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  1. Temperamental cattle acclimate more substantially to repeated handling

    Contributor(s):: Parham, Jamie T., Tanner, Amy E., Barkley, Katharine, Pullen, Lyla, Wahlberg, Mark L., Swecker, William S., Lewis, Ronald M.

    Temperament of cattle impacts efficiency of production systems, including animal well-being. In being heritable, temperament can be augmented through selection. Current methods to evaluate temperament in a production setting include chute score (CS), exit score (ES), and exit velocity (EV), which...

  2. Testing two behavioural paradigms for measuring post-handling cat aversion behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Moody, Carly M., Mason, Georgia J., Dewey, Cate E., Landsberg, Gary M., Niel, Lee

    Owned, shelter, and laboratory cats undergo handling and restraint throughout their lifetime for routine health examinations and necessary procedures. Many cats display fear and aggressive behaviour during health examinations, and there is potential for these behaviours to result in incomplete...

  3. Faecal cortisol metabolites as an indicator of adrenocortical activity in farmed silver foxes (Vulpes vulpes)

    Contributor(s):: Hovland, Anne Lene, Rød, Anne Marit S., Eriksen, Marit Skog, Palme, Rupert, Nordgreen, Janicke, Mason, Georgia J.

    Measuring glucocorticoid metabolites in faeces has proven a useful, non-invasive method to monitor adrenocortical activity in several farm and wild species. Unlike plasma cortisol, whose sampling requires restraint and blood draws, faecal cortisol metabolites (FCM) may be particularly suitable...

  4. Behavioural changes induced by handling at different timeframes in Lusitano yearling horses

    Contributor(s):: Pereira-Figueiredo, Inês, Costa, Helena, Carro, Juan, Stilwell, George, Rosa, Ilda

    Recent interest has focused on the advantage of intensely handling young horses, as a good tool for improving emotional reactivity and thence trainability. Its effectiveness remains controversial, suggesting it might depend on the right timeframe to do so. The present study aimed to evaluate the...

  5. Does enrichment improve reptile welfare? Leopard geckos (Eublepharis macularius) respond to five types of environmental enrichment

    Contributor(s):: Bashaw, Meredith J., Gibson, Mallory D., Schowe, Devan M., Kucher, Abigail S.

    Animal welfare is a high priority for pet owners and accredited zoos and aquariums. Current approaches to measuring welfare focus on identifying consensus among behavioral and physiological indicators of positive and negative emotions. Environmental enrichment is a common strategy used to improve...

  6. Nest building as an indicator of illness in laboratory mice

    Contributor(s):: Gaskill, Brianna N., Pritchett-Corning, Kathleen R.

    Laboratory mice housed at typical temperatures and provided with crinkled paper nesting material build fully enclosed nests, increasing welfare, and reducing cold stress, but complicating daily animal observations by care staff. Anecdotal reports by animal care staff indicate that ill mice are...

  7. Effects of the method of restraint for shearing on behaviour and heart rate variability in alpacas

    Contributor(s):: Waiblinger, Susanne, Hajek, Franziska, Lambacher, Bianca, Wittek, Thomas

    Alpacas are increasingly kept in Europe for different purposes including fibre production. Yearly shearing is necessary to harvest fibre and for welfare reasons. Different methods of restraint are used during shearing, which may affect the welfare of the animals differently. The aim of the study...

  8. Barren housing and negative handling decrease the exploratory approach in farmed mink

    Contributor(s):: Bak, Anne Sandgrav, Malmkvist, Jens

    We examined the influence of cage enrichment and different types of short-term experiences on the temperament of farmed mink. We used juvenile Palomino mink (n = 600, housed in pairs of one male and one female) in a two-factor design with cage environment (BAR: barren vs. ENR: cage enriched with...

  9. Consistency of temperament traits and their relationships with milk yield in lactating primiparous F1 Holstein - Gyr cows

    Contributor(s):: Marçal-Pedroza, Maria G., Campos, Mariana M., Pereira, Luiz Gustavo R., Machado, Fernanda S., Tomich, Thierry R., Paranhos da Costa, Mateus J. R., SanťAnna, Aline C.

    The objectives of the present study were: a) to evaluate the consistency of temperament traits of primiparous F1 Holstein - Gyr cows throughout time and across distinct handling situations (milking temperament and handling temperament in the corral), and b) to assess the relationships between...

  10. Effects of three non-confrontational handling techniques on the behavior of horses during a simulated mildly aversive veterinary procedure

    Contributor(s):: Watson, Jacqueline C., McDonnell, Sue M.

    In a randomized between-subjects design, we evaluated the effectiveness of each of three non-confrontational handling interventions compared to no intervention control on the behavior of horses during a single-trial simulated mildly aversive health care scenario. These handling interventions...

