The impact of auditory distraction on learning and task performance in working dogs
Contributor(s):: Sheldon, Elizabeth L., Hart, Carla J., Mills, Daniel S., Soulsbury, Carl D., Sumner, Rebecca, Wilkinson, Anna
Efficacy of Management Efforts to Reduce Food-Related Dingo–Human Interactions and Conflict on K’gari (Fraser Island), Australia
| Contributor(s):: Behrendorff, Linda, King, Rachel, Allen, Benjamin L.
Humans and dingoes (Canis familiaris (dingo)) share the environment of K’gari, and conflict inevitably occurs between the two species, particularly over food. Dingo attacks on humans have occurred, and some have been serious and even fatal in outcome. Wildlife feeding may cause animals to...
Refining restraint techniques for research pigs through habituation
| Contributor(s):: O'Malley, C. I., Hubley, R., Tambadou, H., Turner, P. V.
Pigs are common research models and are strong animals that can be difficult to restrain. Improper restraint can put pigs and research personnel at risk for injury and induce stress, which can affect research outcomes. This study aimed to refine restraint techniques for research pigs using...
Responsiveness of domesticated goats towards various stressors following long-term cognitive test exposure
| Contributor(s):: Rosenberger, K., Simmler, M., Langbein, J., Nawroth, C., Keil, N.
Current evidence suggests that frequent exposure to situations in which captive animals can solve cognitive tasks may have positive effects on stress responsiveness and thus on welfare. However, confounding factors often hamper the interpretation of study results. In this study, we used...
Individual differences in the behavioral responsiveness of F1 Holstein-Gyr heifers to the training for milking routine
| Contributor(s):: Paranhos da Costa, Mateus J. R., Taborda, Paula A. B., de Lima Carvalhal, Monique V., Valente, Tiago S.
The objective of this study was to assess individual differences in behavioral responses of F1 Holstein-Gyr heifers subjected to habituation protocols to humans and milking procedures. Training was divided in two phases (P1 and P2): habituation to humans (P1), and to the milking parlor and human...
The effects of acute exposure to mining machinery noise on the behaviour of eastern blue-tongued lizards (Tiliqua scincoides)
| Contributor(s):: Mancera, K. F., Murray, P., Lisle, A., Dupont, C., Faucheux, F., Phillips, C. J. C.
Use of a habituation-dishabituation paradigm to assess gilt olfaction and sensitivity to the boar pheromone
| Contributor(s):: Aviles-Rosa, Edgar O., McGlone, John J., Hall, Nathaniel J.
Olfactory stimuli have been used to reduce stress in weaning pigs and induce sexual behavior in sows. Despite the importance of olfaction in pig production and behavior, there is no simple method to assess pig olfaction. Thus, the objectives of this study were: (1) to evaluate the use of an...
The effects of three types of environmental enrichment on the behaviour of captive Javan gibbons (Hylobates moloch)
| Contributor(s):: Gronqvist, Gabriella, Kingston-Jones, Mark, May, Adam, Lehmann, Julia
Studies on a large variety of species have shown that enrichment can be successfully used to encourage natural behaviours, to decrease rates of abnormal behaviour and to improve welfare in captive animals. However, whether or not a specific enrichment device is enriching depends on the species...
Effect of pre-partum habituation to milking routine on behaviour and lactation performance of buffalo heifers
| Contributor(s):: Polikarpus, Annemari, Napolitano, Fabio, Grasso, Fernando, Di Palo, Rossella, Zicarelli, Fabio, Arney, David, De Rosa, Giuseppe
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect pre-partum habituation in the milking parlour on behaviour and lactation performance of buffalo heifers. Sixteen buffalo heifers in late gestation were used for this study. The animals, with an age ranging from 30 to 44 months at the start of...
The effect of combining different environmental enrichment materials on enrichment use by growing pigs
| Contributor(s):: Guy, Jonathan H., Meads, Zoe A., Shiel, Robert S., Edwards, Sandra A.
