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  1. Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.

    Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...

  2. Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.

    Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...

  3. Living on the edge: attitudes of rural communities toward Bengal tigers (Panthera tigris) in central India

    | Contributor(s):: Reddy, C. S., Reuven, Yosef

    To date, most studies of the Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris) are of biological research, techniques, conservation, population modeling, or tiger-human conflicts. Few studies have attempted to understand the rural population that share a region with the tigers, and some of the villages are even...

  4. Investigating the welfare, management and human-animal interactions of cattle in four Indonesian abattoirs

    | Contributor(s):: Doyle, R. E., Coleman, G. J., McGill, D. M., Reed, M., Ramdani, W., Hemsworth, P. H.

    This study reports novel information on the animal handling, management and human-animal interactions in Indonesian cattle abattoirs. The slaughter of 304 cattle was observed and there was a high percentage of re-stuns in all abattoirs (range: 8-18.9%) when compared to a variety of international...

  5. Foal and Mare Behavior Changes during Repeated Human-Animal Interactions in the First Two Weeks after Foaling

    | Contributor(s):: Elizabeth Baehl, Breanna Sheahan, Eleonora Po

    This study is important to the equine research field to demonstrate if handling neonatal foals and mares who recently foaled is invasive and may change how the foals and mares will behave around humans. The data show the effects of repeated blood draws and frequent handling on the foals and...

  6. Worker injuries involving the interaction of cattle, cattle handlers, and farm structures or equipment

    | Contributor(s):: Shannon L. Fox

    Cattle and other livestock have been identified as leading sources of injuries to workers in agriculture. Cattle handling injuries can be serious and often appear to be under-reported [superscript]3,[superscript]4. Many of these injuries involve predictable patterns of interactions among victims,...

  7. Cattle handling technique can induce fatigued cattle syndrome in cattle not fed a beta adrenergic agonist

    | Contributor(s):: D.A. Frese, Christopher D. Reinhardt, Steven J. Bartle, David Rethorst, J.P. Hutcheson, W.T. Nichols, B.E. Depenbusch, M.E. Corrigan, Daniel U. Thomson

    Angus crossbred steers (n = 40; 563 +/- 44 kg) were used to examine the effects of handling method and fat thickness on the blood chemistry and physiology of market steers. Steers were blocked by backfat (BF) thickness and were randomly assigned to treatment groups: low-stress handling (LSH) and...

  8. Worker injuries involving the interaction of cattle, cattle handlers, and farm structures or equipment

    | Contributor(s):: S. Fox, Mitchell Ricketts, J. Ernest Minton

    Cattle have been identified as leading sources of injuries to agricultural workers. The present study focused on worker injuries that involved the interaction of cattle, cattle handlers, and farm structures or equipment. The goal of the study was to identify opportunities for injury prevention....

  9. Livestock Behavior as Related to Handling Facilities Design

    | Contributor(s):: Temple Grandin

    Choice testing utilizing a Y -maze has becfn suckssfully used to 'test animal preferences. In this experiment, 12 female Angus X Hereford X Simmental X Charolaisheifen were given a choice of walking through a squeeze chute .(crush) or being restrained in a squeeze chute. The objective of the...

  10. Establishment and persistence of a good relationship between man and animal by weaning management of Galician Blonde

    | Contributor(s):: C. Portela, L. Lopez, A. Varela, L. Monserrat, L. Sanchez

    Summary of the communication before the III Iberian Congress on Animal Genetic Resources

  11. Good Management Practice for Animal Handling and Stunning

    | Contributor(s):: Temple Grandin

    These guidelines are a supplement to the 1991 Recommended Animal Handling Guideline for Meat Packers. The main emphasis of this guide is on the use of a welfare performance standards which can be objectively scored instead of specifying equipment design or practices. Scoring procedures for...

  12. Livestock handling needs improvement

    | Contributor(s):: Temple Grandin

    The article discusses problems with the handling of livestock and the conclusion of the article states "rough handling of livestock is not only inhumane, but can cause excessive losses due to sickness and slower growth...careful handling of livestock in all phases of production is...

  13. Assessment of Stress During Handling and Transport

    | Contributor(s):: Temple Grandin

    Fear is a very strong stressor, and the highly variable results of handling and transportation studies are likely to be due to different levels of psychological stress. Psychological stress is fear stress. Some examples are restraint, contact with people, or exposure to novelty. In many different...

  14. The Design and Construction of Facilities for Handling Cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Temple Grandin

    The cattle handling facilities described in this paper are recommended for use with extensively raised cattle which have a large flight zone and are not completely tame.  This paper contains diagrams and designs for corrals, yards, sorting (drafting), handling and loading trucks....

  15. Living on the edge: attitudes of rural communities toward Bengal tigers ( Panthera tigris) in central India

    | Contributor(s):: Reddy, C. S., Reuven, Yosef

    To date, most studies of the Bengal tiger ( Panthera tigris) are of biological research, techniques, conservation, population modeling, or tiger-human conflicts. Few studies have attempted to understand the rural population that share a region with the tigers, and some of the villages are even...

  16. Program animal welfare: using behavioral and physiological measures to assess the well-being of animals used for education programs in zoos

    | Contributor(s):: Baird, Bonnie A., Kuhar, Christopher W., Lukas, Kristen E., Amendolagine, Laura A., Fuller, Grace A., Nemet, James, Willis, Mark A., Schook, Mandi W.

    This study investigates program animal welfare using both behavioral and physiological measures in two separate experiments. In Experiment One, we examined possible differences in behavior and fecal glucocorticoid metabolites (FGM) between education, exhibit and off-exhibit armadillos ( N=59)...

  17. Cattle handling pointers: stockmanship and low-stress handling

    | Contributor(s):: Gill, R., Machen, R.

  18. Comparison of stress exhibited by cats examined in a clinic versus a home setting

    | Contributor(s):: Nibblett, B. M., Ketzis, J. K., Grigg, E. K.

    Serum cortisol levels, physiological parameters and behavior were used to assess stress experienced by cats examined using equivalent low stress handling techniques in two different environments: their home and an idealized veterinary clinic setting. Healthy cats ( n=18) were examined in a...

  19. The influence of body region, handler familiarity and order of region handled on the domestic cat's response to being stroked

    | Contributor(s):: Ellis, S. L. H., Thompson, H., Guijarro, C., Zulch, H. E.

    The domestic cat is now one of the most common pet species in the Western world. As part of its role as a pet, cats are expected to not only tolerate but enjoy being touched. This study consisted of two experiments, with the first investigating the influence of body region touched and handler...

  20. A tool for the evaluation of slaughter horse welfare during unloading

    | Contributor(s):: Messori, S., Visser, E. K., Buonanno, M., Ferrari, P., Barnard, S., Borciani, M., Ferri, N.

    This study aimed to develop a scientific and practical tool to be used to assess horse welfare after commercial transport over long journeys. A set of physical, behavioural and environmental measures was selected, covering welfare aspects of both transport and unloading procedures. The protocol...