  11. Inducing positive emotions: Behavioural and cardiac responses to human and brushing in ewes selected for high vs low social reactivity

    Contributor(s):: Tamioso, Priscilla Regina, Maiolino Molento, Carla Forte, Boivin, Xavier, Chandèze, Hervé, Andanson, Stéphane, Delval, Éric, Hazard, Dominique, da Silva, Guilherme Parreira, Taconeli, Cesar Augusto, Boissy, Alain

    Welfare concerns not only the absence of negative emotional experiences but also the presence of positive experiences. However, scientific investigation on positive emotions in farm animals has been long neglected. This study aimed to investigate the perception of sheep to positive stimuli and...

  12. Assessment of ractopamine supplementation and immunization against GnRH effects on behavioral traits and human-pig interaction in heavy weight market gilts

    Contributor(s):: Alves Rodrigues, Lucas, de Almeida, Fernanda Radicchi Campos Lobato, Alves Ferreira, Felipe Norberto, Allison, Jim, Salgado Prezotti, Guilherme Picinin, Guimarães Reis, Luciana, de Souza Junior, Dione Martins, de Oliveira Fontes, Dalton

    Immunocastration (IM) has recently emerged as an alternative for rearing gilts up to heavier slaughter weights, considering its effects on performance improvement and sexual behavior suppression. The interaction between IM and ractopamine (RAC) supplementation is reported to be beneficial for...

  13. Making sense of it all: The importance of taking into account the sensory abilities of animals in their housing and management

    Contributor(s):: Nielsen, Birte L.

    In this selective review, examples are given of how different animal species use different sensory modalities in different ways. These examples serve to illustrate that we should not forget to take sensory abilities of the animals that we manage into account to ensure or improve their welfare. As...

  14. A happier rat pack: The impacts of tickling pet store rats on human-animal interactions and rat welfare

    Contributor(s):: LaFollette, Megan R., O’Haire, Marguerite E., Cloutier, Sylvie, Gaskill, Brianna N.

    Rats find initial interactions with humans frightening, which can lead to negative affect, and poor welfare. A handling technique called "tickling", which mimics rat rough-and-tumble play, can be used to reduce these negative effects. When tickled, rats produce 50 kilohertz (kHz) ultrasonic...

  15. Dually Noted: The effects of a pressure headcollar on compliance, discomfort and stress in horses during handling

    Contributor(s):: Ijichi, Carrie, Tunstall, Shelby, Putt, Ella, Squibb, Keith

    Horse handlers often encounter problem behaviour resulting from a lack of stimulus control. Handlers are often only 15% of the weight of horses, which evolved strong flight responses. Therefore, many riders and handlers resort to the use of "aids" to maintain control of their animals. However,...

  16. Stranger danger? An investigation into the influence of human-horse bond on stress and behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Ijichi, Carrie, Griffin, Kym, Squibb, Keith, Favier, Rebecca

    Human-animal bond is receiving increasing attention and is thought to confer benefits on well-being and performance in working animals. One important benefit of bonding is the "safe base" an attachment figure provides, which manifests in better coping and increased exploration during potential...

  17. Influence of low stress handling during clinical visit on physiological and behavioural indicators in adult dogs: a preliminary study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bruno Scalia, Daniela Alberghina, Michele Panzera

    Low stress handling techniques or “Fear Free principles” in veterinary clinics are becoming an important research area aimed at improving small animal welfare, considering that the majority of dogs who undergo clinical examinations exhibit fear or anxiety signs. Objective of this...

  18. An Experimental Course: Animal Handling, Safety, and Well-Being

    | Contributor(s):: Brady M McNeil, Heather A Jennings, Christen G. Jackson, Anna K. Johnson, Jodi A. Sterle

    Students in the Department of Animal Science at Iowa State University are coming from increasingly diverse backgrounds, with little to no experience working with or handling various livestock species. In order to best accommodate these students, additional courses are being developed, one of...

  19. Tickling Rats: Differential Benefits for Pet Store Rats

    | Contributor(s):: Whitney Blankenberger

    Animal welfare and the effects of the human-animal bond are becoming increasingly important to researchers and the public. Animal use in biomedical research is indispensable and inevitably creates stressful situations for the animals. One way to mediate this stress and improve rat welfare is by...

  20. In Search of the Urban Cowboy: The Need to Incorporate Animal Husbandry into the United States Higher Education Curriculum and Its Implications for Production Animal Welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Courtney Lynd Daigle

    There is a need to (1) highlight the importance of incorporating animal husbandry into higher education curriculum and (2) emphasize that professionally training production animal handlers will have positive impact on production animal welfare. Spending more time interacting with agricultural...