A pilot study on the effects of a change in behavioural management on the behaviour of captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)
Contributor(s):: Kranendonk, Godelieve, Schippers, Eva P.
The debate on the use of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) in biomedical research has been ongoing for several years now. In 2012, the decision was made to retire a large number of laboratory chimpanzees in the United States of America. Relocation of these animals to sanctuaries, rescue centres, and...
The pig's nose and its role in dominance relationships and harmful behaviour
Contributor(s):: Camerlink, I., Turner, S. P.
Affiliative behaviour may have an essential role in many behavioural processes. Gently nosing between group members occurs in almost all social behavioural processes of pigs (Sus scrofa), but the reasons for its performance are unclear. We examined whether nosing between pigs was related to...
Social licking in dairy cattle—Effects on heart rate in performers and receivers
Contributor(s):: Laister, Simone, Stockinger, Barbara, Regner, Anna-Maria, Zenger, Karin, Knierim, Ute, Winckler, Christoph
Using heart rate (HR) measurements we investigated whether potential calming effects of social licking were evident for both active (performers) and passive (receivers) licking partners. A HR decline was assumed to indicate relaxation and thus the experience of positive emotions. Effects of the...
Can access to an automated grooming brush and/or a mirror reduce stress of dairy cows kept in social isolation?
Contributor(s):: Mandel, Roi, Wenker, Margret L., van Reenen, Kees, Keil, Nina M., Hillmann, Edna
In dairy farming, social isolation of cattle is commonly practiced for husbandry procedures such as artificial insemination, claw trimming and at times, for provision of medical treatment. When isolated, cows express physiological and behavioural signs of stress, such as elevated heart rate,...
Re-direction of maternal behaviour in dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Mandel, Roi, Nicol, Christine J.
In the milk producing industry, most aspects of maternal behaviour are discouraged, but milk production is actively maintained in the absence of the calf. The process of milk let down, is mediated, at least partly, by oxytocin, which has been shown to play a central role in facilitating maternal...
Effect of environmental enrichment and composition of the social group on the behavior, welfare, and relative brain weight of growing rabbits
Contributor(s):: Bozicovich, Thais F. M., Moura, Ana Silvia A. M. T., Fernandes, Simone, Oliveira, Aline A., Siqueira, Edson R. Siqueira
The objective of the study was to investigate if environmental enrichment and the composition of the social group would affect the behavior and relative brain weight of growing rabbits. Rabbits (72 males and 72 females) were assigned to cages with or without enrichment and one of three social...
Important role of dominance in allogrooming behaviour in beef cattle
Contributor(s):: Šárová, Radka, Gutmann, Anke Kristina, Špinka, Marek, Stěhulová, Ilona, Winckler, Christoph
In domestic cattle, the relationship between dominance and allogrooming behaviour has been investigated in several studies. However, the results do not show a consistent pattern. The aim of this study was to investigate this relationship in a stable female beef cattle herd using social network...
Use of a mechanical brush by dairy cows with chorioptic mange
Contributor(s):: Moncada, Ana C., Neave, Heather W., von Keyserlingk, Marina A. G., Weary, Daniel M.
Mechanical brushes allow cows to groom. Mange is common in indoor-housed cattle, and this affliction may affect cow motivation to use a mechanical brush. The aim of this study was to assess changes in dairy cow motivation to use a brush in relation to signs of mange, and before and after the...
The sickness response at and before clinical diagnosis of spontaneous bovine respiratory disease
Contributor(s):: Toaff-Rosenstein, Rachel L., Tucker, Cassandra B.
Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is often diagnosed in feedlots after observing behavioral changes such as anorexia, with fever confirmatory. However, this method has poor diagnostic accuracy compared to postmortem lung lesions. Little is known about how these or other sickness responses such as...
Behaviour, wounds, weight loss and adrenal weight of rabbit does as affected by semi-group housing
Contributor(s):: Buijs, S., Maertens, L., Hermans, K., Vangeyte, J., Tuyttens, F. A. M.
Group housing is often assumed to improve the welfare of gregarious species. Whether this is actually the case depends on the advantages (e.g. more opportunity for social and locomotor behaviour) and disadvantages (e.g. increased fighting and wounding) induced by the specific housing type. We...
Hair plucking in captive bonobos ( Pan paniscus)
Contributor(s):: Brand, C. M., Marchant, L. F.
Both wild and captive studies of grooming in non-human primates emphasize the adaptive role of this behavior. Indeed, social grooming is frequently characterized as "social glue" in the life of primates. Grooming behavior is studied to reveal dominance, kin relations, and social networks. Many...
Oct 23 2015
Pittsburgh Pet Expo
Identifying environmental and management factors that may be associated with the quality of life of kennelled dogs ( Canis familiaris)
Contributor(s):: Kiddie, J., Collins, L.
This paper describes the use of a validated quality of life assessment tool (described elsewhere) to identify environmental and management factors that may affect quality of life in dogs kennelled in rehoming centres. Dogs were allocated to one of the four treatment groups, all of which had a...
Apr 25 2015
Phoenix Pet Expo
The effect of nursing on the cow-calf bond
Contributor(s):: Johnsen, J. F., Passille, A. M. de, Mejdell, C. M., Boe, K. E., Grondahl, A. M., Beaver, A., Rushen, J., Weary, D. M.
Dairy calves are often separated from the cow soon after birth and prevented from nursing, but little is known about the effects of nursing on the development of the cow-calf bond. This study evaluated the effect of nursing on affiliative behaviours between the dam and her calf including...
The power of automated behavioural homecage technologies in characterizing disease progression in laboratory mice: a review
Contributor(s):: Richardson, C. A.
Behavioural changes that occur as animals become sick have been characterized in a number of species and include the less frequent occurrence of 'luxury behaviours' such as playing, grooming and socialization. 'Sickness behaviours' or behavioural changes following exposure to infectious agents,...
The Life of Words
Contributor(s):: Dio, Colette
Social housing of non-human primates in a research facility: socialisation across macaque species and sexes
Contributor(s):: Rehrig, A., DiVincenti, L., Jr., Schery, L. A.
Refinement of social housing practices is paramount to improving animal welfare in laboratory environments, especially with regard to non-human primates. Even though social housing of the same species should be considered the optimal paradigm, cynomolgus ( Macaca fascicularis) and rhesus macaques...
Washing the dog reduces dog allergen levels, but the dog needs to be washed twice a week
out of 5 stars
Contributor(s):: Tessa Hodson, Adnan Custovic, Angela Simpson, Martin Chapman, Ashley Woodcock, Rosalind Green
Background: Many asthmatic patients allergic to dogs refuse to part with their dog, and it is essential to develop techniques for lowering exposure with a dog in the home. Objective: This study investigated the effect of dog washing on the subsequent recovery of Can f 1 from...
Friends for Folks
Contributor(s):: Clayton, Susan L.