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  1. Repeatable individual differences in behaviour and physiology in juvenile horses from an early age

    Contributor(s):: Manrique, Lucía Pérez, Bánszegi, Oxána, Hudson, Robyn, Szenczi, Péter

    2021Applied Animal Behaviour Science2351052270168-159110.1016/j.applanim.2021.105227text

  2. Interaction with Caged Budgerigars (Melopsittacus Undulatus) Enhances Human Affect

    Contributor(s):: Jones, Autumn G., Skolnick, Alexander J., Anderson, Matthew J.

  3. Rider effects on horses’ conflict behaviour, rein tension, physiological measures and rideability scores

    Contributor(s):: Christensen, Janne Winther, Munk, Rikke, Hawson, Lesley, Palme, Rupert, Larsen, Torben, Egenvall, Agneta, König von Borstel, Uta U., Rørvang, Maria Vilain

  4. Dually investigated: The effect of a pressure headcollar on the behaviour, discomfort and stress of trained horses

    Contributor(s):: Ijichi, Carrie, Wild, Hayley, Dai, Francesca, Bordin, Alexandre, Cameron-Whytock, Heather, White, Samuel J., Yarnell, Kelly, Starbuck, Gareth, Jolivald, Aurelie, Birkbeck, Lauren, Hallam, Sarah, Costa, Emanuela Dalla

    The Dually™ is a control headcollar designed to improve equine behaviour during handling challenges by applying greater pressure than a standard headcollar. Previous research indicated it did not improve compliance in naïve horses but did result in higher Horse Grimace Scale scores (HGS)...

  5. Balancing skill against difficulty - behavior, heart rate and heart rate variability of shelter dogs during two different introductions of an interactive game

    Contributor(s):: Arhant, Christine, Altrichter, Bernadette, Lehenbauer, Sandra, Waiblinger, Susanne, Schmied-Wagner, Claudia, Yee, Jason

    Interactive games may boost positive well-being by combining the benefits of rewards with cognitive and social enrichment. However, a hasty introduction can lead to low success and frustration. We examine two methods of introducing an interactive game to dogs to test whether they elicit...

  6. The Effect of Noseband Tightening on Horses' Behavior, Eye Temperature, and Cardiac Responses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kate Fenner, Samuel Yoon, Peter White, Melissa Starling, Paul McGreevy

    Restrictive nosebands are common in equestrian sport. This is concerning, as recent evidence suggests that very tight nosebands can cause a physiological stress response, and may compromise welfare. The objective of the current study was to investigate relationships that noseband tightness has...

  7. Equine-assisted therapeutic activities and their influence on the heart rate variability: A systematic review

    | Contributor(s):: García-Gómez, A., Guerrero-Barona, E., García-Peña, I., Rodríguez-Jiménez, M., Moreno-Manso, J. M.

  8. Investigation of Physiological and Behavioral Responses in Dogs Participating in Animal-Assisted Therapy with Children Diagnosed with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    | Contributor(s):: Melco, A. L., Goldman, L., Fine, A. H., Peralta, J. M.

  9. The Impact of Equine-Assisted Therapy on Equine Behavioral and Physiological Responses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tiago Mendonça, Cécile Bienboire-Frosini, Fanny Menuge, Julien Leclercq, Céline Lafont-Lecuelle, Sana Arroub, Patrick Pageat

    Equine-assisted therapies (EATs) have been widely used in the treatment of patients with mental or physical conditions. However, studies on the influence of equine-assisted therapy (EAT) on equine welfare are very recent, and the need for further research is often highlighted. The aim of this...

  10. Case Study: Composite Material Yoke Versus Wooden Yoke for Bullocks’ Comfort

    | Contributor(s):: Tyagi, Ram Kumar, Singh, Achhaibar

    This article addresses the designing of a yoke used to get work output (plowing) from bullocks. The yoke profile was designed in compliance with the profile of the bullock’s body for maximum contact area. Unlike the crude, wooden yoke used in rural India, where modern tilling equipment like a...

  11. Effects of Human–Dog Interactions on Salivary Oxytocin Concentrations and Heart Rate Variability: A Four-Condition Cross-Over Trial

    | Contributor(s):: Powell, Lauren, Edwards, Kate M., Michael, Scott, McGreevy, Paul, Bauman, Adrian, Guastella, Adam J., Drayton, Bradley, Stamatakis, Emmanuel

    Dog ownership is often advocated for its potential benefits to human health, with changes to oxytocin and autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity proposed as possible underlying mechanisms. The aims of the current study were to a) examine the effect of two common types of human–dog interactions...

