Human Behaviour Change Interventions in Animal Care and Interactive Settings: A Review and Framework for Design and Evaluation
Contributor(s):: Glanville, C., Abraham, C., Coleman, G.
Handling and moving cull sows upon arrival at the slaughterhouse—Effects of small versus larger groups of sows
Contributor(s):: Herskin, Mette S., Christensen, Sanne W., Rousing, Tine
In modern pig production up to 50 % of the sows are slaughtered each year. So far, only few studies have focused on how sows are handled and moved within slaughterhouses. We examined effects of group size on the behaviour of sows and the ease of moving them from the entrance of a slaughterhouse...
Changing Human Behavior to Improve Animal Welfare: A Longitudinal Investigation of Training Laboratory Animal Personnel about Heterospecific Play or "Rat Tickling"
Contributor(s):: LaFollette, M. R., Cloutier, S., Brady, C. M., O'Haire, M. E., Gaskill, B. N.
Animal welfare in the U.S. slaughter industry-a focus on fed cattle
Contributor(s):: Edwards-Callaway, L. N., Calvo-Lorenzo, M. S.
Thermography as a Non-Invasive Measure of Stress and Fear of Humans in Sheep
| Contributor(s):: Simona Cannas, Clara Palestrini, Elisabetta Canali, Bruno Cozzi, Nicola Ferri, Eugenio Heinzl, Michela Minero, Matteo Chincarini, Giorgio Vignola, Emanuela Dalla Costa
No data have been published on the use of infrared thermography (IRT) to evaluate sheep emotions. We assessed whether this technique can be used as a non-invasive measure of negative emotions. Two voluntary animal approach (VAA) tests were conducted (and filmed) on five ewes before and after...
A Survey of Rabbit Handling Methods Within the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland
| Contributor(s):: Oxley, James Andrew, Ellis, Clare Frances, McBride, E. Anne, McCormick, Wanda Denise
Rabbits are commonly kept in a variety of settings, including homes, laboratories, and veterinary clinics. Despite the popularity of keeping this prey species, little research has investigated current methods of handling. The aim of this study was to examine the experience of caregivers (owners...
Effects of Two CO2 Stunning Methods on the Efficacy of Stunning and Blood Stress Indicators of Turkeys under Commercial Processing Conditions
| Contributor(s):: Guijarro, Angela, Mauri, Soledad, Aviles, Carmen, Peña, Francisco
The effect of CO2 gas-stunning methods (G1: 30% CO2 15 sec, 55% CO2 40 sec, 70% CO2 45 sec; G2: 30% CO2 15 sec, 80% CO2 85 sec) on the efficacy of stunning, blood stress indicators and meat quality of turkeys were assessed. A total of 375 turkeys (125 heavy males, 125 light males, and 125 light...
Rat Tickling in Pet Stores: Effects on Employees, Customers, and New Owners
| Contributor(s):: LaFollette, Megan R., Cloutier, Sylvie, Gaskill, Brianna N., O’Haire, Marguerite E.
Rat tickling is a technique used by humans with rats to mimic rough-and-tumble play, improve welfare, and reduce fear. Anecdotal information suggests that rat tickling is also beneficial for humans, yet this assertion has not been empirically validated. We hypothesized that rat tickling would be...
Playful handling as social enrichment for individually- and group-housed laboratory rats
| Contributor(s):: Cloutier, Sylvie, Baker, Chelsea, Wahl, Kim, Panksepp, Jaak, Newberry, Ruth C.
Social housing is recommended for laboratory rats because they are highly social mammals but research constraints or medical issues often demand individual housing and, when social housing is practiced, it typically involves housing with only one or two conspecifics. We hypothesized that playful...
Influence of gentle touching applied few weeks before slaughter on avoidance distance and slaughter stress in finishing cattle
| Contributor(s):: Probst, Johanna K., Hillmann, Edna, Leiber, Florian, Kreuzer, Michael, Spengler Neff, Anet
The present study investigated the effect of gentle touching applied during the last 5 weeks before slaughter in finishing cattle on behaviour towards humans, stress indicators and beef quality. Three experiments were carried out. Experiments 1, 2 and 3 employed eight Limousin crossbred bulls,...
Are special feed and being brushed judged as positive by calves?
| Contributor(s):: Westerath, H. Schulze, Gygax, L., Hillmann, E.
