The effect of positive or negative handling on the behavioural and physiological responses of nonlactating heifers
Contributor(s):: Breuer, K., Hemsworth, P. H., Coleman, G. J.
This experiment investigated the effects of positive and negative tactile handling on the stress physiology and behaviour of dairy heifers. Forty-eight 5-14-month-old nonlactating Holstein-Friesian heifers were allocated to one of two handling treatments, either positive or negative tactile...
The effect of road-type and distance transported on behaviour, physiology and carcass quality of farmed red deer ( Cervus elaphus )
Contributor(s):: Jago, J. G., Harcourt, R. G., Matthews, L. R.
Nine groups of 6 hinds were transported 80, 230 or 380 km. Behaviour during transport was recorded continuously using a camera mounted centrally in the ceiling of the pen. Blood samples were collected pre-transport and post-slaughter. The carcasses were assessed for bruising and ultimate pH was...
The effects of additional socialisation for kittens in a rescue centre on their behaviour and suitability as a pet
Contributor(s):: Casey, R. A., Bradshaw, J. W. S.
The effects of handling during the socialization period on the subsequent development of behaviour problems and the cat-owner bond have been investigated in kittens homed from rescue centres. Thirty-seven kittens in three centres were given either standard socialization or enhanced socialization...
The movement of farmed red deer through raceways
Contributor(s):: Grigor, P. N., Goddard, P. J., Littlewood, C. A.
The movement of eight groups of six farmed red deer (Cervus elaphus) through raceways was observed and the effects of race width (0.5 m or 1.5 m), race shape (straight or curved) and light intensity (bright or dim) were measured, with each group tested on each of the 8 treatment combinations....
The social environment influences the behavioural responses of beef cattle to handling
Contributor(s):: Grignard, L., Boissy, A., Boivin, X., Garel, J. P., Le Neindre, P.
In cattle, a gregarious species, the social group influences individual stress responses to fear-eliciting situations. As handling can be stressful for farm animals, it can be hypothesized that social partners modify individual responses to handling. The present experiment investigated the effect...
Handler beliefs affect scent detection dog outcomes
Contributor(s):: Lit, Lisa, Schweitzer, Julie B., Oberbauer, Anita M.
Piglets' weaning behavioural response is influenced by quality of human-animal interactions during suckling
Contributor(s):: Sommavilla, R., Hotzel, M. J., Costa, O. A. D.
The behaviour of pigs in lairage in relation to their post-weaning management: results of a postal survey
Contributor(s):: Hunter, E. J., Riches, H. L., Guise, H. J., Penny, R. H. C.
Lairage staff at 11 abattoirs were asked to rate which producers regularly provided pigs which were 'easy' (EH) or 'difficult' (DH) to handle on a scale of 1 (very DH) to 5 (very EH). A postal questionnaire was then sent to the 4 or 5 producers sending the most EH and the 4 or 5 producers sending...
Animal ethics and the live aquatic animal trade
Contributor(s):: Rollin, B. E.
Animal production and the new social ethic for animals
The vertebrate animal in high school biology
Contributor(s):: Beck, A. M.
Looking for an ideal horse: rider preferences
Contributor(s):: Gorecka-Bruzda, A., Chruszczewski, M. H., Jaworski, Z., Golonka, M., Jezierski, T., Dlugosz, B., Pieszka, M.
The aims of the present study were as follows: (1) to identify the particular characteristics of a horse that are important to riders, and (2) to examine which of these properties are significant for different categories of riders. The participants (197; 78.7% females) were surveyed using the...
Imprinting technique, and intensive socialization early in the foal
Contributor(s):: Gonzalez del Pino, F., Escalante, F., Wilde, O. R.
Imprinting is the technique of nursing an animal like an individual of his own species. This includes carrying out natural handling of the foal from the moment of birth and during the subsequent days, modifying its personality. This learning process only happens in a brief sensitive period after...
Hand-feeding and gentling influence early-weaned lambs' attachment responses to their stockperson
Contributor(s):: Boivin, X., Tournadre, H., Neindre, P. le
45 ewe lambs were artificially reared from multinippled buckets in groups of 3. All the lambs were trained by a stockperson (S1) to suck from the bucket (4.4+or-0.3 sessions of 3 min per animal for the first 2 days of life). Subsequently, 15 lambs received no further human contact (T0). 15 other...
Repeated handling of pigs during rearing. I. Refusal of contact by the handler and reactivity to familiar and unfamiliar humans
Contributor(s):: Terlouw, E. M. C., Porcher, J.
Pigs housed in groups received different handling treatments for 40 d until slaughter age. Pigs of the human interaction (HI) and refusal of contact (RC) groups were individually introduced into a pen each day, where they remained for 3 min in the presence of a squatted handler. The handler tried...
Pig behaviour studies applied to slaughter-plant design
Contributor(s):: Grandin, T.
Market pigs weighing 90-113 kg and mature sows were observed while being handled in commercial slaughter plants. In abattoirs slaughtering 500 or more pigs per hour, jamming at the single-file race entrance was reduced by installing two single-file races side by side, with a wedge-shaped...
Aversion of sheep to electro-immobilization and physical restraint
Contributor(s):: Rushen, J.
Thirty-six Merino wethers were forced along a sheep race and were either electro-immobilized using a commercially-available instrument, restrained with the electro-immobilizer electrodes attached, physically restrained in a sheep-handling machine or allowed to run freely through the race. The...
Behavioral response to humans in individually handled weanling pigs
Contributor(s):: Tanida, H., Miura, A., Tanaka, T., Yoshimoto, T.
Twelve 4-week-old crossbred weanling pigs from 3 litters were allotted at random within litters to 1 of 2 treatments: handling (n=6) and no-handling (n=6). The pigs in the handling treatment received individual handling from the same person for 10 min/day, 5 days a week for 3 weeks. The pigs in...
Effects of visual stimuli and noise on fear levels in laying hens
Contributor(s):: Scott, G. B., Moran, P.
Conveyors have been proposed to improve bird welfare during handling procedures, but visual perception of speed may play an important role if birds find the movement frightening. To study this, stationary birds were subjected to moving stimuli of 0.33, 0.67 and 1.00 m/s by being placed between...
Fear and stress reactions, and the performance of commercial broiler chickens subjected to regular pleasant and unpleasant contacts with human being
Contributor(s):: Zulkifli, I., Azah, A. S. N.
An experiment was conducted to determine the effects of regular pleasant and unpleasant contacts with human beings on tonic immobility (TI) response, heterophil to lymphocyte ratio (HLR), body weight, feed conversion ratios (FCR) and mortality in commercial broiler chickens. The following...