The Effect of Noseband Tightening on Horses' Behavior, Eye Temperature, and Cardiac Responses
| Contributor(s):: Kate Fenner, Samuel Yoon, Peter White, Melissa Starling, Paul McGreevy
Restrictive nosebands are common in equestrian sport. This is concerning, as recent evidence suggests that very tight nosebands can cause a physiological stress response, and may compromise welfare. The objective of the current study was to investigate relationships that noseband tightness has...
Pain-suppressed behaviors in the red-tailed hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)
| Contributor(s):: Mazor-Thomas, Jana E., Mann, Phyllis E., Karas, Alicia Z., Tseng, Flo
Our ability to provide analgesia in wild and exotic patients is hampered by a lack of species-specific information on effective drugs and protocols. One contributing factor is the difficulty of applying data from traditional laboratory tests of nociception to clinical conditions frequently...
Specificity and variability of trunk kinematics on a mechanical horse
| Contributor(s):: Goodworth, A. D., Barrett, C., Rylander, J., Garner, B.
Sprinkler flow rate affects dairy cattle avoidance of spray to the head, but not overall, in an aversion race
| Contributor(s):: Chen, Jennifer M., Schütz, Karin E., Tucker, Cassandra B.
Spraying cattle with water elicits behavioral responses ranging from willing use to avoidance of wetting the head or entire body. This variation may be partly explained by sprinkler flow rate, as higher flow rates result in greater heat abatement and spray impact. An aversion race can be used to...
GaitWay Therapeutic Horsemanship
GaitWay Therapeutic Horsemanship provides equine therapy to children and adults with a variety of disabilities. By riding, they grow stronger, both mentally and physically. We serve children and adults who have cerebral palsy, autism, developmental delays, scoliosis, ADHD, depression, anxiety,...
Are domestic pigs (Sus scrofa domestica) able to use complex human-given cues to find a hidden reward?
| Contributor(s):: Nawroth, C., Ebersbach, M., Borell, E. von
Understanding human-animal interactions in livestock production systems is crucial for improving animal welfare. It is therefore of general interest to investigate how livestock animals obtain information from humans. By using an object-choice paradigm, we investigated whether domestic pigs (Sus...
Environmentally enriching American mink ( Neovison vison) increases lymphoid organ weight and skeletal symmetry, and reveals differences between two sub-types of stereotypic behaviour
| Contributor(s):: Diez-Leon, M., Bursian, S., Galicia, D., Napolitano, A., Palme, R., Mason, G.
Enrichment studies for wild carnivores (e.g., in zoos) are often short-term, use enrichments of unknown motivational significance, and focus on glucocorticoids and stereotypic behaviour (SB), ignoring other stress-relevant variables. Our study assessed the broad behavioural and physiological...
Jaguar and puma attacks on livestock in Costa Rica
| Contributor(s):: Amit, Ronit, Gordillo-Chavez, Elias Jose, Bone, Raquel
Making the case for developing alternative lameness scoring systems for dairy goats
| Contributor(s):: Vieira, A., Oliveira, M. D., Nunes, T., Stilwell, G.
Lameness is a behavioural indicator of pain that negatively affects dairy ruminants' health and welfare. Lameness is generally assessed by subjective methods, based on the observation of the animal's behaviour, using numerical rating scales (NRSs) - the most common scoring system - and visual...
"Do not choose as I do!" - Dogs avoid the food that is indicated by another dog's gaze in a two-object choice task
| Contributor(s):: Balint, A., Farago, T., Meike, Z., Lenkei, R., Miklosi, A., Pongracz, P.
Family dogs successfully follow human-given cues in a two-object choice test. However, whether this ability has any roots in dog-dog visual communication, has been seldom investigated. We designed a test where a video-projected, life-sized dog 'demonstrator' provided directional cues for the...
Defining pacing quantitatively: a comparison of gait characteristics between pacing and non-repetitive locomotion in zoo-housed polar bears
| Contributor(s):: Cless, I. T., Voss-Hoynes, H. A., Ritzmann, R. E., Lukas, K. E.