EU legislation requires that growing pigs are provided with suitable materials that satisfy their needs for investigation and manipulation. Although commercial pig keepers have tried a variety of different enrichment materials and methods of presentation, the benefits to the pig have not always...
Object recognition and generalisation during habituation in horses
| Contributor(s):: Christensen, Janne Winther, Zharkikh, Tatjana, Chovaux, Elodie
The ability of horses to habituate to frightening stimuli greatly increases safety in the horse–human relationship. A recent experiment suggested, however, that habituation to frightening visual stimuli is relatively stimulus-specific in horses and that shape and colour are important factors for...
Behavioural fear and heart rate responses of horses after exposure to novel objects: Effects of habituation
| Contributor(s):: Leiner, Lisa, Fendt, Markus
The emotion fear promotes the fitness of wild animals. In a farm environment, exaggerated fear, e.g., in horses, can cause several problems. Therefore, knowledge about fear in horses helps to prevent or to handle potential fear-inducing situations. The present study investigated which behavioural...
Behavioural and physiological responses of captive wombats (Lasiorhinus latifrons) to regular handling by humans
| Contributor(s):: Hogan, Lindsay A., Johnston, Stephen D., Lisle, Allan T., Keeley, Tamara, Wong, Phoenix, Nicolson, Vere, Horsup, Alan B., Janssen, Tina, Phillips, Clive J. C.
The response of animals to handling by humans has been extensively evaluated in domesticated livestock, but rarely examined in wildlife species. Twelve captive wombats (Lasiorhinus latifrons) were subjected to two treatments in a replicated design: (1) daily handling, involving 15min of tactile...
An automated positioning system for monitoring chickens' location: Effects of wearing a backpack on behaviour, leg health and production
| Contributor(s):: Stadig, Lisanne M., Rodenburg, T. Bas, Ampe, Bart, Reubens, Bert, Tuyttens, Frank A. M.
Automated tracking of the location of individual chickens is becoming more common in behavioural research. This technology has several advantages including gathering large amounts of data and monitoring of individual animals as opposed to flocks. To ensure the quality of the research the...
The application of learning theory in horse training
| Contributor(s):: McLean, Andrew N., Christensen, Janne Winther
The millennia-old practices of horse training markedly predate and thus were isolated from the mid-twentieth century revelation of animal learning processes. From this standpoint, the progress made in the application and understanding of learning theory in horse training is reviewed including a...
Loading horses (Equus caballus) onto trailers—Behaviour of horses and horse owners during loading and habituating
| Contributor(s):: Yngvesson, Jenny, de Boussard, Emelie, Larsson, Matilda, Lundberg, Anna
Horses are transported for many reasons, and loading habituation is potentially affecting animal welfare and human safety. Horses are neophobic but may be habituated and trained to perform complex behavioural tasks in novel environments. Before transporting, horses should preferably be habituated...
Attenuation of fear through social transmission in groups of same and differently aged horses
| Contributor(s):: Rørvang, Maria Vilain, Christensen, Janne Winther
Transmission of fear and attenuation of fear within groups of farm animals remain relatively unexplored, despite the importance for human and animal safety. This paper reports the results of two separate experiments, aiming to explore social transmission of habituation in horses at group level....
"A Super Wild Story": Shared Human-Pigeon Lives and the Questions They Beg
| Contributor(s):: Rautio, Pauliina
Wildlife viewing and ecotourism : ethical, scientific, and value-based considerations
| Contributor(s):: Anton D. Pitts
Management of wildlife viewing tourism, possibly as a legacy of management of hunting and trapping activities, tends to see its ultimate goal largely in terms of the sustainable human use of wildlife resources. However, where the potential impacts of human activities are non-lethal, the focus on...
American black bear-apiary conflicts in Michigan
| Contributor(s):: McKinley, Beverly K., Belant, Jerrold L., Etter, Dwayne R.