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  1. A brief note about cow lying behaviour - do cows choose left and right lying side equally?

    Contributor(s):: Forsberg, A. M., Pettersson, G., Ljungberg, T., Svennersten-Sjaunja, K.

    The factors influencing cows' lying behaviour are not fully evaluated. Most studies dealing with lying behaviour were primarily aimed at comparing different designs for the resting area and floor surfaces, while only a few studies have investigated the cows' preference of lying side. The aim of...

  2. A brief report on effects of transfer from outdoor grazing to indoor tethering and back on urinary cortisol and behaviour in dairy cattle

    Contributor(s):: Higashiyama, Y., Nashiki, M., Narita, H., Kawasaki, M.

    The present study was performed to investigate the effects of transferring cattle (n=7) from pasture to indoor confinement and their return to pasture on their physiological and behavioural responses. On the day after the cows were moved to indoor tethering, urinary cortisol increased...

  3. A method for assessing the relative sociability of individuals within groups: an example with grazing sheep

    | Contributor(s):: Sibbald, A. M., Elston, D. A., Smith, D. J. F., Erhard, H. W.

    We describe a method for quantifying relative sociability within a group of animals, which is defined as the tendency to be close to others within the group and based on the identification of nearest neighbours. The method is suitable for groups of animals in which all individuals are visible and...

  4. A method for quantification of jaw movements suitable for use on free-ranging cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Matsui, K., Okubo, T.

    A data-logging system for the simultaneous measurement of the J-J interval (the interval between two successive jaw movements), the number of jaw movements and the number of pauses between jaw movements longer than 3 s was developed and tested in free-ranging cattle. The system, which consists of...

  5. A modeling approach for estimating seasonal dietary preferences of goats in a Mediterranean Quercus frainetto–Juniperus oxycedrus woodland

    | Contributor(s):: Manousidis, T., Malesios, C., Kyriazopoulos, A. P., Parissi, Z. M., Abraham, E. M., Abas, Z.

    Goats are characterized as selective feeders due to their specific feeding behavior, thus the study of their seasonal preferences in a Mediterranean oak-juniper ecosystem is of great interest. The current research was conducted in an open oak forest in Megalo Dereio region, northeastern Greece...

  6. A new ambulatory data logger for a long-term determination of grazing and rumination behaviour on free-ranging cattle, sheep and goats

    | Contributor(s):: Matsui, K.

    A new ambulatory data logger, which simultaneously records the number of jaw movements and number of pauses between jaw movements longer than 3 s min-1, was developed and tested using cattle, sheep and goats. Since this apparatus was more simple, light-weight and compact than previously developed...

  7. A note on changes in ingestive behaviour of sheep following shearing

    | Contributor(s):: Arnold, G. W.

    The grazing behaviour and herbage intake of sheep grazing at 4 stocking rates were recorded before and after shearing in winter. Following shearing, grazing time was reduced but intake of OM/h increased at all stocking rates even though the amount of feed available was very low at the highest...

  8. A note on diet selection by goats on a semi-arid temperate rangeland throughout the year

    | Contributor(s):: Ricardi, C., Shimada, A.

    A descriptive study and an experiment assessed the selectivity of goats on restricted grazing on a semi-arid temperate rangeland. In 1987 a mixed-breed herd was monitored once a week for 16 consecutive weeks from April to July. In April, July and October of 1989, and January of 1990, the same...

  9. A note on eating behaviour of dairy cows at different stocking systems - diurnal rhythm and effects of ambient temperature

    | Contributor(s):: Taweel, H. Z., Tas, B. M., Smit, H. J., Tamminga, S., Elgersma, A.

    This experiment was aimed at studying the diurnal rhythm of dairy cows eating behaviour at different stocking systems, and quantifying the effect of daily ambient temperature on this diurnal rhythm. In two experiments carried out in the summer of 2003 in The Netherlands, eight dairy cows were...

  10. A note on increased intake in lambs through diversity in food flavor

    | Contributor(s):: Distel, R. A., Rodriguez Iglesias, R. M., Arroquy, J., Merino, J.

    Because preferences for food flavor decline during and after a meal, intake could be increased by offering the same food in different flavors simultaneously. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of offering the same hay with different flavors on forage intake by lambs....

  11. A note on the effect of recording frequency on the estimation of grazing time of cattle and sheep

    | Contributor(s):: Smith, H. K., Hodgson, J.

  12. A note on the relationship between time spent in turnout and behaviour during turnout in horses ( Equus caballus )

    | Contributor(s):: Chaya, L., Cowan, E., McGuire, B.

    We examined if time spent in turnout influenced behaviour during turnout for horses maintained in stalls and given either 2 h/week (n=7) or 12 h/week (n=7) of turnout. Horses turned out for 2 h/week were more likely than those turned out for 12 h/week to trot, canter, and buck. Frequency of...

  13. A note on using electronic identification technology to measure the motivation of sheep to obtain resources at pasture

    | Contributor(s):: Champion, R. A., Cook, J. E., Rook, A. J., Rutter, S. M.

    Electronic animal identification was used to register when sheep moved from one place to another. Non-return gates were used to control the direction of travel of the sheep past electronic identification antennas at the boundary between two areas. A personal computer program was written to...

  14. A review of historically significant publications from German speaking countries concerning the behaviour of domestic farm animals

    | Contributor(s):: Sambraus, H. H.

    German language publications up to and including 1958 which concerned the behaviour of domestic farm animals are reviewed. The subjects covered include behaviour of cows on different grazing systems, and eating habits in cattle.

  15. A review of mulesing and other methods to control flystrike (cutaneous myiasis) in sheep

    | Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C.

    Flystrike (cutaneous myiasis) in sheep has the potential to have a major impact on the welfare of significant numbers of sheep worldwide, but particularly in Australia. The main control method used in Australia, the mulesing operation to remove folds of skin from the hindquarters of the sheep, is...

  16. A review of range production and management extension activities in Kenya

    | Contributor(s):: Maranga, E. K.

    The paper presents an overview of the development of range management extension activities in Kenya. The status quo of range management activities is discussed with particular reference to extension infrastructure, scope of extension interventions and mechanisms of dissemination of these...

  17. A study of the investigatory behavior of the dairy cow

    | Contributor(s):: Nielsen, M. A., Luescher, U. A.

    A commission to investigate the possible ingestion by dairy cattle of air-dropped wildlife baits for vaccination against sylvatic rabies provided an opportunity for a detailed study of bovine investigatory behaviour. Twelve unarmed baits (half of which were placed in a bag with live slurry...

  18. A systematic review o f the potential uses of on-animal sensors to monitor the welfare of sheep evaluated using the Five Domains Model as a framework

    | Contributor(s):: Fogarty, E. S., Swain, D. L., Cronin, G. M., Trotter, M.

  19. A technique in the study of aggregative behaviour of sheep

    | Contributor(s):: Grassia, A.

  20. A test for measuring individual variation in how far grazing animals will move away from a social group to feed

    | Contributor(s):: Sibbald, A. M., Erhard, H. W., Hooper, R. J., Dumont, B., Boissy, A.

    This paper describes a test for gregarious grazing animals, which measures trade-offs between feeding and social companionship. Four groups of 10 female Scottish Blackface sheep were used for the study and bowls containing food pellets were used to draw individuals away from the group. The sheep...