A comparison of handling methods relevant to the religious slaughter of sheep
Contributor(s):: Bates, L. S. W., Ford, E. A., Brown, S. N., Richards, G. J., Hadley, P. J., Wotton, S. B., Knowles, T. G.
Legislation governing non-stun slaughter of sheep in England requires that they are individually and mechanically restrained for slaughter and not moved for at least 20 s post neck cut, until unconsciousness or insensibility occurs. Complying with the need for individual handling, in what is a...
A conceptual model of the human-animal relationships dynamics during newborn handling on cow-calf operation farms
Contributor(s):: Costa, F. de O., Valente, T. S., Toledo, L. M. de, Ambrosio, L. A., Campo, M. del, Costa, M. J. R. P. da
A field assessment of the effect of pre-slaughter conditions and genetic-stress susceptibility on blood welfare indicators in pigs
Contributor(s):: Guardia, M. D., Estany, J., Alvarez-Rodriguez, J., Manteca, X., Tor, M., Oliver, M. A., Gispert, M., Diestre, A.
A happier rat pack: The impacts of tickling pet store rats on human-animal interactions and rat welfare
Contributor(s):: LaFollette, Megan R., O’Haire, Marguerite E., Cloutier, Sylvie, Gaskill, Brianna N.
Rats find initial interactions with humans frightening, which can lead to negative affect, and poor welfare. A handling technique called "tickling", which mimics rat rough-and-tumble play, can be used to reduce these negative effects. When tickled, rats produce 50 kilohertz (kHz) ultrasonic...
A non-intrusive method of assessing plumage condition in commercial flocks of laying hens
Contributor(s):: Bright, A., Jones, T. A., Dawkins, M. S.
A note on the effect of handling quality prior to mixing on behaviour at mixing in pigs
Contributor(s):: Mendl, M., Young, S., Lawrence, A. B.
Previous research has raised the possibility that levels of aggression between pigs may be influenced by their state of arousal and excitement at the time of mixing. This may, in turn, be affected by factors such as the way in which pigs are handled prior to mixing. We attempted the first...
A note: the effects of human handling on heart girth, behaviour and milk quality in dairy goats
Contributor(s):: Jackson, K. M. A., Hackett, D.
Research on cattle, lambs and pigs suggests that when animals do not receive positive physical attention ("gentling") from their stockpersons, they become fearful, stressed, less productive, and less healthy overall. The purpose of this experiment was to examine the effects that positive human...
A preliminary study of the effects of handling type on horses' emotional reactivity and the human-horse relationship
Contributor(s):: Fureix, C., Pages, M., Bon, R., Lassalle, J. M., Kuntz, P., Gonzalez, G.
A review of the human–horse relationship
Contributor(s):: Martine Hausberger, Hélène Rochea, Séverine Henrya, E. Kathalijne Visser
Despite a long history of human–horse relationship, horse-related incidents and accidents do occur amongst professional and non professional horse handlers. Recent studies show that their occurrence depend more on the frequency and amount of interactions with horses than on the level of...
A Survey of Rabbit Handling Methods Within the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland
Contributor(s):: Oxley, James Andrew, Ellis, Clare Frances, McBride, E. Anne, McCormick, Wanda Denise
Rabbits are commonly kept in a variety of settings, including homes, laboratories, and veterinary clinics. Despite the popularity of keeping this prey species, little research has investigated current methods of handling. The aim of this study was to examine the experience of caregivers (owners...
A tool for the evaluation of slaughter horse welfare during unloading
Contributor(s):: Messori, S., Visser, E. K., Buonanno, M., Ferrari, P., Barnard, S., Borciani, M., Ferri, N.
This study aimed to develop a scientific and practical tool to be used to assess horse welfare after commercial transport over long journeys. A set of physical, behavioural and environmental measures was selected, covering welfare aspects of both transport and unloading procedures. The protocol...
Adrenocorticotrophin-induced stress response in captive vicunas ( Vicugna vicugna ) in the Andes of Chile
Contributor(s):: Bonacic, C., Macdonald, D. W., Villouta, G.
The vicuna is mainly used in two ways: wild captured, shorn and returned to the wild; or wild captured and maintained in captivity as part of a programme of sustainable use in the Andes of South America. Farming of wild vicunas has hitherto involved no assessment of their welfare. In this study a...
Aggression in replacement grower and finisher gilts fed a short-term high-tryptophan diet and the effect of long-term human-animal interaction
| Contributor(s):: Poletto, R., Meisel, R. L., Richert, B. T., Cheng, H. W., Marchant-Forde, J. N.
Aggression can be a major problem for swine production as it negatively impacts the pigs' health and welfare. Increasing tryptophan (TRP) intake to raise brain serotonin (5-HT) - key for aggression control, and long-term positive social handling can reduce stress in pigs. Objective was to...
An assessment of laboratory mouse welfare in UK animal units
| Contributor(s):: Leach, M. C., Main, D. C. J.
The welfare of conventional stock laboratory mice has been assessed in 46 UK animal units using an expert-defined welfare assessment protocol containing 119 measures of mouse welfare. These were recorded using a questionnaire and observations made during a one-day visit to each unit. The standard...
An observational cohort study of the effects of catching method on carcase rejection rates in broilers
| Contributor(s):: Ekstrand, C.
The carcass rejection rates in relation to manual and mechanical catching were compared at a poultry abattoir in Sweden following a change of loading and unloading systems in October 1995. Data were collected during 3 periods; October to December, January to March and April to June. The number of...
An overview of the dog-human dyad and ethograms within it
| Contributor(s):: McGreevy, P. D., Starling, M., Branson, N. J., Cobb, M. L., Calnon, D.
This article reviews the literature on the complex and variable nature of the dog-human dyad and describes the influence of terms such as "dominance" on attitudes that humans have toward dogs. It highlights a legacy of tension between ethology and psychology and notes that some practitioners have...
Animal handling and stress-related behaviour at mobile slaughter of cattle
| Contributor(s):: Hultgren, J., Arvidsson Segerkvist, K., Berg, C., Karlsson, A. H., Algers, B.
By avoiding animal transportation, mobile slaughter may have the potential to reduce animal stress. In a cross-sectional study with elements of cohort design, we investigated relationships between animal handling and stress-related animal behaviours in connection with slaughter at two Swedish...
Animal welfare in the U.S. slaughter industry-a focus on fed cattle
| Contributor(s):: Edwards-Callaway, L. N., Calvo-Lorenzo, M. S.
Anxiolytic drugs inhibit hyperthermia induced by handling in farmed silver foxes ( Vulpes vulpes )
| Contributor(s):: Moe, R. O., Bakken, M.
Eighteen silver fox vixens were divided into 3 equal groups and injected i.m with either diazepam (5 mg/kg) or buspirone (10 mg/kg), or sterile saline (control). Foxes were handled before and at 90 min after injection. Rectal temperature (Trec) was measured as an indicator of stress-induced...
Are special feed and being brushed judged as positive by calves?
| Contributor(s):: Westerath, H. Schulze, Gygax, L., Hillmann, E.
In studies concerning animal welfare, especially on methods to enhance positive welfare, different stimuli are used to create positive situations or “rewards”. A positive judgement by the animals, however, cannot be assumed a priori. The aim of this study was to determine by means of preference...