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  1. Assessment of Small Ruminant Welfare in Ethiopia – An Abattoir-Based Study

    Contributor(s):: Bekele, Tizeta, Szonyi, Barbara, Feleke, Aklilu, Grace, Delia

    This paper presents the results of a cross-sectional study assessing the welfare of sheep and goats in a large abattoir in central Ethiopia, using qualitative and quantitative approaches. A total of 384 nonhuman animals (192 sheep and 192 goats) underwent clinical examination and behavioral...

  2. Social interactions, cortisol and reproductive success of domestic goats (Capra hircus) subjected to different animal densities during pregnancy

    Contributor(s):: Vas, Judit, Chojnacki, Rachel, Kjøren, Marte Flor, Lyngwa, Charlotte, Andersen, Inger Lise

    Although goats in many countries are kept indoors in the winter season, during gestation and kidding, recommendations and regulations regarding available space per goat are highly variable. The effects of different housing conditions on the welfare and behaviour are understudied in this species....

  3. Individual distance during resting and feeding in age homogeneous vs. age heterogeneous groups of goats

    Contributor(s):: Bøe, Knut Egil, Ehrlenbruch, Rebecca, Jørgensen, Grete Helen Meisfjord, Andersen, Inger Lise

    The aim of this experiment was to investigate the individual distance during resting and feeding in homogenous and heterogeneous age groups of young and adult goats. Thirty-six young (3 years) were allotted into 6 groups of young goats (YOUNG), 6 groups of adult goats (ADULT) and 6 heterogeneous...

  4. Improved acceptance of Chromonaela odorata by goat kids after weaning is triggered by in utero exposure but not consumption of milk

    Contributor(s):: Hai, Phan Vu, Schonewille, Jan Thomas, Van Tien, Dam, Everts, Henk, Hendriks, Wouter Hendrikus

    The aim of the current study was to determine whether the improved post-weaning intake of Chromonaela odorata by goat kids is related to either the in utero period of the goat kids or the subsequent suckling period. It was hypothesized that kids born to dams fed C. odorata during pregnancy and...

  5. Improved acceptance of Chromonaela odorata by goat kids after weaning is caused by in utero exposure during late but not early pregnancy

    Contributor(s):: Hai, Phan Vu, Schonewille, Jan Thomas, Van Tien, Dam, Everts, Henk, Hendriks, Wouter Hendrikus

    The aim of the current experiment was to study the effect of the phase of pregnancy on in utero learning of Chromonaela odorata by the goat kids by comparing mid pregnancy (day 50–99, MP) with late pregnancy (day 100–145, LP). It was hypothesized that kids born to dams fed C. odorata during late...

  6. Factors influencing the welfare of goats in small established groups during the separation and reintegration of individuals

    Contributor(s):: Patt, Antonia, Gygax, Lorenz, Wechsler, Beat, Hillmann, Edna, Palme, Rupert, Keil, Nina M.

    As a goat's separation from or reintegration into its group is likely to have an adverse effect on the welfare of both the separated goat and the remaining goats in the group, management procedures need to be carried out in a way that minimises their negative impact. In the present study, we...

  7. Effects of restraint with or without blinds at the feed barrier on feeding and agonistic behaviour in horned and hornless goats

    Contributor(s):: Hillmann, Edna, Hilfiker, Sandra, Keil, Nina Maria

    The strict dominance hierarchy in goats bears the risk of low-ranking goats not getting adequate access to feed, especially for goats in small groups. The aim of our study was to test the effect of restraint in headlocks with and without blinds at the feed barrier on feeding and agonistic...

  8. Behavioural and physiological reactions of goats confronted with an unfamiliar group either when alone or with two peers

    Contributor(s):: Patt, Antonia, Gygax, Lorenz, Wechsler, Beat, Hillmann, Edna, Palme, Rupert, Keil, Nina M.

    When introduced into a new herd, goats are confronted with unfamiliar animals. Their behavioural and physiological reactions during this confrontation are likely to differ depending on the presence or absence of familiar conspecifics (peers). To assess these reactions, we confronted 12 goats both...

  9. The relevance of group size on goats’ social dynamics in a production environment

    Contributor(s):: Andersen, Inger Lise, Tønnesen, Hege, Estevez, Inma, Cronin, Greg M., Bøe, Knut Egil

    The aim of the present experiment was to examine the effects of short-term experience with three different group sizes in an increasing and decreasing fashion on the frequency social interactions in goats. Two batches of 24 healthy, dehorned, 2–5 years old, lactating dairy goats (Capra hircus)...

  10. The introduction of individual goats into small established groups has serious negative effects on the introduced goat but not on resident goats

    Contributor(s):: Patt, Antonia, Gygax, Lorenz, Wechsler, Beat, Hillmann, Edna, Palme, Rupert, Keil, Nina M.

    The introduction of an individual goat into an established group is likely to result in intense agonistic interactions, which may adversely affect the welfare of both the introduced goat and the resident goats. To assess this situation, we introduced eight horned and eight hornless goats one at a...

