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  1. The response of beef cattle to noise during handling

    Contributor(s):: Waynert, D. F., Stookey, J. M., Schwartzkopf-Genswein, K. S., Watts, J. M., Waltz, C. S.

    59 yearling beef heifers (362+or-26 kg) were used in a study to evaluate their behavioural and physiological response to noises during a 1 min exposure. In Trial 1, 29 heifers that were naive to the treatments were assigned to either prerecorded handling noise (Noise, n=14) composed of humans...

  2. Behavioral responses to handling and restraint in dehorned and polled cattle

    Contributor(s):: Goonewardene, L. A., Price, M. A., Okine, E., Berg, R. T.

    96 weaned bull and heifer calves were allocated by sex, breed and horn status to 3 management treatments, each with 2 levels: calves handled every 10 or 20 days; an electric prod used or not used; and calves restrained by the head or not. The behaviour responses were measured by 5 incremental...

  3. Development of a behavioural test of sensory responsiveness in the growing pig

    Contributor(s):: Hutson, G. D., Ambrose, T. J., Barnett, J. L., Tilbrook, A. J.

    The responses of individual growing pigs to 60 stimuli from 5 sensory categories were evaluated as an initial step in developing a behavioural measure of welfare. Pigs were exposed to the stimuli in a test pen after being trained to eat from a food box adjacent to a stimulus presentation box. The...

  4. Do beef cattle react consistently to different handling situations?

    Contributor(s):: Grignard, L., Boivin, X., Boissy, A., Neindre, P. le

    Beef cattle responses to handling depend partly on the genetic characteristics of the animals. However, the various methods used in order to assess these responses differ to a great extent. The purpose of this work is to study the relationship between two different situations extensively used to...

  5. Effect of gentle handling on the reactivity of zebu crossed calves to humans

    Contributor(s):: Becker, B. G., Lobato, J. F. P.

    Forty NelorexEuropean male and female calves, born in spring and reared under free-range conditions, were randomly divided into two groups: treatment (n=20) and control (n=20). The treatment animals were individually exposed at 1-2 months of age to 1 daily session of 90 s of gentle handling in...

  6. Effects of handling aids on calf behavior

    Contributor(s):: Croney, C. C., Wilson, L. L., Curtis, S. E., Cash, E. H.

    Effects of three different handling aids on calf behaviour were determined. Group 1 calves were intensively-reared intact Holstein males (mean 180 days old); Group 2, extensively-reared beef-breed females (mean 230 days); Group 3, extensively-reared castrated beef-breed males (mean 253 days)....

  7. Effects of handling on behaviour and heart rate in Konik horses: comparison of stable and forest reared youngstock

    Contributor(s):: Jezierski, T., Jaworski, Z., Gorecka, A.

    30 foals and young Konik horses born in 3 consecutive years and reared up to weaning, either in a forest reserve (R) or conventional stable (S), were compared with respect to behavioural reactions and heart rate (HR) during handling manipulations. The foals were randomly allocated within sex and...

  8. Effects of yarding and handling procedures on stress responses of red deer stags ( Cervus elaphus )

    Contributor(s):: Carragher, J. F., Ingram, J. R., Matthews, L. R.

    Behavioural observations, remotely collected blood samples and heart rate measures were obtained from undisturbed animals at pasture, during 1 of 3 procedures involving yarding, handling and restraint, and after return to pasture. The `Pen' group (6 stags per group) was left undisturbed in an...

  9. Individual differences in tonic immobility may reflect behavioural strategies

    Contributor(s):: Erhard, H. W., Mendl, M., Christiansen, S. B.

    The interrelationship between the behaviour of pigs in 3 different situations were investigated. 219 pigs were used in the initial tests, then 109 in the handling tests and 70 for the speed of movement test. Individual piglets were tested for tonic immobility (TI) at 2.5 weeks of age...

  10. Instantaneous intake rate in horses of different body sizes: influence of sward biomass and fibrousness

    Contributor(s):: Fleurance, G., Fritz, H., Duncan, P., Gordon, I. J., Edouard, N., Vial, C.

    The functional response, that is the relationship between the food intake rate of a forager and the availability of food items, has been subject to numerous investigations in ruminants. In horses however, the functional response has been poorly studied despite of the importance of grazed forage...

