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  1. Towards a more objective assessment of equine personality using behavioural and physiological observations from performance test training

    Contributor(s):: König von Borstel, Uta, Pasing, Stephanie, Gauly, Matthias

    Current definitions of horse personality traits are rather vague, lacking clear, universally accepted guidelines for evaluation in performance tests. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to screen behavioural and physiological measurements taken during riding for potential links with...

  2. Feed barrier design affects behaviour and physiology in goats

    Contributor(s):: Nordmann, Eva, Keil, Nina Maria, Schmied-Wagner, Claudia, Graml, Christine, Langbein, Jan, Aschwanden, Janine, von Hof, Jessica, Maschat, Kristina, Palme, Rupert, Waiblinger, Susanne

    Among other things, feed barrier design for goats can differ with regard to ease of leaving, backward view, and presence of physical separation. The aim of our study was to investigate whether the type of feed barrier influences agonistic behaviour and stress. The study involved 55 adult...

  3. Do pigs distinguish between situations of different emotional valences during anticipation?

    Contributor(s):: Imfeld-Mueller, Sabrina, Van Wezemael, Lea, Stauffacher, Markus, Gygax, Lorenz, Hillmann, Edna

    An animal's welfare is strongly affected by its emotional state. Thus, many recent studies have focused on measuring the emotional states and responses of animals. However, there is still a lack of knowledge on assessing positive emotions, although it is widely accepted that positive emotions are...

  4. Companion Dog Foster Caregiver Program for Older Veterans at the VA Maryland Health Care System: A Feasibility Study

    Contributor(s):: Ortmeyer, H. K., Robey, L. C.

    Veterans experience mental health conditions at a disproportionate rate compared to their civilian counterparts, and approximately 60% of older veterans who receive their care through the United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) do not meet physical activity (PA) recommendations. We...

  5. Animal-assisted therapy for patients in a minimally conscious state: A randomized two treatment multi-period crossover trial

    Contributor(s):: Hediger, K., Petignat, M., Marti, R., Hund-Georgiadis, M.

  6. Do dogs rescue their owners from a stressful situation? A behavioral and physiological assessment

    Contributor(s):: Carballo, F., Dzik, V., Freidin, E., Damian, J. P., Casanave, E. B., Bentosela, M.

  7. The Effect of Animal-Assisted Therapy on the State of Patients' Health After a Stroke: A Pilot Study

    Contributor(s):: Machova, K., Prochazkova, R., Riha, M., Svobodova, I.

  8. Observing Live Fish Improves Perceptions of Mood, Relaxation and Anxiety, But Does Not Consistently Alter Heart Rate or Heart Rate Variability

    Contributor(s):: Gee, N. R., Reed, T., Whiting, A., Friedmann, E., Snellgrove, D., Sloman, K. A.

  9. Indicators of stress in equitation

    Contributor(s):: König v. Borstel, U., Visser, E. K., Hall, C.

    Stress is a generic concept describing the body’s reaction to external stimuli, including both physiological and psychological factors. Therefore, by definition, the assessment of psychological stress in the exercising horse encompasses the problem of teasing apart the psychological and...

  10. The relationship between heart rate variability and canine aggression

    Contributor(s):: Craig, Lydia, Meyers-Manor, Julia E., Anders, Kate, Sütterlin, Stefan, Miller, Holly

    Dog aggression affects many, with nearly 5 million dog bites reported yearly in the United States alone. Dog bites inflict considerable physical, emotional, and monetary costs annually (American Humane Association, 2014). One physiological measure that might serve as an index of aggression in...

  11. Effects of simulated sea motion on stepping behaviour in sheep

    Contributor(s):: Navarro, Grisel, Santurtun, Eduardo, Phillips, Clive J. C.

    Animals respond to a moving floor during transport by stepping in different directions to maintain their balance, but little is known about the importance of different types of movement. Four sheep were restrained in a crate on a platform that could be programmed to provide the various movements...

  12. Validity and reliability of cardiac measures during behavioural tests in pet dogs at home

    Contributor(s):: Lensen, Rian C. M. M., Betremieux, Cécile, Bavegems, Valérie, Sys, Stanislas U., Moons, Christel P. H., Diederich, Claire

    Behavioural tests are often used to describe dogs’ responses to a variety of stimuli. However, the expressed behaviours do not always give an accurate indication of the dogs’ mental state. Cardiac measures can be recorded in parallel to the behavioural test to provide additional information about...

  13. Comparative well-being of horses kept under total or partial confinement prior to employment for mounted patrols

    Contributor(s):: Pessoa, Gabriela O., Trigo, Pablo, Mesquita Neto, Francisco D., Lacreta Junior, Antônio C. C., Sousa, Ticiana M., Muniz, Joel A., Moura, Raquel S.

    Horses kept in stables may exhibit undesirable behaviours and stress during police service. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of confinement, i.e., time in stalls, on horse behaviour and welfare employed by mounted patrols in urban areas. Eight adult horses were subjected...

  14. A two-stage method to approach weaning stress in horses using a physical barrier to prevent nursing

    Contributor(s):: Merkies, Katrina, DuBois, Cordelie, Marshall, Kaitlyn, Parois, Severine, Graham, Laura, Haley, Derek

    Many domestic horses are weaned through abrupt physical separation of the foal and mare. Deviations from normal behaviours testify that this abrupt method has an adverse effect on the well-being of both mares and foals. To reduce negative changes in behaviour and physiology induced by weaning, a...

  15. Effects of the method of restraint for shearing on behaviour and heart rate variability in alpacas

    Contributor(s):: Waiblinger, Susanne, Hajek, Franziska, Lambacher, Bianca, Wittek, Thomas

    Alpacas are increasingly kept in Europe for different purposes including fibre production. Yearly shearing is necessary to harvest fibre and for welfare reasons. Different methods of restraint are used during shearing, which may affect the welfare of the animals differently. The aim of the study...

  16. Responses of dams versus non-nursing cows to machine milking in terms of milk performance, behaviour and heart rate with and without additional acoustic, olfactory or manual stimulation

    Contributor(s):: Zipp, Katharina A., Barth, Kerstin, Rommelfanger, Eike, Knierim, Ute

    There is increasing interest in dam rearing where dairy cows are milked and nurse their calves additionally. One shortcoming in dam rearing is the impaired alveolar milk ejection, which lowers the milk yield obtainable by machine milking. In this study dams and non-nursing dairy cows were...

  17. Poker Face: Discrepancies in behaviour and affective states in horses during stressful handling procedures

    Contributor(s):: Squibb, Keith, Griffin, Kym, Favier, Rebecca, Ijichi, Carrie

    Correct assessment of stress in horses is important for both horse welfare and handler safety during necessary aversive procedures. Handlers depend on behaviour when judging how well an individual is tolerating stressful procedures such as loading or veterinary intervention. However, evidence...

  18. Cage size affects comfort, safety and the experienced security of working dogs in cars

    Contributor(s):: Skånberg, Lena, Gauffin, Oskar, Norling, Yezica, Lindsjö, Johan, Keeling, Linda J.

    Working dogs often spend a large amount of their time in cars. It has been hypothesized that a larger compartment in the car would be more comfortable for the dog, but that a smaller space could be safer, especially while driving. This presents a potential conflict. In this study, working dogs of...

  19. Behavioural and physiological responses of therapy horses to mentally traumatized humans

    Contributor(s):: Merkies, Katrina, McKechnie, Marnie J., Zakrajsek, Emily

    The benefits to humans of equine-assisted therapy (EAT) have been well-researched, however few studies have analyzed the effects on the horse. Understanding how differing mental states of humans affect the behaviour and response of the horse can assist in providing optimal outcomes for both horse...

  20. Stranger danger? An investigation into the influence of human-horse bond on stress and behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Ijichi, Carrie, Griffin, Kym, Squibb, Keith, Favier, Rebecca

    Human-animal bond is receiving increasing attention and is thought to confer benefits on well-being and performance in working animals. One important benefit of bonding is the "safe base" an attachment figure provides, which manifests in better coping and increased exploration during potential...