In studies concerning animal welfare, especially on methods to enhance positive welfare, different stimuli are used to create positive situations or “rewards”. A positive judgement by the animals, however, cannot be assumed a priori. The aim of this study was to determine by means of preference...
The influence of handling and exposure to a ferret on body temperature and running wheel activity of golden hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus)
| Contributor(s):: Eberli, Patrizia, Gebhardt-Henrich, Sabine G., Steiger, Andreas
In order to determine a stress response, two groups of twenty male golden hamsters were either exposed to a ferret or handled by a human. The hamsters’ body temperature and running wheel activity were measured as stress correlates. Half of the hamsters’ cages were equipped with a functional...
Identifying potential risk situations for humans when removing horses from groups
| Contributor(s):: Hartmann, Elke, Søndergaard, Eva, Keeling, Linda J.
Removing a horse from its social group may be considered risky, both for the handler and the horse, because other horses can interfere in the catching process. The main aim of this study was to identify where and when these risk situations occur while removing a horse from its group. A potential...
Human–animal interactions at abattoirs: Relationships between handling and animal stress in sheep and cattle
| Contributor(s):: Hemsworth, Paul H., Rice, Maxine, Karlen, Marcus G., Calleja, Lisa, Barnett, John L., Nash, Judy, Coleman, Grahame J.
Relationships between handling and animal stress were studied in 200 animals, of similar age from one property, at each of two sheep and two cattle abattoirs (n=800). A total of 14 and 13 stockpeople handled the study sheep and cattle, respectively. At each abattoir, 10 cohorts of 20 animals from...
Gentle touching in early life reduces avoidance distance and slaughter stress in beef cattle
| Contributor(s):: Probst, Johanna K., Spengler Neff, Anet, Leiber, Florian, Kreuzer, Michael, Hillmann, Edna
This study investigated the effect of gentle touching applied during the early life of suckler beef calves on avoidance distance on-farm and stress reactions at the abattoir. Twenty-seven Limousin crossbred calves were assigned to a treatment (n=13) or a control group (n=14) balanced by sex and...
Effect of marginal environmental and social enrichment during rearing on pigs’ reactions to novelty, conspecifics and handling
| Contributor(s):: Tönepöhl, Björn, Appel, Anne K., Welp, Stephan, Voß, Barbara, König von Borstel, Uta, Gauly, Matthias
The rearing environment of farmed animals can affect their behaviour when handled, and therefore needs to be taken into account when selecting for traits such as docility. Therefore, 126 German Landrace and Pietrain×German Landrace pigs were reared in two different production environments (barren...
Behavioural and physiological responses of captive wombats (Lasiorhinus latifrons) to regular handling by humans
| Contributor(s):: Hogan, Lindsay A., Johnston, Stephen D., Lisle, Allan T., Keeley, Tamara, Wong, Phoenix, Nicolson, Vere, Horsup, Alan B., Janssen, Tina, Phillips, Clive J. C.
The response of animals to handling by humans has been extensively evaluated in domesticated livestock, but rarely examined in wildlife species. Twelve captive wombats (Lasiorhinus latifrons) were subjected to two treatments in a replicated design: (1) daily handling, involving 15min of tactile...
Animal handling and stress-related behaviour at mobile slaughter of cattle
| Contributor(s):: Hultgren, J., Arvidsson Segerkvist, K., Berg, C., Karlsson, A. H., Algers, B.
By avoiding animal transportation, mobile slaughter may have the potential to reduce animal stress. In a cross-sectional study with elements of cohort design, we investigated relationships between animal handling and stress-related animal behaviours in connection with slaughter at two Swedish...
Broadcasting human voice to piglets (sus scrofa domestica) modifies their behavioural reaction to human presence in the home pen and in arena tests
| Contributor(s):: Bensoussan, Sandy, Tigeot, Raphaëlle, Meunier-Salaün, Marie-Christine, Tallet, Céline
Fearful Fido: Investigating dog experience in the veterinary context in an effort to reduce distress
| Contributor(s):: Edwards, Petra T., Smith, Bradley P., McArthur, Michelle L., Hazel, Susan J.
For many dogs, receiving veterinary care can be a stressful, fearful or traumatic experience. However, understanding and improving the veterinary experience for dogs is challenging due to the dynamic nature of the veterinary visit, the number of stakeholders involved (veterinarian, guardian and...