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  1. First Evidence of Natural SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Domestic Rabbits

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Matthieu Fritz, Daphné de Riols de Fonclare, Déborah Garcia, Stéphanie Beurlet, Pierre Becquart, Serge G. Rosolen, Alexandra Briend-Marchal, Eric M. Leroy

    We tested 144 pet rabbits sampled in France between November 2020 and June 2021 for antibodies to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) by microsphere immunoassay. We reported the first evidence of a natural SARS-CoV-2 infection in rabbits with a low observed...

  2. Qualitative Research for One Health: From Methodological Principles to Impactful Applications

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chris Degeling, Melanie Rock

    The One Health concept has inspired a rich vein of applied research and scholarly reflection over the past decade, yet with little influence from qualitative methodologists. With this overview, we describe the underpinning assumptions, purposes, and potential pitfalls of data collection...

  3. One world, one health, one virology of the mysterious labyrinth of coronaviruses: the canine coronavirus affair

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Annamaria Pratelli, Alessio Buonavoglia, Gianvito Lanave, Maria Tempesta, Michele Camero, Vito Martella, Nicola Decaro

    Human coronaviruses (HCoVs) often have animal origins and then adapt to humans by jumping directly or via an intermediate host. The emergence of SARS-CoV in 2003, MERS-CoV in 2012, and SARS-CoV-2 in late-2019, confirms that coronaviruses can cause severe-to-fatal disease and that bats are...

  4. The Effects of Animal- Assisted Therapy on the Health and Well- Being of Military Veterans: A Systematic Scoping Review and Recommendations for Future Research

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Brooke Fonseka, Fiona Marshall, Laura J. Edwards

    Veterans of the armed forces may have experienced a range of physical and psychological traumas during their service, which can lead to long-standing problems with health and well-being, sometimes compounded with challenges accessing and engaging with support. Animal-assisted therapies (AAT)...

  5. The One Health Approach to Toxoplasmosis: Epidemiology, Control, and Prevention Strategies

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: A. Alonso Aguirre, Travis Longcore, Michelle Barbieri, Haydee Dabritz, Dolores Hill, Patrice N. Klein, Christopher Lepczyk, Emily L. Lilly, Rima McLeod, Judith Milcarsky, Caroline E. Murphy, Chunlei Su, Elizabeth VanWormer, Robert Yolken, Grant C. Sizemore

    One Health is a collaborative, interdisciplinary effort that seeks optimal health for people, animals, plants, and the environment. Toxoplasmosis, caused by Toxoplasma gondii, is an intracellular protozoan infection distributed worldwide, with a heteroxenous life cycle that practically affects...

  6. One Health: How Interdependence Enriches Veterinary Ethics Education

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Joachim Nieuwland, Franck L. B. Meijboom

    What does One Health imply for veterinary ethics education? In order to answer this question, we will first have to establish what One Health itself involves. The meaning and scope of One Health, however, cannot be established without reference to its values—whose health matters?...

  7. One health: a guiding imperative

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rebecca A. Johnson

    Given the large proportion of households that include pets, this is perhaps a most important time to consider human-companion animal interaction as a vehicle to facilitate One Health (human-animal health). The potential benefits of this interaction is worthy of exploration for a number of...

  8. Veterinary history and the development of human relationships with animals

    | Contributor(s):: Jones, G. C.

    2022Veterinary Record190284-840042-490010.1002/vetr.1420English0WileyChichester, UKtext

  9. Perceptions and Practices of Key Worker Stakeholder Groups in Hospital Animal- Assisted Intervention Programs on Occupational Benefits and Perceived Risks

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kathryn R. Dalton, William Altekruse, Peter Campbell, Kathy Ruble, Karen C. Carroll, Roland J. Thorpe Jr., Jacqueline Agnew, Meghan F. Davis

    Background: Animal-assisted intervention (AAI) programs, used widely for patient benefit, have increasingly been used for healthcare workers (HCW) to reduce occupational stress. However, there are barriers to these programs which limit their utilization, for both patients and HCW,...

