Introducing Livestock-Guarding Dogs
Contributor(s):: Jay R. Lorenz
Livestock-guarding dogs are one of a variety of tools that sheep and goat producers are finding effective for preventing livestock losses to predators. Guarding dogs are used alone or in combination with other controls to keep predators out of flocks and herds.
Breed characteristics of abandoned and lost dogs in the Czech Republic
Contributor(s):: Voslarova, E., Zak, J., Vecerek, V., Bedanova, I.
Records on sheltered dogs were collected from 3 municipal dog shelters situated in different regions of the Czech Republic from 2010 to 2013. A total of 3,875 dogs were analyzed in this study. Among these, 1,614 dogs were subsequently reclaimed (lost dogs) and 2,261 dogs were abandoned and...
An Osteological Analysis of 18th Century Dog Burials at the Williamsburg Public Amoury
Contributor(s):: Katherine R. Wagner
Excavations at Anderson’s Armoury in Colonial Williamsburg revealed six dog burials dating to the last quarter of the 18th century. The position of the dogs near a large sawpit, containing the articulated remains of roosters, a duck, and a cat, suggest that these dogs may have been...
Using livestock guardian dogs in Balkans
Contributor(s):: Yilmaz, O., Erturk, Y. E., Coskun, F., Ertugrul, M.
Aim of this paper to review livestock guardian dogs in Balkan countries. Balkans consist of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Slovenia, Serbia, and Turkey. In Balkans there are quite successful livestock guardian dogs including...
'Bling with bite' - the rise of status and weapon dogs
Contributor(s):: Harding, S.
Livestock Guarding Dogs
In the late 1970’s, there began a resurgence in the use of an ancient form of sheep protection, the guarding dog. Several factors contributed to this phenomenon, including Federal restrictions on the use of substances to kill predators, the relative inability of existing techniques to provide...
Private costs of predator control in New Mexico in 1983
Contributor(s):: Gary A. Littauer, Ronald J. White, David Carroll Hall
A survey was conducted by the New Mexico Department of Agriculture in early 1984 to determine costs incurred by livestock producers to control predation on livestock during 1983. Out of a sample of 1,848 producers who were sent questionnaires, 706 (38%) usable responses were returned. The...
Sentinels of safety: service dogs ensure safety and enhance freedom and well-being for families with autistic children
Contributor(s):: Burrows, K. E., Adams, C. L., Spiers, J.
Children with autism might display unpredictable and volatile behavior that places them in considerable physical danger and creates stress for the family. Families of autistic children often have limited freedom and experience difficulty with everyday activities. In this qualitative ethology...
Early prediction of adult police dog efficiency - a longitudinal study
Contributor(s):: Slabbert, J. M., Odendaal, J. S. J.
At the South African Police Service Dog Breeding Centre, behaviour tests were developed specifically for police dogs to predict their efficiency as adults. The tests were carried out on 167 puppies between January 1994 and March 1996. The sample consisted of 49 different litters from 34 stud dogs...
Training dogs with help of the shock collar: short and long term behavioural effects
Contributor(s):: Schilder, M. B. H., Borg, J. A. M. van der
Behavioural effects of the use of a shock collar during guard dog training of German shepherd dogs were studied. Direct reactions of 32 dogs to 107 shocks showed reactions (lowering of body posture, high pitched yelps, barks and squeals, avoidance, redirection aggression, tongue flicking) that...
Domination of olfaction over vision in explosives detection by dogs
Contributor(s):: Gazit, I., Terkel, J.
This study examines the relative contribution of the senses of sight and smell to detection of explosives in dogs. Six sniffer dogs were required to detect explosives in a controlled (indoors) and uncontrolled (field track) environment, under both virtually dark (very low light intensity) and...
Explosives detection by sniffer dogs following strenuous physical activity
Reduced olfactory efficiency in sniffer dogs results mainly from overheating, and causes physiological and behavioural resources to be diverted from concentration on the assigned task and applied instead to methods of body cooling. Dogs do not possess sweat glands, and panting is the main means...
Apr 27 2012
A Race to the Future to Save the Wild Cheetah
Challenges to military working dog management and care in the Kuwait theater of operation
Contributor(s):: Toffoli, C. A., Rolfe, D. S.
In a combat environment, troop safety and installation security are paramount. Documentation of the frequent use of explosive devices by insurgents in Southwest Asia has increased the need for augmentation of defensive capabilities. Military working dogs (MWDs) are trained and certified to...
Cortisol and behavioral responses of working dogs to environmental challenges
Contributor(s):: Haverbeke, A., Diederich, C., Depiereux, E., Giffroy, J. M.
This paper's primary objective is to analyse the physiological (cortisol) and behavioral responses of military working dogs (MWD). Dogs (N=27) were submitted twice to environmental challenges (challenge 1 and 2, 20 days in-between) composed of social (training), visual (mobile toy car) and...
Influence of environmental factors and breed on the adaptive intelligence of dogs
Contributor(s):: Karpinski, M., Czyzowski, P., Drozd, L., Goleman, M.
This study aimed at evaluating the adaptive intelligence of different dog breeds, as well as that of multibreed hybrids, taking into account their sex, age and maintenance. 174 dogs were included in this study (81 bitches and 93 male dogs above 12 months of age). Among the studied dogs, 93 were...
Docosahexaenoic acid and neurologic development in animals
Contributor(s):: Heinemann, K. M., Bauer, J. E.
Analysis of data in puppies has revealed that feeding diets enriched in DHA to the dams during gestation and lactation and after weaning results in the accumulation of DHA in plasma lipids, which is associated with improvements in neurologic development, as indicated by the ERG response....
The use of three breeds of dog to protect rangeland sheep from predators
Contributor(s):: Green, J. S., Woodruff, R. A.
The most important predator on US rangelands is the coyote. Of the 24 dogs (11 Komondorok, 9 Great Pyrenees, 4 Akbash) reared with sheep for the trials, 7 were unsuitable for the work because of unruly behaviour and lack of attentiveness, 2 were not successfull and 3 died. In 7 of 12 trials with...
Differential vulnerability of lambs to coyote predation
Contributor(s):: Blakesley, C. S., McGrew, J. C.
Guard dogs: sleep, work and the behavioural responses to people and other stimuli
Contributor(s):: Adams, G. J., Johnson, K. G.
Sleep-wake cycles and the responses to naturally occurring stimuli were studied in 17 guard dogs; detailed video recordings were made of 10 of these dogs. The guard dogs lived permanently on-site, or were commercially owned and brought on to premises, removed before the workers started and rested...