  11. Feeding Chromonaela odorata during pregnancy to goat dams affects acceptance of this feedstuff by their offspring

    Contributor(s):: Hai, Phan Vu, Everts, Henk, Van Tien, Dam, Schonewille, J. Thomas, Hendriks, Wouter H.

    We investigated the effect of Chromonaela odorata ingestion by goat dams during pregnancy on intake of C. odorata by their kids. Alteration of prenatal feed preference may be used to increase feed intake of novel feeds and the transit from outdoor to indoor goat farming in Vietnam. Ten female...

  12. Feed barrier design affects behaviour and physiology in goats

    Contributor(s):: Nordmann, Eva, Keil, Nina Maria, Schmied-Wagner, Claudia, Graml, Christine, Langbein, Jan, Aschwanden, Janine, von Hof, Jessica, Maschat, Kristina, Palme, Rupert, Waiblinger, Susanne

    Among other things, feed barrier design for goats can differ with regard to ease of leaving, backward view, and presence of physical separation. The aim of our study was to investigate whether the type of feed barrier influences agonistic behaviour and stress. The study involved 55 adult...

  13. Behavioural response of dairy goat kids to cautery disbudding

    Contributor(s):: Hempstead, Melissa N., Waas, Joseph R., Stewart, Mairi, Cave, Vanessa M., Sutherland, Mhairi A.

    Behavioural changes associated with cautery disbudding of female Saanen dairy goat kids were assessed. At 4±2days of age, kids were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups: (i) disbudded with a cautery iron (CAUT, n=5) and (ii) sham handled and not disbudded (SHAM, n=5). Animals were...

  14. Face-based perception of emotions in dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Bellegarde, Lucille G. A., Haskell, Marie J., Duvaux-Ponter, Christine, Weiss, Alexander, Boissy, Alain, Erhard, Hans W.

    Faces of conspecifics convey information about identity, but also gaze, and attentional or emotional state. As a cognitive process, face-based emotion recognition can be subject to judgement bias. In this study we investigated whether dairy goats (n=32) would show different responses to 2-D...

  15. Goats display audience-dependent human-directed gazing behaviour in a problem-solving task

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Christian Nawroth, Jemma M. Brett, Alan G. McElligott

    Domestication is an important factor driving changes in animal cognition and behaviour. In particular, the capacity of dogs to communicate in a referential and intentional way with humans is considered a key outcome of how domestication as a companion animal shaped the canid brain. However, the...

  16. Feed resource selection of Criollo goats is the result of an interaction between plant resources, condensed tannins and Haemonchus contortus infection

    | Contributor(s):: Torres-Fajardo, Rafael Arturo, González-Pech, Pedro Geraldo, Ventura-Cordero, Javier, Ortíz-Ocampo, Guadalupe Isabel, Sandoval-Castro, Carlos Alfredo, Torres-Acosta, Juan Felipe Jesús

    The tropical deciduous forest (TDF) is an ecosystem with a heterogeneous array of plant species containing different condensed tannin (CT) content. Recent studies explored the effect of polyethylene glycol (PEG) or Haemonchus contortus infection on the intake and feed resource selection of goats....

  17. How do free-ranging domestic herbivores reduce competition within owner-determined herds?

    | Contributor(s):: Kraai, Manqhai, Shrader, Adrian M.

    Group size and competition are key drivers of foraging behaviour in social animals. With seasonal changes in food quality and availability, comes changes in the type (scramble or interference) and degree of competition (aggression or none). One way that animals can deal with these variations is...

  18. Evaluation of alternatives to cautery disbudding of dairy goat kids using behavioural measures of post-treatment pain

    | Contributor(s):: Hempstead, Melissa N., Waas, Joseph R., Stewart, Mairi, Cave, Vanessa M., Sutherland, Mhairi A.

    Alternatives to cautery disbudding (caustic paste and cryosurgical disbudding, and clove oil injection) were evaluated using behavioural measures of post-treatment pain in dairy goat kids. Fifty Saanen doe kids were randomly assigned to one of five treatments (n = 10/treatment): (i) cautery...

  19. One Health approach to controlling a Q fever outbreak on an Australian goat farm

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: K.A. Bond, G. Vincent, C.R. Wilks, L. Franklin, B. Sutton, J. Stenos, R. Cowan, K. Lim, E. Athan, O. Harris, L. Macfarlane-Berry, Y. Segal, S.M. Firestone

    A recent outbreak of Q fever was linked to an intensive goat and sheep dairy farm in Victoria, Australia, 2012-2014. Seventeen employees and one family member were confirmed with Q fever over a 28-month period, including two culture-positive cases. The outbreak investigation and management...

  20. The Emergence of Animal Management in the Southern Levant

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Natalie D. Munro, Guy Bar-Oz, Jacqueline S. Meier, Lidar Sapir-Hen, Mary C. Stiner, Reuven Yeshurun

    Our compilation of zooarchaeological data from a series of important archaeological sites spanning the Epipaleolithic through Pre-Pottery Neolithic B periods in the Mediterranean Hills of the southern Levant contributes to major debates about the beginnings of ungulate management in Southwest...