Effects of catching and transportation versus pre-slaughter handling at the abattoir on the prevalence of wing fractures in broilers
Contributor(s):: Kittelsen, K. E., Granquist, E. G., Vasdal, G., Tolo, E., Moe, R. O.
Fractures occurring in conscious broiler chickens are painful and severely compromise animal welfare. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of pre-slaughter handling procedures on the frequency of wing fractures. Wings were examined for fractures in 11,609 broilers, from 12...
How Farm Animals React and Perceive Stressful Situations Such As Handling, Restraint, and Transport
| Contributor(s):: Grandin, T., Shivley, C.
An animal that has been carefully acclimated to handling may willingly re-enter a restrainer. Another animal may have an intense agitated behavioral reaction or refuse to re-enter the handling facility. Physiological measures of stress such as cortisol may be very low in the animal that...
Restraint and Hospitalization of Cats
| Contributor(s):: Wayne H. Rizer
A cat presents a problem in handling for the small animal practitioner much as does the western steer to the rural practitioner, in that the ability of the doctor is often measured by the way the animal is handled rather than by the way the animal responds to the treatment.
The Maillard reaction and pet food processing: effects on nutritive value and pet health
| Contributor(s):: van Rooijen, Charlotte, Bosch, Guido, van der Poel, Antonius F. B., Wierenga, Peter A., Alexander, Lucille, Hendriks, Wouter H.
Stress levels in dogs, and its recognition by their handlers, during animal-assisted therapy in a prison
| Contributor(s):: Koda, N., Watanabe, G., Miyaji, Y., Ishida, A., Miyaji, C.
The stress on dogs and their handlers during animal-assisted therapy in a prison programme was evaluated using questionnaires and measurement of the dogs' saliva cortisol concentrations before and after the sessions. Their handlers were volunteers who underwent training classes with their pet...
The effects of a high-starch or high-fibre diet on equine reactivity and handling behaviour
| Contributor(s):: Bulmer, L., McBride, S., Williams, K., Murray, J. A.
Increasing performance work in the horse is often associated with a reduction in the forage ration and an increase in concentrates, usually in the form of high-starch cereal grains. This type of diet has been associated with stereotypic behaviours and health problems. High-starch diets are also...
Effects of the stockperson on dairy cow behaviour and milk yield
| Contributor(s):: Hanna, D., Sneddon, I. A., Beattie, V. E., Breuer, K.
The day-to-day management of UK leisure horses and the prevalence of owner-reported stable-related and handling behaviour problems
| Contributor(s):: Hockenhull, J., Creighton, E.
While concerns regarding the day-to-day management of domestic horses have been raised in relation to behaviour problems and welfare, most published studies have focused on the management of performance horses and less is known about the routine management of leisure horses and the prevalence of...
Young Blond d'Aquitaine, Angus and Limousin bulls differ in emotional reactivity: relationships with animal traits, stress reactions at slaughter and post-mortem muscle metabolism
| Contributor(s):: Bourguet, C., Deiss, V., Boissy, A., Terlouw, E. M. C.
The present study investigated relationships between reactivity during tests, stress reactions at slaughter and animal traits in young Blond d'Aquitaine (BA), Limousin (LI) and Angus (AN) bulls. Behavioural and physiological reactivity of animals was evaluated during rearing using a "Human test"...
Persistency of the piglet's reactivity to the handler following a previous positive or negative experience
| Contributor(s):: Brajon, S., Laforest, J. P., Bergeron, R., Tallet, C., Hotzel, M. J., Devillers, N.
A central question in the stockman-animal relationship is how animals perceive humans depending on previous interactions with them. This study aimed at measuring the influence of a previous experience with humans on subsequent reactivity to humans of weaned piglets. Treatments differing in type...
Playful handling of laboratory rats is more beneficial when applied before than after routine injections
| Contributor(s):: Cloutier, S., Wahl, K. L., Panksepp, J., Newberry, R. C.
The ability of positive affective states to counteract negative states engendered by routine medical procedures remains poorly studied. In laboratory rats, positive affect typically associated with rough-and-tumble play can be induced through human "hand play" - the experience of being "tickled"...
Early human handling in non-weaned piglets: effects on behaviour and body weight
| Contributor(s):: Oliveira, D. de, Costa, M. J. R. P. da, Zupan, M., Rehn, T., Keeling, L. J.
Early handling of animals including tactile stimulation (TS) has been shown to have beneficial effects on the physical and psychological development of species where considerable maternal interaction, e.g. in the form of licking, already occurs. But little is known about the magnitude of these...
United States War Dogs and Their Handlers, 1944-1945
| Contributor(s):: Gero, Anthony, Milligan, Edward
Assessment of key parameters for gunshot used on cattle: a pilot study on shot placement and effects of diverse ammunition on isolated cattle heads
| Contributor(s):: Schiffer, K. J., Retz, S. K., Richter, U., Algers, B., Hensel, O.
There have been many improvements regarding transport conditions, pre-slaughter handling, and captive-bolt stunning of cattle at commercial abattoirs, but many challenges still exist. Animals unaccustomed to human-animal contact, such as free-range beef cattle, may be especially difficult to...
Backyard poultry raising in Bangladesh: a valued resource for the villagers and a setting for zoonotic transmission of avian influenza. A qualitative study
| Contributor(s):: Sultana, R., Nahar, N., Rimi, N. A., Azad, S., Islam, M. S., Gurley, E. S., Luby, S. P.
Can ambient sound reduce distress in piglets during weaning and restraint?
| Contributor(s):: Cloutier, S., Weary, D. M., Fraser, D.
This study monitored the vocal responses of piglets, as indicators of well-being, to evaluate the effect of various sounds played during 2 simulations of stressful farm procedures: (a) the 5 min the animals were held as if for castration and (b) the first 20 h after weaning. The sound treatments...
Handling, electric goad, and head restraint: effects on calves' behavior
| Contributor(s):: Goonewardene, L. A., Price, M. A., Stookey, J. M., Day, P. A., Minchau, G.
96 weaned calves (48 bulls and 48 heifers) were allocated in a 2 x 2 x 2 arrangement to 3 treatments each with 2 levels: calves handled every 10 days or 20 days; an electric goad used or not used; and head gate restrained or not restrained. Behaviour responses were measured by 5 incremental...
Habituating antelope and bison to cooperate with veterinary procedures
| Contributor(s):: Grandin, T.
Wild animals with an excitable temperament frequently sustain injuries when handled for veterinary procedures such as blood sampling or injections. Both bison and antelope may become agitated when they are restrained, often resulting in broken horns. Also, antelope may panic when restraint is...
Training large macaws for artificial insemination procedures
| Contributor(s):: Leblanc, F., Pothet, G., Jalme, M. S., Dorval, M., Bovet, D.
For some endangered parrot species, captive breeding may be the only insurance for their survival. However, many individuals in captivity do not reproduce. Artificial insemination (AI) may help overcome reproductive failures or geographic distance. For semen collection in birds, massage is the...
Hydration state of goats transported by road for 12 hours during the hot-dry conditions and the modulating role of ascorbic acid
| Contributor(s):: Minka, S. N., Ayo, J. O.
This study investigated the effects of 12 hr of road transportation during the hot-dry conditions and the modulating role of ascorbic acid (AA) on the hydration state of goats. Twenty goats who served as treatment goats received oral administration of 100 mg/kg body weight of AA, whereas another...