Pacing is a commonly investigated behavior in zoo animals, however, little data have been published to support a precise definition of pacing. High speed video of pacing behavior in 11 zoo-housed polar bears ( Ursus maritimus) was compared with goal-oriented locomotion in the same bears....
Factors affecting penetrating captive bolt gun performance
| Contributor(s):: Gibson, T. J., Mason, C. W., Spence, J. Y., Barker, H., Gregory, N. G.
Captive bolt stunning is used for rendering livestock insensible at slaughter. The mechanical factors relating to performance of 6 penetrating captive bolt gun (CBG) models were examined. The Matador Super Securit 3000 and the .25 Cash Euro Stunner had the highest kinetic energy values (443 J and...
Effect of feed allowance at pasture on lying behaviour and locomotory ability of dairy cows
| Contributor(s):: O'Driscoll, K., Lewis, E., Kennedy, E.
In temperate climates where cows are primarily managed at pasture shortages of grass could result in nutritional deficits for the cow and thus pose a challenge to her welfare. This study investigated the effect of daily herbage allowance (DHA) on dairy cow lying behaviour, locomotory ability, and...
Factors influencing stereotypic behaviours of animals rescued from Asian animal markets: a slow loris case study
| Contributor(s):: Moore, R. S., Cabana, F., Nekaris, K. A. I.
Illegal wildlife trade has devastating effects on wild populations in Southeast Asia, made evident from the rising numbers of threatened species found in rescue centres. The prevalence of slow lorises ( Nycticebus spp.) in trade allows for the first time, a study of the response of wild-caught...
Head partitions at the feed barrier affect behaviour of goats
| Contributor(s):: Nordmann, E., Barth, K., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.
Space allowance at the feeding places often forces goats to feed in close proximity, that is, less than their individual distances. In consequence, agonistic behaviour may increase as well as stress and injuries, while access to feed may decrease, especially in low-ranking goats. Partitions...
The nature of the beast: curating animals and ancestors at Çatalhöyük
| Contributor(s):: Meskell, Lynn
The relevance of variations in group size and phenotypic appearance on the behaviour and movement patterns of young domestic fowl
| Contributor(s):: Liste, G., Campderrich, I., Beltran Heredia, I. de, Estevez, I.
Variations in the group size of laying hens might increase the risk of undesired behaviours with important consequences for the birds' health and welfare. However, larger groups housed at constant densities also translate into larger enclosures that may increase space efficiency, therefore...
Young Blond d'Aquitaine, Angus and Limousin bulls differ in emotional reactivity: relationships with animal traits, stress reactions at slaughter and post-mortem muscle metabolism
| Contributor(s):: Bourguet, C., Deiss, V., Boissy, A., Terlouw, E. M. C.
The present study investigated relationships between reactivity during tests, stress reactions at slaughter and animal traits in young Blond d'Aquitaine (BA), Limousin (LI) and Angus (AN) bulls. Behavioural and physiological reactivity of animals was evaluated during rearing using a "Human test"...
Handling and welfare of bovine livestock at local abattoirs in Bangladesh
| Contributor(s):: Murshidul, Ahsan, Hasan, B., Algotsson, M., Sarenbo, S.
The World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) allows rope casting and the tying of legs for nonhuman animal slaughter without stunning. The handling and welfare of bovine livestock ( Bos indicus and Bubalus bubalis) were studied in 8 local abattoirs in 5 districts of Bangladesh. A total of 302...
Preliminary investigations into the ethological relevance of round-pen (round-yard) training of horses. (Special Issue: Equitation science.)
| Contributor(s):: Warren-Smith, A. K., McGreevy, P. D.
Recently, training horses within round-pens has increased in popularity. Practitioners often maintain that the responses they elicit from horses are similar to signals used with senior conspecifics. To audit the responses of horses to conspecifics, 6 mare-young-horse dyads, this study introduced...