  12. Veterans and Shelter Dogs: Examining the Impact of a Dog-Walking Intervention on Physiological and Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms

    | Contributor(s):: Krause-Parello, Cheryl A., Friedmann, Erika, Blanchard, Kelly, Payton, Megan, Gee, Nancy R.

    When military veterans return from service many are in a state of reintegration from military to civilian life, a transition that can be difficult and stressful. Recent literature supports the use of human–animal interactions to reduce stress. To date there have been few studies that examine the...

  13. The Effects of a Therapy Dog on the Blood Pressure and Heart Rate of Older Residents in a Nursing Home

    | Contributor(s):: Handlin, Linda, Nilsson, Anne, Lidfors, Lena, Petersson, Maria, Uvnäs-Moberg, Kerstin

    The aim of the present project was to investigate whether repeated visits by a therapy dog to nursing homes might affect the older residents’ systolic blood pressure and heart rate. A secondary aim was to investigate and compare effects (differences in responses) in older people with high and...

  14. Exploring Synchronicity in the Heart Rates of Familiar and Unfamiliar Pairs of Horses and Humans Undertaking an In-Hand Task

    | Contributor(s):: Hockenhull, Jo, Young, Tamsin J., Redgate, Sarah E., Birke, Lynda

    Physiological responses that occur in horses and humans during their interactions, on the ground and during ridden work, have been investigated in a number of studies with some conflicting results. These suggest that in some situations emotional state may be transferred from humans to horses and...

  15. Does Physical Contact with a Dog or Person Affect Performance of a Working Memory Task?

    | Contributor(s):: Gee, Nancy R., Friedmann, Erika, Coglitore, Victoria, Fisk, Amy, Stendahl, Marcus

    Working memory (WM) plays a critical role in the execution of a wide variety of cognitive tasks and predicts academic success. This study was designed to compare the impact of the presence of a dog or a person, and physical contact with them, on the performance of a WM task. It also exam- ined...

  16. Prenatal stress puzzle, the oxytocin piece: Prenatal stress alters the behaviour and autonomic regulation in piglets, insights from oxytocin

    | Contributor(s):: Rault, Jean-Loup, Mack, Laurie A., Carter, C. Sue, Garner, Joseph P., Marchant-Forde, Jeremy N., Richert, Brian T., Lay, Donald C.

    Developmental changes in response to prenatal stressors (PNS) can result in anxiety and abnormal social development in the offspring. Oxytocin (OT) reduces anxiety, whereas OT deficiencies are associated with social behaviour deficits. Hence, we hypothesized that OT could reverse some of the PNS...

  17. An objective measure of reactive behaviour in horses

    | Contributor(s):: Noble, Glenys K., Blackshaw, Kathryn L., Cowling, Ann, Harris, Patricia A., Sillence, Martin N.

    Several tests have been devised in an attempt to detect behaviour modification due to training, supplements or diet in horses. These tests rely on subjective observations in combination with physiological measures, such as heart rate (HR) and plasma cortisol concentrations, but these measures do...

  18. A novel approach to systematically compare behavioural patterns between and within groups of horses

    | Contributor(s):: Ellis, Andrea D., Stephenson, Melissa, Preece, Michaela, Harris, Pat

    This study piloted a multiple aspect approach to assess differences or changes in equine behaviour, using physiological (heart rates – HR, salivary cortisol – SC) and behavioural measures in various routine (feed-time, riding, turning out) and test situations (novel situation tests NS: 2×...

  19. Mother rearing of dairy calves: Reactions to isolation and to confrontation with an unfamiliar conspecific in a new environment

    | Contributor(s):: Wagner, Kathrin, Barth, Kerstin, Hillmann, Edna, Palme, Rupert, Futschik, Andreas, Waiblinger, Susanne

    The aim of this study was to test the effects of mother rearing on behavioural and physiological stress reactions of calves in challenging situations. Thus, we compared mother-reared and artificially reared calves that were kept in the same group but with varying contact with adults....

  20. Emotions in dogs being petted by a familiar or unfamiliar person: Validating behavioural indicators of emotional states using heart rate variability

    | Contributor(s):: Kuhne, Franziska, Hößler, Johanna C., Struwe, Rainer

    Although physical human–dog interactions have an important influence on the human–dog relationship, few studies have proposed the key factors of physical human–dog contact affecting the well-being of dogs. Therefore, our aim was to investigate the effect of physical human–dog contact on the...