  10. Are multi-cat homes more stressful? A critical review of the evidence associated with cat group size and wellbeing

    | Contributor(s):: Finka, L. R., Foreman-Worsley, R.

  11. Emergency Department Visits and Hospitalizations Associated with Animal Injuries, 2009

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: A. Adams, J. Sutton, A. Elixhauser

  12. Assessment of the transfer of antimicrobial resistance between pets and humans in Norway. Opinion of the Panel on biological hazards of the Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food Safety

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Yngvild Wasteson, Eystein Skjerve, Anne-Mette Grønvold, Danica Grahek-Ogden, Karl Fredrich Eckner, Georg Kapperud, Jørgen Fr Lassen, Judith Narvhus, Truls Nesbakken, Lucy Robertson, Jan Thomas Rosnes, Taran Skjerdal, Line Vold, Siamak Pour Yazdankhah

  13. The political economy of One Health research and policy

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Victor Galaz, Melissa Leach, Ian Scoones, Christian Stein

    ‘One Health’ has emerged over the last decade as a key concept guiding international research and policy in the field of emerging infectious diseases such as zoonoses. This paper explores the emergence of One Health and examines the political, economic and knowledge processes...

  14. Trauma etiology in dogs and cats: a retrospective study of 4626 cases

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cojocaru, R., Schuszler, L., Bumb, D., Barnea, R., Igna, C.

    Traumatic injuries are a major health hazard having an important impact in animals' welfare. The outcome following a traumatic event in the animal's life, depends on multiple factors, the most common ones being the cause of trauma, the location of the trauma and the amount of kinetic...

  15. A cross-sectional study of knowledge on ownership, zoonoses and practices among pet owners in northern Portugal

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Vale, B. do, Lopes, A. P., Fontes, M. da C., Silvestre, M., Cardoso, L., Coelho, A. C.

    Pet ownership is common in modern society. In Portugal, 38% and 31% of all households own at least one dog or cat, respectively. Few studies have ascertained the knowledge of pet owners on pet ownership and zoonoses, and none have been carried out in Portugal. The aim of the present study was...

  16. Towards One Health? Evolution of international collaboration networks on Nipah virus research from 1999-2011

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sophie Valeix

    The world is now facing the emergence of new pathogens and the return of old ones at an unprecedented speed. Among the wide range of emerging diseases, zoonoses – infections naturally transmitted between vertebrate animals and humans – represent a new complex global problem for...

  17. The European Union One Health 2019 Zoonoses Report

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: European Food Safety Authority, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control

    This report of the EFSA and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control presents the results of zoonoses monitoring activities carried out in 2019 in 36 European countries (28 Member States (MS) and eight non-MS). The first and second most reported zoonoses in humans were...

  18. Health, Wellness, and Ecological Impacts of Horse Therapy for Special Needs Children

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer Sulkowski

    The benefits of horse therapy for special needs children have been documented for centuries, but direct experience and perspective from special needs children and their families involved in horse therapy are missing from the literature. The purpose of this study was to enhance understanding on...

  19. The Role of Animal Ownership for People with Severe Mental Illness during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Mixed-Method Study Investigating Links with Health and Loneliness

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Shoesmith, E., Spanakis, P., Peckham, E., Heron, P., Johnston, G., Walker, L., Crosland, S., Ratschen, E.

    Research has reported the benefits of companion animals for people with severe mental illness (SMI). However, this evidence base is fragmented and unclear. The COVID-19 pandemic presents an opportunity to explore the role of companion animals in the context of social distancing and isolation...

  20. Anthropomorphism and Its Adverse Effects on the Distress and Welfare of Companion Animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mota-Rojas, D., Mariti, C., Zdeinert, A., Riggio, G., Mora-Medina, P., Del Mar Reyes, A., Gazzano, A., Domínguez-Oliva, A., Lezama-García, K., José-Pérez, N., Hernández-Ávalos, I.

    Anthropomorphic practices are increasing worldwide. Anthropomorphism is defined as the tendency to attribute human forms, behaviors, and emotions to non-human animals or objects. Anthropomorphism is particularly relevant for companion animals. Some anthropomorphic practices can be beneficial to...