Are scientists right and non-scientists wrong? Reflections on discussions of GM
Contributor(s):: Deckers, J.
This paper furthers the understanding of the view that genetic modification (GM) is unnatural, and of the critical response to this view. While many people have been reported to hold the view that GM is unnatural, many policy-makers and their advisors have suggested that the view must be ignored...
Artistic freedom or animal cruelty? Contemporary visual art practice that involves live and deceased animals
| Contributor(s):: Coleman, E., Scollen, R., Batorowicz, B., Akenson, D.
This paper examines a selection of 21st-century international examples of exhibited visual artworks involving live or deceased animals. It seeks to reveal the risks and benefits of unique encounters with animals through art and to consider the ethical implications of artwork deploying animals....
Assessment of the impact of government animal welfare policy on farm animal welfare in the UK
| Contributor(s):: Bennett, R. M., Broom, D. M., Henson, S. J., Blaney, R. J. P., Harper, G.
The paper presents the method and findings of a Delphi expert survey to assess the impact of UK government farm animal welfare policy, farm assurance schemes and major food retailer specifications on the welfare of animals on farms. Two case-study livestock production systems are considered,...
Changing human-animal relationships in sport: an analysis of the UK and Australian horse racing whips debates
| Contributor(s):: Graham, R., McManus, P.
Changing social values and new technologies have contributed to increasing media attention and debate about the acceptable use of animals in sport. This paper focuses on the use of the whip in thoroughbred horse racing. Those who defend its use argue it is a necessary tool needed for safety,...
Developing the ethical Delphi. (Special Issue: Ethical tools.)
| Contributor(s):: Millar, K., Thorstensen, E., Tomkins, S., Mepham, B., Kaiser, M.
A number of EU institutions and government committees across Europe have expressed interest in developing methods and decision-support tools to facilitate consideration of the ethical dimensions of biotechnology assessment. As part of the work conducted in the EC supported project on ethical...
Food supply chain governance and public health externalities: upstream policy interventions and the UK State. (Special issue: Food and the public's health)
| Contributor(s):: Barling, D.
Contemporary food supply chains are generating externalities with high economic and social costs, notably in public health terms through the rise in diet-related non-communicable disease. The UK State is developing policy strategies to tackle these public health problems alongside...
Is agriculture in need of ethics?
| Contributor(s):: Apotheker, H.
The paper considers the interrelationships between ethics, the agro-food industry, civil society and government in the Netherlands. Changing norms and values in society, the influence of new technologies such as biotechnology, and international trade liberalization are discussed as providing...
Leading and organizing social change for companion animals
| Contributor(s):: Hamilton, F. E.
Governmental agencies and shelters are charged with controlling the animal overpopulation problem, and historically they have accomplished this by euthanizing companion animals. Community-wide efforts in diverse locations, however, have implemented creative strategies that have dramatically...
New Zealand's inclusive science-based system for setting animal welfare standards. (Special Issue: Farm animal welfare since the Brambell report.)
| Contributor(s):: Mellor, D. J., Bayvel, A. C. D.
Inclusiveness and science were, and are, essential contributors to the development and operation of New Zealand's current system for managing animal welfare at a national level. The involvement of individuals and groups with diverse interests, having aligned, complementary or opposing views, is...
Penal sanctioning of zoophilia in light of the legal status of animals - a comparative analysis of fifteen European countries
| Contributor(s):: Vetter, S., Boros, A., Ozsvari, L.
Post-communist canine: a feminist approach to women and dogs in canine performance sports in Poland
| Contributor(s):: Wlodarczyk, J.
The article attempts to present the complexity of relationships between women, capitalism, democracy, and competitive dog training in post-communist Poland. The article documents the correlation between increased involvement of women in competitive canine sports in Poland after 1989, changes in...
Research note on equity and ethics in state-promotion of agricultural products
| Contributor(s):: Adelaja, A. O., Brumfield, R. G.
Many state governments in the USA promote locally-produced farm products. This paper discusses issues related to the ethics and equity of such promotional programmes. The paper argues that generic promotion is generally easier to justify in terms of ethics and equity than brand promotion. It also...
Risk communication, value judgments, and the public-policy maker relationship in a climate of public sensitivity toward animals: revisiting Britain's foot and mouth crisis. (Special issue: Farm animal diseases in context)
| Contributor(s):: Anthony, R.
This paper offers some suggestions on, and encouragement for, how to be better at risk communication in times of agricultural crisis. During the foot and mouth epizootic, the British public, having no precedent to deal with such a rapid and widespread epizootic, no existing rules or conventions,...
The ethics and politics of animal welfare in New Zealand: broiler chicken production as a case study
| Contributor(s):: Morris, M. C.
The cause of poor welfare in broilers is multifactorial, but genotype is a major contributor. Modern broilers have been bred for rapid growth, and this leads to increases in lameness and ascites as the legs and hearts of the heavier birds find it difficult to cope with the extra demands placed on...
The impact of BSE and FMD on ethics and democratic process. (Special issue: Farm animal diseases in context)
| Contributor(s):: Murphy-Lawless, J.
The recent crises of BSE and FMD in the United Kingdom have revealed widespread concerns on the part of farmers and consumers about government regulations and handling of animal movements, animal welfare, and food safety. Both crises raised issues of government accountability and the lack of...
Understanding the scope of farmer perceptions of risk: considering farmer opinions on the use of genetically modified (GM) crops as a stakeholder voice in policy
| Contributor(s):: Guehlstorf, N. P.
This study explores the relationship of farmer attitudes and GM agriculture. A survey was conducted on 200 farmer adopters and non-adopters of GM crops within the counties of Madison, Macoupin, Jersey and Feyette in Illinois, USA on the perception of risk in relation to GM food production and...
Working with laboratory rodents in Spain: a survey on welfare and wellbeing
| Contributor(s):: Goni-Balentziaga, O., Ortega-Saez, I., Vila, S., Azkona, G.