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  1. Study on blood physiology characteristics in working dogs

    Contributor(s):: Yang, JiaQiang, Cao, JingFeng, Du, XiaoPeng, Kong, XiaoYan, Yan, DaWei

    Adult working dog has to do a lot of intense physical training every day. The blood physiology and hemorheological indexes were measured in three adult working dogs (Kunming, German shepherd, Belgian malinois) and one indigenous breed in Kunming. The results showed that the number of red blood...

  2. Dairy calves' preference for rearing substrate

    Contributor(s):: Worth, G. M., Schutz, K. E., Stewart, M., Cave, V. M., Foster, M., Sutherland, M. A.

    Traditional substrate types for dairy calves, such as sawdust, are becoming difficult and/or expensive for farmers to obtain in New Zealand. Therefore, there is a need to evaluate alternative rearing substrates that provide an acceptable level of animal welfare. The preference of dairy calves for...

  3. An initial investigation into the effects of isolation and enrichment on the welfare of laboratory pigs housed in the PigTurn system, assessed using tear staining, behaviour, physiology and haematology

    Contributor(s):: DeBoer, S. P., Garner, J. P., McCain, R. R., Lay, D. C., Jr., Eicher, S. D., Marchant-Forde, J. N.

    In some parts of the world, the laboratory pig ( Sus scrofa) is often housed in individual, sterile housing which may impose stress. Our objectives were to determine the effects of isolation and enrichment on pigs housed within the PigTurn - a novel penning system with automated blood sampling -...

  4. A bio-behavioral study of chronic idiopathic colitis in the rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta). (Special Issue: The welfare of laboratory primates.)

    Contributor(s):: Howell, S., White, D., Ingram, S., Jackson, R., Larin, J., Morales, P., Garcia, A. P., Hicks, C., Hopper, K., Wagner, J.

  5. A field assessment of the effect of pre-slaughter conditions and genetic-stress susceptibility on blood welfare indicators in pigs

    Contributor(s):: Guardia, M. D., Estany, J., Alvarez-Rodriguez, J., Manteca, X., Tor, M., Oliver, M. A., Gispert, M., Diestre, A.

  6. Physiological and welfare consequences of transport, relocation, and acclimatization of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). (Special Issue: The welfare of laboratory primates.)

    Contributor(s):: Schapiro, S. J., Lambeth, S. P., Jacobsen, K. R., Williams, L. E., Nehete, B. N., Nehete, P. N.

  7. Sheep exhibit a positive judgement bias and stress-induced hyperthermia following shearing

    Contributor(s):: Sanger, M. E., Doyle, R. E., Hinch, G. N., Lee, C.

    The detection of judgement biases may improve welfare evaluations by measuring the cognitive component, particularly the valence, of affective states. Judgement biases have been successfully demonstrated in various laboratory animals but only recently in sheep. Chronic stressors have been found...

  8. Suffering in diseased pigs as expressed by behavioural, clinical and clinical-chemical traits, in a well defined parasite model. (Special Issue: Animal suffering and welfare.)

    Contributor(s):: Reiner, G., Hubner, K., Hepp, S.

    In assessing the quality of life of farm animals, the absence of disease has been given highest priority. During the course of infection, sickness and suffering refer to a coordinated set of behavioural and physiological changes. For a better understanding and assessment of animal suffering due...

  9. Activity, oral behaviour and slaughter data as welfare indicators in veal calves: a comparison of three housing systems

    Contributor(s):: Bokkers, E. A. M., Koene, P.

    A study was conducted to compare activity, oral behaviour and slaughter data of veal calves kept in three different housing systems: (1) individual housing (IH) where calves are kept in individual crates, (2) group housing (GH) where calves are kept in individual crates during the first 8 weeks...

  10. Are women's dogs less stressed and healthier than men's dogs? An investigation in the waiting room of a veterinary hospital

    Contributor(s):: Boere, V., Scalon, M. C., Wiedemann, G. G. S.

    Dogs are able of discriminate several human behaviors, behaving of corresponding way. Some studies showed that the dogs possess propensities to be more sociable and less stressed when manipulated by women regarding the dogs manipulated by men. We investigated in this study if the dogs accompanied...

  11. Animal-based measures for welfare assessment

    Contributor(s):: Sevi, A.

    Animal welfare assessment cannot be irrespective of measures taken on animals. Indeed, housing parameters related to structures, design and micro-environment, even when reliable and easier to take, can only identify conditions which could be detrimental to animal welfare, but cannot predict poor...

  12. Modification of the responses of sheep to isolation stress by the use of mirror panels

    Contributor(s):: Parrott, R. F., Houpt, K. A., Misson, B. H.

    The behavioural responses of 6 adult Clun Forest castrated male sheep were recorded for 105 minutes while individual sheep were held in an isolation pen in a small hut. The pen was provided with reversible mirror panels so that the animals could be tested under "mirror" and "no mirror"...

  13. Behavioural and adrenocortical coping strategies and the effect on eosinophil leucocyte level and heterophil/lymphocyte-ratio in beech marten ( Martes foina )

    Contributor(s):: Hansen, S. W., Damgaard, B. M.

  14. Release from restraint generates a positive judgement bias in sheep

    Contributor(s):: Doyle, R. E., Fisher, A. D., Hinch, G. N., Boissy, A., Lee, C.

    The study of judgement biases in animals has attracted interest as a way of potentially measuring emotional states by being able to detect pessimistic-like or optimistic-like evaluations of their environment. While judgement biases have been successfully identified in laboratory species, no such...

  15. The effects of handling procedures, breed differences and treatment with lithium and dexamethasone on some blood parameters in sheep

    Contributor(s):: Fenwick, D. C., Green, D. J.

    To test the effects of intravenous lithium chloride (LC) in healthy sheep, 15 aged Merinos and 15 aged Border Leicester ewes were infused with either LC (20 mg/kg body weight), LC (20 mg/kg) and dexamethasone (1 ml of 0.2% solution per 40 kg), or saline. Blood samples were taken at the time of...

  16. Adrenocorticotrophin-induced stress response in captive vicunas ( Vicugna vicugna ) in the Andes of Chile

    Contributor(s):: Bonacic, C., Macdonald, D. W., Villouta, G.

    The vicuna is mainly used in two ways: wild captured, shorn and returned to the wild; or wild captured and maintained in captivity as part of a programme of sustainable use in the Andes of South America. Farming of wild vicunas has hitherto involved no assessment of their welfare. In this study a...

  17. An examination of some physiological variables for assessing the welfare of beef cattle in feedlots

    Contributor(s):: Wilson, S. C., Fell, L. R., Colditz, I. G., Collins, D. P.

    Some physiological variables which could aid in assessing the welfare of beef cattle in feedlots were screened in this exploratory study. In two experiments, each of 42 days duration, the physiological responses of Bos taurus steers to three treatments were investigated: pasture (rotation between...

  18. Behavioural and physiological responses of suckling lambs to transport and lairage

    Contributor(s):: Ibanez, M., Fuente, J. de la, Thos, J., Gonzalez de Chavarri, E.

    The effects on suckling lambs of two stocking densities during transport (high stocking density: eight lambs per m2; low stocking density: four lambs per m2) and two periods of lairage before slaughter (1.5 and 3 h) were studied. The behaviour of lambs transported for short-duration journeys at...

  19. Haematological and biochemical responses of red foxes ( Vulpes vulpes ) to different capture methods and shooting

    Contributor(s):: Marks, C. A.

    This paper sought to determine whether common haematology and blood biochemistry values might assist in determining the relative welfare outcomes arising from the capture of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) by treadle-snares, Victor Soft CatchReg. (VSC) #3 traps, cage traps, netting and sampling by...

  20. Influence of dry feed supplements on different parameters of welfare in veal calves

    Contributor(s):: Morisse, J. P., Cotte, J. P., Huonnic, D., Martrenchar, A.

    Behavioural, physiological and performance traits were compared in 3 groups of veal calves fed on a routine all-liquid diet with milk substitute (G0) or the same diet supplemented with a total of 10 kg (G10) or 25 kg (G25) of pelleted straw and cereals. Each of the 3 feeding programmes involved...