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  1. Loneliness, Depression, and Physical Activity in Older Adults: The Therapeutic Role of Human–Animal Interactions

    Contributor(s):: Krause-Parello, Cheryl A., Gulick, Elise E., Basin, Basilia

    The global population of older persons is projected in 2050 to reach approximately 2.1 billion. As people age, feelings of loneliness, depression, and physical inactivity often occur due to a multitude of reasons. These feelings may manifest and cause adverse health outcomes. With the predicted...

  2. Pet Ownership and Human–Animal Interaction in an Aging Population: Rewards and Challenges

    Contributor(s):: Enders-Slegers, Marie-José, Hediger, Karin

    Older adults in most developed countries can now expect to live nearly 80 years without significant disability. To maximize the quality of the years after retirement, societies, governments, and organizations are seeking strategies to help older adults maintain their mental and physical health,...

  3. Linking the social environment to illness in farm animals

    Contributor(s):: Proudfoot, Kathryn L., Weary, Daniel M., von Keyserlingk, Marina A. G.

    Disease is one of the single largest issues facing food animal agriculture today. Risk factors for various diseases in cattle, swine and chickens include aspects of both the physical and social environment. In this paper we review literature linking the social environment to illness in farm...

  4. Dog walking among adolescents: Correlates and contribution to physical activity.

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jessa K. Engelberg, Jordan A. Carlson, Terry L. Conway, Kelli L. Cain, Brian E. Saelens

    PURPOSE: To assess the association of dog walking with adolescents' moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and body mass index (BMI), and identify correlates of dog walking. METHODS/DESIGN: Participants were 12-17year-olds (n=925) from the Baltimore, MD and Seattle, WA regions....

  5. Fatal Tuberculosis in a Free-Ranging African Elephant and One Health Implications of Human Pathogens in Wildlife

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Michele A. Miller, Peter Buss, Eduard O. Roos, Guy Hausler, Anzaan Dippenaar, Emily Mitchell, Louis van Schalkwyk, Suelee Robbe-Austerman, W. Ray Waters, Alina Sikar-Gang, Konstantin P. Lyashchenko, Sven D. C. Parsons, Robin Warren, Paul van Helden

    Tuberculosis (TB) in humans is a global public health concern and the discovery of animal cases of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection and disease, especially in multi-host settings, also has significant implications for public health, veterinary disease control, and conservation...

  6. An evolutionary point of view of animal ethics

    | Contributor(s):: Criscuolo, François, Sueur, Cédric

    The observation that animals may respond to the emotional states of conspecific or even heterospecific individuals is not new. After more than one century, the need to define what exactly non-human animals are able to feel and—from this starting point—rethink the legal status and place of animals...

  7. Vulnerable articulations: the opportunities and challenges of illness and recovery

    | Contributor(s):: Trundle, C., Gibson, H., Bell, L.

  8. The mHealth in the canine assisted therapy: the proposal of a conceptual model for the wearable monitoring

    | Contributor(s):: Giansanti, D., Maccioni, G.

  9. Companion Animal Ownership and Human Well-Being in a Metropolis-The Case of Hong Kong

    | Contributor(s):: Wong, P. W. C., Yu, R. W. M., Ngai, J. T. K.

  10. Emotional affect and the occurrence of owner reported health problems in the domestic dog

    | Contributor(s):: Reaney, Sarah Jane, Zulch, Helen, Mills, Daniel, Gardner, Sarah, Collins, Lisa

    Interactions between health, behaviour and individual differences such as; mood, affect or personality have been studied more in humans than they have in non-human animals. In humans, links can be made between personality and the expression of health problems, and between personality, affect,...

  11. Zoonosis : prospects and challenges for medical anthropology

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Frédéric Keck, Christos Lynteris

    In recent years anthropologists have shown an increasing interest in ‘zoonoses’: diseases naturally transmitted from nonhuman animals to humans, such as anthrax, brucellosis, influenza, hantavirus syndromes, Middle East respiratory syndrome, plague, and rabies. Animal-derived...

  12. What vaccinating vampire bats can teach us about pandemics | Daniel Streicker

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Daniel Streicker

    Could we anticipate the next big disease outbreak, stopping a virus like Ebola before it ever strikes? In this talk about frontline scientific research, ecologist Daniel Streicker takes us to the Amazon rainforest in Peru where he tracks the movement of vampire bats in order to forecast and...

  13. Canicross: La aventura de correr con tu perro | Diego Guevara Sánchez | TEDxCordoba

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Diego Guevara Sánchez

    Diego es impulsor de la iniciativa CanRun, con la que une sus dos pasiones: la actividad física y el mundo de los perros. El canicross es un deporte único, que consiste en que las personas corran formando un equipo junto con sus perros. En su charla nos invita a conectarnos con...

  14. Human, animal and environmental contributors to antibiotic resistance in low resource settings: integrating behavioural, epidemiological and One Health approaches

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emily K Rousham, Leanne Unicomb, Mohammad Aminul Islam

    Antibiotic resistance (ABR) is recognised as a One Health challenge because of the rapid emergence and dissemination of resistant bacteria and genes among humans, animals and the environment on a global scale. However, there is a paucity of research assessing ABR contemporaneously in humans,...

  15. Preventing zoonotic diseases in immunocompromised persons: the role of physicians and veterinarians.

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sara Grant, Christopher W. Olsen

  16. Human wildlife conflicts and interaction : the impact of oil exploration and development in Buliisa, Uganda

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Isaac Sserwanga

    After discovery of an estimated 2.5 billion of commercially viable oil, worth $2 billion in annual revenue for 20 years in the Albertine graben, Uganda’s pursuit for a middle state income status seemed attainable. However, the oil reserves are situated in biodiversity sensitive area, with...

  17. Epidemiology of Leptospirosis in Africa: A Systematic Review of a Neglected Zoonosis and a Paradigm for 'One Health' in Africa

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kathryn J. Allan, Holly M. Biggs, Jo E.B. Halliday, Rudovick R. Kazwala, Venance P. Maro, Sarah Cleaveland, John A. Crump

    Background Leptospirosis is an important but neglected bacterial zoonosis that has been largely overlooked in Africa. In this systematic review, we aimed to summarise and compare current knowledge of: (1) the geographic distribution, prevalence, incidence and diversity of acute human...

  18. Surveillance for respiratory and diarrheal pathogens at the human-pig interface in Sarawak, Malaysia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Laura K. Borkenhagen, Kerry A. Mallinson, Rick W. Tsao, Siaw-Jing Ha, Wei-Honn Lim, Teck-Hock Toh, Benjamin D. Anderson, Jane K. Fieldhouse, Sarah E. Philo, Kuek-Sen Chong, William G. Lindsley, Alejandro Ramirez, James F. Lowe, Kristen K. Coleman, Gregory C. Gray

    Background The large livestock operations and dense human population of Southeast Asia are considered a hot-spot for emerging viruses. Objectives To determine if the pathogens adenovirus (ADV), coronavirus (CoV), encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV), enterovirus (EV), influenza A-D (IAV, IBV, ICV,...

  19. The Ties that Bind: One Health | Sharon Deem | TEDxGatewayArchSalon

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sharon Deem

    Sharon discusses the idea of One World Health - plants, animals and humans need to find a path to balance. As man disrupts the natural systems it disrupts the health of other living things which in turn cause problems that were not obviously predictable. We need to be aware of the disruptions...

  20. Feeder space affects access to the feeder, aggression, and feed conversion in laying hens in an aviary system

    | Contributor(s):: Sirovnik, Janja, Würbel, Hanno, Toscano, Michael J.

    In laying hens, minimal requirements for feeder space (cm per bird) are based primarily on data from small groups of hens (n < 10) housed in battery cages. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of feeder space on agonistic behaviour, access to the feeder, and production in...