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  1. Using technology to monitor and improve zoo animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Whitham, J. C., Miller, L. J.

  2. The Experience of Animal Assisted Therapy on Patients in an Acute Care Setting

    Contributor(s):: Coakley, A. B., Annese, C. D., Empoliti, J. H., Flanagan, J. M.

  3. Effect of a Canine-Assisted Read Aloud Intervention on Reading Ability and Physiological Response: A Pilot Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Suk-Chun Fung

    The aim of this study was to determine whether there is an increase in the reading fluency and accuracy of three lower performing third-graders after participating in a canine-assisted read-aloud program, as well as an increase in the relaxation level during and after the program. This study...

  4. Behavioral and Physiological Differences between Working Horses and Chilean Rodeo Horses in a Handling Test

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paula Rosselot, Tiago Mendonça, Igor González, Tamara Tadich

    Non-invasive measures are preferred when assessing animal welfare. Differences in behavioral and physiological responses toward a stressor could be the result of the selection of horses for specific uses. Behavioral and physiological responses of working and Chilean rodeo horses subjected to a...

  5. Equine Activities Influence Horses' Responses to Different Stimuli: Could This Have an Impact on Equine Welfare?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tiago Mendonça, Cécile Bienboire-Frosini, Izabela Kowalczyk, Julien Leclercq, Sana Arroub, Patrick Pageat

    The learning and cognitive challenges that horses may face differ according to the activities in which they are involved. The aim of this investigation was to study the influence of equine activities on the behavioral responses and autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity of adult horses....

  6. More Than "Just" Walking: An Observational Study of Dog-Related Physical Activities

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Benedikt Hielscher, Udo Ganslosser, Ingo Froboese

    Dog ownership has been shown to correlate with physical activity (PA). However, knowledge about the intensities of dog-related PA (drPA) is still lacking. To investigate the duration and intensity of drPA in consideration of PA guidelines, an observational study of dog owners (DO) was...

  7. Effects of Proximity between Companion Dogs and Their Caregivers on Heart Rate Variability Measures in Older Adults: A Pilot Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Heidi K. Ortmeyer, Leslie I. Katzel

    Heart rate variability (HRV) is a noninvasive tool used to evaluate autonomic nervous system function and is affected by age, stress, postural changes, and physical activity. Dog ownership has been associated with higher 24-hr HRV and increased physical activity compared to nonowners. The current...

  8. Effect of Equine-Assisted Activities on Cardiac Autonomic Function in Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Pilot Randomized-Controlled Trial

    | Contributor(s):: Park, I. K., Lee, J. Y., Suk, M. H., Yoo, S., Seo, Y. G., Oh, J. K., Kwon, J. Y.

  9. Repeatable individual differences in behaviour and physiology in juvenile horses from an early age

    | Contributor(s):: Manrique, Lucía Pérez, Bánszegi, Oxána, Hudson, Robyn, Szenczi, Péter

    Most people living or working in close association with animals are familiar with individual differences in their behaviour, and awareness is growing that understanding such differences can contribute to improved management, production and welfare. Nevertheless, due to the considerable logistic...

  10. Interaction with Caged Budgerigars (Melopsittacus Undulatus) Enhances Human Affect

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jones, Autumn G., Skolnick, Alexander J., Anderson, Matthew J.

    Research interest in the benefits of human–animal interaction (HAI) has grown within the scientific community. One current limitation in the HAI literature however, is that the majority of research focuses on the beneficial effects of dogs and cats, paying less attention to other species...

