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  1. The urinary hormonal state of cats associated with social interaction with humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nagasawa, T., Ohta, M., Uchiyama, H.

    Research to assess the relationship between cats and humans is in a nascent stage. Some studies have assessed the stress status in cats using physiological indicators, such as the cortisol hormone, but have not focused on the social interaction with humans. Moreover, the role of oxytocin...

  2. Ultrasonographic examination of equine fetal growth parameters throughout gestation in pony for Equine-Assisted Therapy

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gao, Y., Hannan, M. A., Murata, K., Rajabi-Toustani, R., Nambo, Y.

    Equine-Assisted Therapy (EAT) is gaining popularity. Ultrasound examination is used to decrease the abortion rate in horses. In this study, to monitor fetal well-being throughout the gestation for EAT, we measured fetal heart rate (FHR), fetal eye orbit (FEO), fetal gonad length (FGL), fetal...

  3. The role of hormones during equine-assisted activity and therapy: a literature review

    | Contributor(s):: Ferlazzo, A., Fazio, E., Cravana, C., Medica, P.

  4. Impacts of Tourism on the Ecophysiology of the Endangered Northern Bahamian Rock Iguana (Cyclura Cychlura)

    | Contributor(s):: Webb, Alison C.

  5. Routine handling does not lead to chronic stress in captive green anole (Anolis carolinensis)

    | Contributor(s):: Borgmans, G., Palme, R., Sannen, A., Vervaecke, H., Van Damme, R.

  6. Reducing the effect of pre-slaughter fasting on the stress response of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

    | Contributor(s):: Bermejo-Poza, R., De la Fuente, J., Perez, C., Lauzurica, S., de Chavarri, E. G., Diaz, M. T., Villarroel, M.

  7. Hang on: an evaluation of the hemp rope as environmental enrichment in C57BL/6 mice

    | Contributor(s):: Gjendal, K., Sorensen, D. B., Kiersgaard, M. K., Ottesen, J. L.

  8. Fit for transport? Broiler chicken fitness assessment for transportation to slaughter

    | Contributor(s):: Jacobs, L., Delezie, E., Duchateau, L., Goethals, K., Vermeulen, D., Buyse, J., Tuyttens, F. A. M.

  9. Behavioral interactions and glucocorticoid production of Somali wild ass (Equus africanus somaliensis) mothers and foals

    | Contributor(s):: Kozlowski, Corinne P., Baskir, Eli, Clawitter, Helen L., Franklin, Ashley D., Thier, Tim, Fischer, Martha, Powell, David M., Asa, Cheryl S.

  10. Ovariectomy Impairs Socio-Cognitive Functions in Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Scandurra, Alessandra Alterisio, Anna Di Cosmo, Antonio D’Ambrosio, Biagio D’Aniello

    Recent studies have underlined the effect of ovariectomy on the spatial cognition of female dogs, with ovariectomized dogs showing a clear preference for an egocentric rather than an allocentric navigation strategy whereas intact females did not show preferences. Intact females had better...

  11. Parental Habituation to Human Disturbance Over Time Reduces Fear of Humans in Coyote Offspring

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Christopher J. Schell, Julie K. Young, Elizabeth V. Lonsdorf, Rachel M. Santymire, Jill M. Mateo

    A fundamental tenet of maternal effects assumes that maternal variance over time should have discordant consequences for offspring traits across litters. Yet, seldom are parents observed across multiple reproductive bouts, with few studies considerā€ ing anthropogenic disturbances as an...

  12. Effects of Short-Distance Recreational Mushing on Oxytocin, Gastrin, and Creatinine Kinase in Sled Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Leggieri, Leonardo Ramón, Marozzi, Antonela, Panebianco, Antonella, Gregorio, Pablo, Carmanchahi, Pablo

    A considerable increase in creatinine kinase (CK) activity and gastrin hormone due to exercise has been observed in sled dogs during endurance mushing races; however, there have been no studies on sled dogs during recreational mushing. Although oxytocin hormone is involved in social behaviors and...

  13. Behavioral reactions relate to adrenal activity and temperament in male clouded leopards (Neofelis nebulosa)

    | Contributor(s):: DeCaluwe, Heather B., Wielebnowski, Nadja C., Howard, JoGayle, Pelican, Katharine M., Ottinger, Mary Ann

    Due to strong intra-specific aggression and frequent adverse reactions to changes encountered in the captive setting, clouded leopards (Neofelis nebulosa) are particularly difficult to manage as a self-sustaining population in zoos. The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of behavioral...

  14. Behavior of feral horses in response to culling and GnRH immunocontraception

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ransom, Jason I., Powers, Jenny G., Garbe, Heidi M., Oehler, Michael W., Nett, Terry M., Baker, Dan L.

    Wildlife management actions can alter fundamental behaviors of individuals and groups, which may directly impact their life history parameters in unforeseen ways. This is especially true for highly social animals because changes in one individual's behavior can cascade throughout its social...

  15. Environmental enrichment exerts anxiolytic effects in the Indian field mouse (Mus booduga)

    | Contributor(s):: Ragu Varman, Durairaj, Marimuthu, Ganapathy, Emmanuvel Rajan, Koilmani

    Environmental enrichment (EE) is known to have behavioral and physiological anxiolytic effects in several animal models. However, it is as yet unclear how EE modulates behavior of wild animals and the underlying molecular mechanisms. The adult male field mouse Mus booduga (n=42) captured at...

  16. The effects of gestagen implants on the behaviour of free-ranging female koalas

    | Contributor(s):: Hynes, Emily F., Handasyde, Kathrine A., Shaw, Geoff, