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Resources (141-160 of 253)

  1. Individual differences in behaviour, physiology and pathology in breeding gilts housed in groups or stalls

    Contributor(s):: Geverink, N. A., Schouten, W. G. P., Gort, G., Wiegant, V. M.

    A number of studies in young pigs have demonstrated a relation between a variety of behavioural and physiological features and the degree of resistance displayed early in life in a so-called "backtest". The current study aimed at investigating the relation between the backtest response and the...

  2. An evaluation of the physiological affects of anticipation, activity arousal and recovery in sprinting Greyhounds

    Contributor(s):: Gillette, R. L., Angle, T. C., Sanders, J. S., DeGraves, F. J.

    This study was designed to separate the physically induced effects of activity from the psychologically induced effects of anticipation of activity. The purpose of this study was to determine if a psychological experience (i.e., activity anticipation) would cause a significant physiological...

  3. The behavioural, physiological and immunological responses of lambs from two rearing systems and two genotypes to exposure to humans

    Contributor(s):: Goddard, P. J., Fawcett, A. R., Macdonald, A. J., Reid, H. W.

    96 lambs of 2 genotypes (Scottish Blackface: BF and Texel x (Blue-faced Leicester x Scottish Blackface): T) were studied. From birth to weaning 1 of 2 management regimes was applied: extensive (E), whereby animals were handled as little as possible or semi-intensive (I), in which lambs...

  4. Emotional reactions to learning in cattle

    Contributor(s):: Hagen, K., Broom, D. M.

    It has been suggested that during instrumental learning, animals are likely to react emotionally to the reinforcer. They may in addition react emotionally to their own achievements. These reactions are of interest with regard to the animals' capacity for self-awareness. Therefore, we devised a...

  5. Physiological measurements after ovariohysterectomy in dogs: what's normal?

    Contributor(s):: Hansen, B. D., Hardie, E. M., Carroll, G. S.

    Twenty-two pet dogs presented to the North Carolina State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital for elective ovariohysterectomy were treated with oxymorphone 2.5 mg/msuperscript 2 (Surgery-O group, 11 dogs) or placebo (Surgery-P group, 11 dogs) immediately before the induction of anaesthesia...

  6. Do pigs distinguish between situations of different emotional valences during anticipation?

    Contributor(s):: Imfeld-Mueller, S., Wezemael, L. van, Stauffacher, M., Gygax, L., Hillmann, E.

    An animal's welfare is strongly affected by its emotional state. Thus, many recent studies have focused on measuring the emotional states and responses of animals. However, there is still a lack of knowledge on assessing positive emotions, although it is widely accepted that positive emotions are...

  7. Effects of handling on behaviour and heart rate in Konik horses: comparison of stable and forest reared youngstock

    Contributor(s):: Jezierski, T., Jaworski, Z., Gorecka, A.

    30 foals and young Konik horses born in 3 consecutive years and reared up to weaning, either in a forest reserve (R) or conventional stable (S), were compared with respect to behavioural reactions and heart rate (HR) during handling manipulations. The foals were randomly allocated within sex and...

  8. A review of pain assessment techniques and pharmacological approaches to pain relief after bovine castration: practical implications for cattle production within the United States. (Special Issue: Pain in farm animals.)

    Contributor(s):: Coetzee, J. F.

    Castration of male calves destined for beef production is a common livestock management practice in the United States amounting to approximately 7 million procedures per year. Recently there has been renewed interest in identifying methods to reduce pain associated with dehorning and castration....

  9. Habituation potential of yellow-eyed penguins depends on sex, character and previous experience with humans

    Contributor(s):: Ellenberg, Ursula, Mattern, Thomas, Seddon, Philip J.

  10. Effects of a trained therapy dog in child-centered play therapy on children's biobehavioral measures of anxiety

    Contributor(s):: Annette L. Athy

    This study was concerned with reducing children’s anticipatory anxiety when entering mental health services for the first time. The purpose of this study was to determine whether combining two effective modalities, play therapy and animal-assisted therapy, would be effective in decreasing...

  11. The effects of animal assisted interventions on children with autism during the movement assessment battery for children-2 (MABC-2)

    Contributor(s):: Dannielle L. Miccinello

  12. Psychosocial and psychophysiological effects of human-animal interactions: The possible role of oxytocin

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Andrea Beetz, Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg, Henri Julius, Kurt Kotrschal

    During the last decade it has become more widely accepted that pet ownership and animal assistance in therapy and education may have a multitude of positive effects on humans. Here, we review the evidence from 69 original studies on human-animal interactions (HAI) which met our inclusion...

  13. Are women's dogs less stressed and healthier than men's dogs? An investigation in the waiting room of a veterinary hospital

    | Contributor(s):: Boere, V., Scalon, M. C., Wiedemann, G. G. S.

    Dogs are able of discriminate several human behaviors, behaving of corresponding way. Some studies showed that the dogs possess propensities to be more sociable and less stressed when manipulated by women regarding the dogs manipulated by men. We investigated in this study if the dogs accompanied...

  14. Short-term interaction between dogs and their owners: effects on oxytocin, cortisol, insulin and heart rate - an exploratory study

    | Contributor(s):: Handlin, L., Hydbring-Sandberg, E., Nilsson, A., Ejdeback, M., Jansson, A., Uvnas-Moberg, K.

    The aim of this exploratory study was to determine heart rate and the levels of oxytocin, cortisol, and insulin in dogs and their owners in response to a short-term interaction. In addition, the dogs' behavior was studied. The owners' responses were compared with those obtained from a control...

  15. Effects of horseback riding and contact with horses on mood change and heart rate

    | Contributor(s):: Honda, Asako, Yamazaki, Katuo

  16. Effect of previous stroking on reactions to a veterinary procedure: Behaviour and heart rate of dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Schmied, Claudia, Boivin, Xavier, Scala, Sebastian, Waiblinger, Susanne

  17. RM and Beaux: reductions in cardiac activity in response to a pet snake

    | Contributor(s):: Eddy, T. J.

  18. Physiological effects of human/companion animal bonding

    | Contributor(s):: Baun, M. M., Bergstrom, N., Langston, N. F., Thoma, L.

  19. Cardiovascular Effects of Human-Pet Dog Interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Vormbrock, Julia, Grossberg, John

  20. Physiologic and behavioral responses to companion animals

    | Contributor(s):: Katcher, A. H.