  11. Rider effects on horses’ conflict behaviour, rein tension, physiological measures and rideability scores

    | Contributor(s):: Christensen, Janne Winther, Munk, Rikke, Hawson, Lesley, Palme, Rupert, Larsen, Torben, Egenvall, Agneta, König von Borstel, Uta U., Rørvang, Maria Vilain

  12. Dually investigated: The effect of a pressure headcollar on the behaviour, discomfort and stress of trained horses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ijichi, Carrie, Wild, Hayley, Dai, Francesca, Bordin, Alexandre, Cameron-Whytock, Heather, White, Samuel J., Yarnell, Kelly, Starbuck, Gareth, Jolivald, Aurelie, Birkbeck, Lauren, Hallam, Sarah, Costa, Emanuela Dalla

    The Dually™ is a control headcollar designed to improve equine behaviour during handling challenges by applying greater pressure than a standard headcollar. Previous research indicated it did not improve compliance in naïve horses but did result in higher Horse Grimace Scale scores...

  13. Balancing skill against difficulty - behavior, heart rate and heart rate variability of shelter dogs during two different introductions of an interactive game

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Arhant, Christine, Altrichter, Bernadette, Lehenbauer, Sandra, Waiblinger, Susanne, Schmied-Wagner, Claudia, Yee, Jason

    Interactive games may boost positive well-being by combining the benefits of rewards with cognitive and social enrichment. However, a hasty introduction can lead to low success and frustration. We examine two methods of introducing an interactive game to dogs to test whether they elicit...

  14. The Effect of Noseband Tightening on Horses' Behavior, Eye Temperature, and Cardiac Responses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kate Fenner, Samuel Yoon, Peter White, Melissa Starling, Paul McGreevy

    Restrictive nosebands are common in equestrian sport. This is concerning, as recent evidence suggests that very tight nosebands can cause a physiological stress response, and may compromise welfare. The objective of the current study was to investigate relationships that noseband tightness has...

  15. Equine-assisted therapeutic activities and their influence on the heart rate variability: A systematic review

    | Contributor(s):: García-Gómez, A., Guerrero-Barona, E., García-Peña, I., Rodríguez-Jiménez, M., Moreno-Manso, J. M.

  16. Investigation of Physiological and Behavioral Responses in Dogs Participating in Animal-Assisted Therapy with Children Diagnosed with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    | Contributor(s):: Melco, A. L., Goldman, L., Fine, A. H., Peralta, J. M.

  17. The Impact of Equine-Assisted Therapy on Equine Behavioral and Physiological Responses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tiago Mendonça, Cécile Bienboire-Frosini, Fanny Menuge, Julien Leclercq, Céline Lafont-Lecuelle, Sana Arroub, Patrick Pageat

    Equine-assisted therapies (EATs) have been widely used in the treatment of patients with mental or physical conditions. However, studies on the influence of equine-assisted therapy (EAT) on equine welfare are very recent, and the need for further research is often highlighted. The aim of this...

  18. Case Study: Composite Material Yoke Versus Wooden Yoke for Bullocks’ Comfort

    | Contributor(s):: Tyagi, Ram Kumar, Singh, Achhaibar

    This article addresses the designing of a yoke used to get work output (plowing) from bullocks. The yoke profile was designed in compliance with the profile of the bullock’s body for maximum contact area. Unlike the crude, wooden yoke used in rural India, where modern tilling equipment like a...

  19. Effects of Human–Dog Interactions on Salivary Oxytocin Concentrations and Heart Rate Variability: A Four-Condition Cross-Over Trial

    | Contributor(s):: Powell, Lauren, Edwards, Kate M., Michael, Scott, McGreevy, Paul, Bauman, Adrian, Guastella, Adam J., Drayton, Bradley, Stamatakis, Emmanuel

    Dog ownership is often advocated for its potential benefits to human health, with changes to oxytocin and autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity proposed as possible underlying mechanisms. The aims of the current study were to a) examine the effect of two common types of human–dog interactions...

  20. Veterans and Shelter Dogs: Examining the Impact of a Dog-Walking Intervention on Physiological and Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms

    | Contributor(s):: Krause-Parello, Cheryl A., Friedmann, Erika, Blanchard, Kelly, Payton, Megan, Gee, Nancy R.

    When military veterans return from service many are in a state of reintegration from military to civilian life, a transition that can be difficult and stressful. Recent literature supports the use of human–animal interactions to reduce stress. To date there have been few studies that examine the...