo H., María, Gustavo A., Galindo, Francisco
The aim of this study was to identify and analyse the social strategies associated with dominance, conflict resolution, individual behaviour and morphological traits in goats. Social interactions of 30 high-yielding dairy goats were recorded over a period of 16 days for 96h. The variables...
The relevance of group size on goats’ social dynamics in a production environment
| Contributor(s):: Andersen, Inger Lise, Tønnesen, Hege, Estevez, Inma, Cronin, Greg M., Bøe, Knut Egil
The aim of the present experiment was to examine the effects of short-term experience with three different group sizes in an increasing and decreasing fashion on the frequency social interactions in goats. Two batches of 24 healthy, dehorned, 2–5 years old, lactating dairy goats (Capra hircus)...