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  1. Associations between milk intake and activity in the first days of a calf's life and later growth and health

    Contributor(s):: Passille, A. M. de, Rabeyrin, M., Rushen, J.

    We examined whether calves' milk intake and activity in the days after birth predict later growth and the risk of illness. Female Holstein calves ( n=130) were housed in individual pens where they were allowed ad libitum milk from birth to 5 days of age. Daily milk intakes were recorded and...

  2. Long-term effects of straw blocks in pens with finishing pigs and the interaction with boar type

    Contributor(s):: Bulens, A., Beirendonck, S. van, Thielen, J. van, Buys, N., Driessen, B.

    This study verified the effect of straw blocks on the behavior and growth of finishing pigs and possible interactions with the genetic background (boar type). A total of 359 finishing pigs, which were offspring from different boar types, were housed in gender-mixed pens with slatted floors. Half...

  3. Neonatal piglets are able to differentiate more productive from less productive teats

    Contributor(s):: Devillers, N., Giraud, D., Farmer, C.

    A previously-validated method to induce variation in milk production between teats of the same udder that is not related to the ante-posterior location of the teat was used. In the first lactation, over half of the sows' teats (teats 1, 2, 5, 6, and 7 from 1 side of the udder, and teats 3, 4, and...

  4. Animal welfare around the world: examining the role the economy has on animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Olivia J. Thornton

    Every person has a different perspective from which he or she views animals. For some, an animal is almost human-like; for others, animals are a means to an end; for most people, their beliefs fall somewhere between these two extremes. Animals may be viewed as pets by some and...

  5. Mate choice, maternal investment and implications for ostrich welfare in a farming environment

    Contributor(s):: Bonato, M., Cherry, M. I., Cloete, S. W. P.

    At present, the ostrich industry is inefficient, on account of being characterised by inadequate egg production, high embryo mortality, poor chick survival and suboptimal growth rates. However, as ostrich farming commenced only in the mid 19th century in South Africa, farmed ostriches have had a...

  6. A Qualitative Overview of the Health Insurance Market for Pets

    Contributor(s):: Paul, David P., III, Skiba, Michaeline

  7. Environmental complexity and use of space in slow growing free range chickens

    Contributor(s):: Rodriguez-Aurrekoetxea, A., Leone, E. H., Estevez, I.

    Production environments for meat poultry are generally bi-dimensional open areas where birds tend to cluster along the walls. We investigated the impact of increasing environmental complexity (EC) on slow-growing free-range chickens raised under commercial conditions. The study was conducted in...

  8. A comparison of welfare outcomes for weaner and mature Bos indicus bulls surgically or tension band castrated with or without analgesia: 1. Behavioural responses

    Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C., Small, A. H., Mayer, D. G., Colditz, I. G., Ferguson, D. M., Stafford, K. J.

    Tension-band castration of cattle is gaining favour because it is relatively simple to perform and is promoted by retailers of the devices as a humane castration method. Furthermore, retailers encourage delaying castration to exploit the superior growth rates of bulls compared with steers. Two...

  9. Out of sight or in too deep: effect of visual barriers and water depth on agonistic behaviour and growth in hatchling saltwater crocodiles ( Crocodylus porosus)

    Contributor(s):: Brien, M. L., Gienger, C. M., Webb, G. J., McGuinness, K., Christian, K. A.

    This study tests the role of visual barriers and water depth on levels of agonistic behaviour and growth in hatchling Crocodylus porosus within the first 3 weeks of life. Ninety-six individuals from four separate clutches hatched over 2 days were divided across three treatments containing two...

  10. Review of human-animal interactions and their impact on animal productivity and welfare

    Contributor(s):: Idrus, Zulkifli

    Humans and animals are in regular and at times close contact in modern intensive farming systems. The quality of human-animal interactions can have a profound impact on the productivity and welfare of farm animals. Interactions by humans may be neutral, positive or negative in nature. Regular...

  11. The preference of 0+ and 2+ gilthead seabream Sparus aurata for coloured substrates or no-substrate

    Contributor(s):: Batzina, A., Sotirakoglou, K., Karakatsouli, N.

    A major component of animal welfare is to provide for the behavioural and psychological needs of captive animals. A means to estimate these needs is preference tests. However, what an animal chooses may not prove to be beneficial for its long-term health and welfare. The long-term effect (for...

  12. Early experiences modulate stress coping in a population of German shepherd dogs

    Contributor(s):: Foyer, P., Wilsson, E., Wright, D., Jensen, P.

  13. Measuring chronic social tension in groups of growing pigs using inter-individual distances

    Contributor(s):: Turner, S. P., Nath, M., Horgan, G. W., Edwards, S. A.

  14. The effects of the light regimen imposed during lactation on the performance and behaviour of sows and their litters

    Contributor(s):: Simitzis, P. E., Veis, D., Demiris, N., Charismiadou, M. A., Ayoutanti, A., Deligeorgis, S. G.

  15. Growth and Age at Reproductive Maturity of the Carolina Pigmy Rattlesnake, Sistrurus m. miliarius (Reptilia: Serpentes)

    Contributor(s):: Kevin Robert Messenger

    Growth and age at reproductive maturity are life history attributes that play an important role in the development of proper management strategies. The Carolina Pigmy Rattlesnake, Sistrurus m. miliarius, is one of two dwarf rattlesnake species. The subspecies ranges from eastern NC to nearly the...

  16. The ecology of the peaks of otter salamander (Plethodon Hubrichti) in sympatry with the eastern red-backed salamander (Plethodon Cinereus)

    Contributor(s):: Norman Reichenbach, Andrew Kniowski

    The Peaks of Otter Salamander, Plethodon hubrichti, is found along a 19 km length of the Blue Ridge Mountains, Virginia, USA, often in sympatry with the Eastern Red-backed Salamander, P. cinereus. In a sympatric area of Bedford County, Virginia, we conducted a mark-recapture study on a 10 × 10 m...

  17. Conservation implications of dietary dilution from debris ingestion: sublethal effects in post-hatchling loggerhead sea turtles

    Contributor(s):: Shannon J. McCauley, Karen A. Bjomdal

    Ingestion of anthropogenic debris by marine species has been documented extensively; fewer studies have attempted to quantify the sublethal effects caused by debris ingestion. One potential sublethal effect is reduced nutrient gains from diets diluted by consumption of debris. Post-hatchling and...

  18. Breeding for better welfare: genetic goals for broiler chickens and their parents

    Contributor(s):: Dawkins, M. S., Layton, R.

  19. Dominance and growth of Diplodus sargus (Pisces: Sparidae) in small captive groups

    Contributor(s):: Goncalves, A. R., Sousa, L. C. de, Almada, V. C.

  20. Effect of fasting on self-feeding activity in juvenile sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax)

    Contributor(s):: Benhaim, D., Begout, M. L., Pean, S., Brisset, B., Leguay, D., Chatain, B.