On governance, embedding and marketing: reflections on the construction of alternative sustainable food networks
Contributor(s):: Roep, D., Wiskerke, J. S. C.
Animal abuse and youth violence
Contributor(s):: Ascione, Frank R.
Toxicology and new social ethics for animals
Contributor(s):: Rollin, Bernard E.
An institutionalized human-animal relationship and the aftermath: the reproductive process of horse-bands and husbandry in Northern Yakutia, Siberia
Contributor(s):: Takakura, H.
Horse breeding is well-known to be one of the traditional means of subsistence for the Sakha (Yakut) of Siberia. Existing research, however, lacks clear descriptions of the reproductive process of the horse-bands and the role which herders play in that process. The objective of this paper is to...
Are scientists right and non-scientists wrong? Reflections on discussions of GM
Contributor(s):: Deckers, J.
This paper furthers the understanding of the view that genetic modification (GM) is unnatural, and of the critical response to this view. While many people have been reported to hold the view that GM is unnatural, many policy-makers and their advisors have suggested that the view must be ignored...
Developing the ethical Delphi. (Special Issue: Ethical tools.)
Contributor(s):: Millar, K., Thorstensen, E., Tomkins, S., Mepham, B., Kaiser, M.
A number of EU institutions and government committees across Europe have expressed interest in developing methods and decision-support tools to facilitate consideration of the ethical dimensions of biotechnology assessment. As part of the work conducted in the EC supported project on ethical...
Environmental implications of the erosion of cultural taboo practices in Awka-South local government area of Anambra State, Nigeria: 1. Forests, trees, and water resource preservation
Contributor(s):: Anoliefo, G. O., Isikhuemhen, O. S., Ochije, N. R.
Cultural taboos and their sanctions have helped to check abuse of the environment at least among the local people. The disregard for these traditional checks and balances especially among Christians has adversely affected their enforcement at this time. The environment and culture preservation in...
Food supply chain governance and public health externalities: upstream policy interventions and the UK State. (Special issue: Food and the public's health)
Contributor(s):: Barling, D.
Contemporary food supply chains are generating externalities with high economic and social costs, notably in public health terms through the rise in diet-related non-communicable disease. The UK State is developing policy strategies to tackle these public health problems alongside...
Is agriculture in need of ethics?
Contributor(s):: Apotheker, H.
The paper considers the interrelationships between ethics, the agro-food industry, civil society and government in the Netherlands. Changing norms and values in society, the influence of new technologies such as biotechnology, and international trade liberalization are discussed as providing...
Novel foods and consumer rights: concerning food policy in a liberal state
Contributor(s):: Rippe, K. P.
In the public debate concerning novel foods, some consumer groups claim a consumer right to have access to certain kinds of food in the market. To discuss such statements, the paper identifies the reasons that may justify liberal states to regulate food. Although it defends certain paternalistic...
The ethics and politics of animal welfare in New Zealand: broiler chicken production as a case study
Contributor(s):: Morris, M. C.
The cause of poor welfare in broilers is multifactorial, but genotype is a major contributor. Modern broilers have been bred for rapid growth, and this leads to increases in lameness and ascites as the legs and hearts of the heavier birds find it difficult to cope with the extra demands placed on...
Understanding the scope of farmer perceptions of risk: considering farmer opinions on the use of genetically modified (GM) crops as a stakeholder voice in policy
Contributor(s):: Guehlstorf, N. P.
This study explores the relationship of farmer attitudes and GM agriculture. A survey was conducted on 200 farmer adopters and non-adopters of GM crops within the counties of Madison, Macoupin, Jersey and Feyette in Illinois, USA on the perception of risk in relation to GM food production and...
New Zealand's inclusive science-based system for setting animal welfare standards. (Special Issue: Farm animal welfare since the Brambell report.)
Contributor(s):: Mellor, D. J., Bayvel, A. C. D.
Inclusiveness and science were, and are, essential contributors to the development and operation of New Zealand's current system for managing animal welfare at a national level. The involvement of individuals and groups with diverse interests, having aligned, complementary or opposing views, is...
Review of 'Designing & planning programs for nonprofit & government organizations'
Contributor(s):: Vinokur-Kaplan, Diane
An ethicist's commentary on unintended consequences of a "downer animal" law
Animal production and the new social ethic for animals
Contributor(s):: Rollin, B.
Should animal welfare be law or market based?
Research note on equity and ethics in state-promotion of agricultural products
Contributor(s):: Adelaja, A. O., Brumfield, R. G.
Many state governments in the USA promote locally-produced farm products. This paper discusses issues related to the ethics and equity of such promotional programmes. The paper argues that generic promotion is generally easier to justify in terms of ethics and equity than brand promotion. It also...
Risk communication, value judgments, and the public-policy maker relationship in a climate of public sensitivity toward animals: revisiting Britain's foot and mouth crisis. (Special issue: Farm animal diseases in context)
Contributor(s):: Anthony, R.
This paper offers some suggestions on, and encouragement for, how to be better at risk communication in times of agricultural crisis. During the foot and mouth epizootic, the British public, having no precedent to deal with such a rapid and widespread epizootic, no existing rules or conventions,...
The impact of BSE and FMD on ethics and democratic process. (Special issue: Farm animal diseases in context)
Contributor(s):: Murphy-Lawless, J.
The recent crises of BSE and FMD in the United Kingdom have revealed widespread concerns on the part of farmers and consumers about government regulations and handling of animal movements, animal welfare, and food safety. Both crises raised issues of government accountability and the lack of...