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  1. Human-Managed vs. Natural Grazing Systems: Exploring Effects of Livestock and Wildlife Grazing at Multiple Scales

    Contributor(s):: Megan Esther McSherry

    Grazing by large herbivores is the most prevalent land use on grassland ecosystems, which cover greater than 40% of the earth's land surface and provide critical ecological and economic benefits. As such, understanding how grazing impacts different aspects of the ecosystem is of especially...

  2. Relationship between spatial distribution of sika deer-train collisions and sika deer movement in Japan

    Contributor(s):: Soga, Akinao, Hamasaki, Shin-ichiro, Yokoyama, Noriko, Sakai, Toshiyuki, Kaji, Koichi

  3. Spatial and temporal analysis of factors associated with urban deer-vehicle collisions

    Contributor(s):: McCance, Erin C., Baydack, Richard K., Walker, David J., Leask, Derek N.

  4. Characteristics and distribution of livestock losses caused by wild carnivores in Maasai Steppe of northern Tanzania

    Contributor(s):: Mponzi, Batistino P., Lepczyk, Christopher A., Kissui, Bernard M.

  5. Flight distance and reaction to fawn handling are greater in high- than in low-ranked pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus) females

    Contributor(s):: Ungerfeld, R., Morales-Pineyrua, J. T., Freitas-de-Melo, A.

    The flight distance from humans and the reaction of the mother to human handling of their offspring are measures that can be used to assess the quality of the human-animal relationship which could vary according to animals' position in a group. The objective was to determine if the flight...

  6. Hormonal and behavioural stress responses to capture and radio-collar fitting in free-ranging pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus)

    Contributor(s):: Munerato, M. S., Marques, J. A., Caulkettt, N. A., Tomas, W. M., Zanetti, E. S., Trovati, R. G., Pereira, G. T., Palme, R.

    This study evaluated the short-term hormonal and behavioural responses to capture and radio-collar fitting in free-ranging pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus). Twenty adult deer (eleven females and nine males) were captured in the South Pantanal wetland (Brazil) and equipped with VHF...

  7. Condensed tannins reduce browsing and increase grazing time of free-ranging goats in semi-arid savannas

    Contributor(s):: Mkhize, N. R., Heitkonig, I. M. A., Scogings, P. F., Dziba, L. E., Prins, H. H. T., Boer, W. F. de

    Tannin concentrations fluctuate spatially and temporally within and among plant species, with consequences for forage quality of herbivores. The extent to which these fluctuations influence foraging activities of goats is not fully understood. While accounting for the effects of the time of the...

  8. Density-dependent diet selection and body condition of cattle and horses in heterogeneous landscapes

    Contributor(s):: Cornelissen, P., Vulink, J. T.

    For some decades, grazing by cattle and horses is used as a management tool to achieve different nature management goals. For managers there are still questions to be answered about the effects of herbivore densities on their performance, vegetation development and biodiversity. This study...

  9. Accommodating Cattle: British Columbia 's " Wars" w ith Grasshoppers and "Wild Horses"

    Contributor(s):: Thistle, John

  10. Environmental duty of care: from ethical principle towards a code of practice for the grazing industry in Queensland (Australia)

    Contributor(s):: Greiner, R.

    Among the options of government for reducing negative environmental externalities from agriculture is the institution of a polluter statutory liability. An environmental duty of care imposes a statutory liability on agents who interact with the environment to avoid causing environmental harm....

  11. Instantaneous intake rate of free-grazing cattle as affected by herbage characteristics in heterogeneous tropical agro-pastoral landscapes

    Contributor(s):: Chirat, G., Groot, J. C. J., Messad, S., Bocquier, F., Ickowicz, A.

    Numerous territories of Sub-Saharan Africa are composed of a mosaic of very different landscape units: cropland, forest, and savannah. This spatial, but also temporal heterogeneity leads to complexity in the analysis of cattle intake behaviour. The instantaneous intake rate (IIR) is generally...

  12. Management, health, and abnormal behaviors of horses: a survey in small equestrian centers in Brazil

    Contributor(s):: Leme, D. P., Parsekian, A. B. H., Kanaan, V., Hotzel, M. J.

    Care conditions of horses housed in small equestrian establishments and the occurrence of health and behavioral problems were assessed in 197 animals. Based on questionnaires and direct observations of the animals, it was noted that 8% of all animals were fed exclusively on pasture, whereas 92%...

  13. Sward botanical composition and sward quality affect the foraging behaviour of free-range laying hens

    Contributor(s):: Breitsameter, L., Gauly, M., Isselstein, J.

    In a two-year experiment, we investigated the influence of sward plant species composition (sward type), stocking duration and state of sward degradation on the foraging behaviour of chickens. Laying hens (ISA Warren) were pastured on 15 sward types including 14 monocultures of grassland plant...

  14. Cattle habitat selection and associated habitat characteristics under free-range grazing within heterogeneous Montane rangelands of Alberta

    Contributor(s):: Kaufmann, J., Bork, E. W., Blenis, P. V., Alexander, M. J.

  15. Differential preference for ultraviolet light among captive birds from three ecological habitats

    Contributor(s):: Ross, M. R., Gillespie, K. L., Hopper, L. M., Bloomsmith, M. A., Maple, T. L.

  16. Effects of different systems of feeding supplements on time budgets of cows grazing restricted pasture allowances

    Contributor(s):: Arachchige, A. D. H., Fisher, A. D., Auldist, M. J., Wales, W. J., Jongman, E. C.

  17. Farm characteristics in Slovene wolf habitat related to attacks on sheep

    Contributor(s):: Liere, D. van, Dwyer, C., Jordan, D., Premik-Banic, A., Valencic, A., Kompan, D., Siard, N.

  18. Foraging Eurasian badgers Meles meles and the presence of cattle in pastures. Do badgers avoid cattle?

    Contributor(s):: Mullen, E. M., MacWhite, T., Maher, P. K., Kelly, D. J., Marples, N. M., Good, M.

  19. Observing lame sheep: evaluating test agreement between group-level and individual animal methods of assessment

    Contributor(s):: Phythian, C. J., Cripps, P. C., Grove-White, D., Jones, P. H., Michalopoulou, E., Duncan, J. S.

  20. Preference of beef cattle for feedlot or pasture environments

    Contributor(s):: Lee, C., Fisher, A. D., Colditz, I. G., Lea, J. M., Ferguson, D. M.