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  1. Factors Influencing the Movement of Livestock Guardian Dogs in the Edwards Plateau of Texas: Implications for Efficacy, Behavior, and Territoriality

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: John M. Tomeček, Justin T. French, John W. Walker, Nova J. Silvy, Nicholas A. Bromen

    Livestock guardian dog (Canis lupus familiaris; LGD) breeds of domestic dog worldwide provide a degree of control over predation losses. The application of LGDs as a wildlife damage management tool evolved as a cultural practice in the Old World. In the 1970s, this tool emerged in North...

  2. The tail wagging the dog: positive attitude towards livestock guarding dogs do not mitigate pastoralists' opinions of wolves or grizzly bears

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Daniel Kinka, Julie K. Young

    While the re-establishment of grizzly bears (Ursus arctos) and wolves (Canis lupus) in the American West marks a success for conservation, it has been contentious among pastoralists. Coincidentally, livestock guarding dogs (LGDs; Canis familiaris) have been widely adopted by producers of...

  3. Attitude toward Companion and Guard Dogs in Hawaii: Health and Welfare Implications

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lynn Morrison, Julie Ann Luiz Adrian, Marina Kelley, Johana Hill, Zachariah Tman, Dana-lynn Ko'omoa-Lange

    The island of Hawaii exhibits extremes in dog welfare ranging from dogs as family members to dogs used as commodities, either as guard or hunting dogs, with many lacking appropriate care. This study offers a preliminary exploration of people’s attitudes toward companion and noncompanion...

  4. Coexistence of diversified dog socialities and territorialities in the city of Concepcion, Chile

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Miternique, H. C., Gaunet, F.

    There has been scant research on the presence of stray dogs in cities. Studying their very considerable presence in Concepción (Chile) provided a unique opportunity to learn more about the different patterns of sociality and territoriality exhibited by the dog species. Via a set of case...

  5. Farm characteristics in Slovene wolf habitat related to attacks on sheep

    | Contributor(s):: van Liere, Diederik, Dwyer, Cathy, Jordan, Dušanka, Premik-Banič, Andrea, Valenčič, Aleš, Kompan, Drago, Siard, Nataša

    We aimed to characterize differences between sheep farms in wolf habitat in Slovenia that either suffered from wolf attacks (n=30) or not (n=30) during the pasture seasons 2008–2010. Main pasture season was from April until November. Median fenced pastures were 2.7ha and herd size was 93 sheep....

  6. Introducing Livestock-Guarding Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Jay R. Lorenz

    Livestock-guarding dogs are one of a variety of tools that sheep and goat producers are finding effective for preventing livestock losses to predators. Guarding dogs are used alone or in combination with other controls to keep predators out of flocks and herds.

  7. Breed characteristics of abandoned and lost dogs in the Czech Republic

    | Contributor(s):: Voslarova, E., Zak, J., Vecerek, V., Bedanova, I.

    Records on sheltered dogs were collected from 3 municipal dog shelters situated in different regions of the Czech Republic from 2010 to 2013. A total of 3,875 dogs were analyzed in this study. Among these, 1,614 dogs were subsequently reclaimed (lost dogs) and 2,261 dogs were abandoned and...

  8. An Osteological Analysis of 18th Century Dog Burials at the Williamsburg Public Amoury

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katherine R. Wagner

    Excavations at Anderson’s Armoury in Colonial Williamsburg revealed six dog burials dating to the last quarter of the 18th century. The position of the dogs near a large sawpit, containing the articulated remains of roosters, a duck, and a cat, suggest that these dogs may have been...

  9. Using livestock guardian dogs in Balkans

    | Contributor(s):: Yilmaz, O., Erturk, Y. E., Coskun, F., Ertugrul, M.

    Aim of this paper to review livestock guardian dogs in Balkan countries. Balkans consist of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Slovenia, Serbia, and Turkey. In Balkans there are quite successful livestock guardian dogs including...

  10. 'Bling with bite' - the rise of status and weapon dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Harding, S.

  11. Livestock Guarding Dogs

    In the late 1970’s, there began a resurgence in the use of an ancient form of sheep protection, the guarding dog. Several factors contributed to this phenomenon, including Federal restrictions on the use of substances to kill predators, the relative inability of existing techniques to provide...

  12. Private costs of predator control in New Mexico in 1983

    | Contributor(s):: Gary A. Littauer, Ronald J. White, David Carroll Hall

    A survey was conducted by the New Mexico Department of Agriculture in early 1984 to determine costs incurred by livestock producers to control predation on livestock during 1983. Out of a sample of 1,848 producers who were sent questionnaires, 706 (38%) usable responses were returned. The...

  13. Sentinels of safety: service dogs ensure safety and enhance freedom and well-being for families with autistic children

    | Contributor(s):: Burrows, K. E., Adams, C. L., Spiers, J.

    Children with autism might display unpredictable and volatile behavior that places them in considerable physical danger and creates stress for the family. Families of autistic children often have limited freedom and experience difficulty with everyday activities. In this qualitative ethology...

  14. Early prediction of adult police dog efficiency - a longitudinal study

    | Contributor(s):: Slabbert, J. M., Odendaal, J. S. J.

    At the South African Police Service Dog Breeding Centre, behaviour tests were developed specifically for police dogs to predict their efficiency as adults. The tests were carried out on 167 puppies between January 1994 and March 1996. The sample consisted of 49 different litters from 34 stud dogs...

  15. Training dogs with help of the shock collar: short and long term behavioural effects

    | Contributor(s):: Schilder, M. B. H., Borg, J. A. M. van der

    Behavioural effects of the use of a shock collar during guard dog training of German shepherd dogs were studied. Direct reactions of 32 dogs to 107 shocks showed reactions (lowering of body posture, high pitched yelps, barks and squeals, avoidance, redirection aggression, tongue flicking) that...

  16. Domination of olfaction over vision in explosives detection by dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Gazit, I., Terkel, J.

    This study examines the relative contribution of the senses of sight and smell to detection of explosives in dogs. Six sniffer dogs were required to detect explosives in a controlled (indoors) and uncontrolled (field track) environment, under both virtually dark (very low light intensity) and...

  17. Explosives detection by sniffer dogs following strenuous physical activity

    | Contributor(s):: Gazit, I., Terkel, J.

    Reduced olfactory efficiency in sniffer dogs results mainly from overheating, and causes physiological and behavioural resources to be diverted from concentration on the assigned task and applied instead to methods of body cooling. Dogs do not possess sweat glands, and panting is the main means...

  18. Apr 27 2012

    A Race to the Future to Save the Wild Cheetah

    The oldest and most unique of all the big cats in Africa, the cheetah is the fastest land mammal reaching speeds of up to 70 mph. But the cheetah is in a race for its future. Mankind has brought...

  19. Challenges to military working dog management and care in the Kuwait theater of operation

    | Contributor(s):: Toffoli, C. A., Rolfe, D. S.

    In a combat environment, troop safety and installation security are paramount. Documentation of the frequent use of explosive devices by insurgents in Southwest Asia has increased the need for augmentation of defensive capabilities. Military working dogs (MWDs) are trained and certified to...

  20. Cortisol and behavioral responses of working dogs to environmental challenges

    | Contributor(s):: Haverbeke, A., Diederich, C., Depiereux, E., Giffroy, J. M.

    This paper's primary objective is to analyse the physiological (cortisol) and behavioral responses of military working dogs (MWD). Dogs (N=27) were submitted twice to environmental challenges (challenge 1 and 2, 20 days in-between) composed of social (training), visual (mobile toy car) and...