  11. Neonatal handling of Amazon parrots alters the stress response and immune function

    Contributor(s):: Collette, J. C., Millam, J. R., Klasing, K. C., Wakenell, P. S.

    The influence of neonatal handling on behaviour and immune function was assessed in Orange-winged Amazon parrots (Amazona amazonica). Chicks (n=11) were gently handled daily from 25 days of age until 38 days post-fledging, while control chicks (n=9) were not handled. At 10 days post-fledging...

  12. No effect of variation in handling on behaviour in a porcine elevated plus-maze - a brief report

    Contributor(s):: Janczak, A. M., Pedersen, L. J., Jensen, K. H., Andersen, I. L., Boe, K. E., Bakken, M.

    The elevated plus-maze is a widely used model of anxiety in rodents and has recently been suggested as a putative model of anxiety or fear in swine. The aim of the present experiment was to examine the effects of a pretest blood sampling procedure on the behaviour of weaned female pigs...

  13. Physical contact while handling is not necessary to reduce fearfulness in the rabbit

    Contributor(s):: Ducs, A., Bilko, A., Altbacker, V.

    Rabbits handled around nursing time during the first week after birth show reduced fear response toward humans. Our earlier attempt to reduce the duration of daily treatment necessary to achieve this effect showed that even a minimal human contact, characteristic of animal caretaking in intensive...

  14. Quantifying stress responses induced by different handling methods in three species of fish

    Contributor(s):: Brydges, N. M., Boulcott, P., Ellis, T., Braithwaite, V. A.

    Although interest in fish welfare is growing, little research has addressed the welfare of laboratory or ornamental fish. Our aim here was to evaluate the effects of handling fish with a scoop, where the fish remained submerged in water, compared to handling with a net. We investigated the effect...

  15. Rats seem indifferent between their own scent-marked homecages and clean cages

    Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Mason, G. J.

    Previous large-scale, long-term studies suggest that rat welfare is little affected by cage-cleaning frequency. Here, we investigate this further using a preference test: arguably a more sensitive welfare indicator than those used previously. Nine pairs of rats were each housed in two...

  16. Reliability of assessment of dogs' behavioural responses by staff working at a welfare charity in the UK

    Contributor(s):: Diesel, G., Brodbelt, D., Pfeiffer, D. U.

    Behavioural problems in dogs are a major cause for their relinquishment and return to animal shelters and rehoming centres. It is important that the staff in these welfare centres can reliably assess the behavioural characteristics of the dogs so that they can be rehomed to the most appropriate...

  17. The behavioural, physiological and immunological responses of lambs from two rearing systems and two genotypes to exposure to humans

    Contributor(s):: Goddard, P. J., Fawcett, A. R., Macdonald, A. J., Reid, H. W.

    96 lambs of 2 genotypes (Scottish Blackface: BF and Texel x (Blue-faced Leicester x Scottish Blackface): T) were studied. From birth to weaning 1 of 2 management regimes was applied: extensive (E), whereby animals were handled as little as possible or semi-intensive (I), in which lambs...

  18. The effect of different degrees of 'positive' human-animal interaction during rearing on the welfare and subsequent production of commercial dairy heifers

    Contributor(s):: Bertenshaw, C., Rowlinson, P., Edge, H., Douglas, S., Shiel, R.

    A 3-year study tested the hypotheses that brushing each heifer for 5 min per week in the weeks preceding calving (long term positive treatment: PT) while the heifers were unrestrained, is sufficient to improve subsequent parlour behaviour and production, and this could be influenced by the extent...

  19. The effect of early human contact and the separation method from the dam on responses of beef calves to humans

    Contributor(s):: Boivin, X., Gilard, F., Egal, D.

    The objectives of this experiment were to evaluate the effect of early human contact and of the separation method from the dam on the future relationships of calves with humans, and to investigate the relationship between dam responses and calf responses. Thirty-three Salers calves aged 2-4 days...

  20. The effect of experience of handling on pigs' willingness to move

    Contributor(s):: Abbott, T. A., Hunter, E. J., Guise, H. J., Penny, R. H. C.

    Pigs from one farm were either moved 3 times at weekly intervals during the month before slaughter (M) or not (NM). 40 pens of pigs (8 of boars and 12 of gilts in each of M and NM groups) were used. Each movement consisted of allowing pigs to leave their pen over a 2-min period, then gently...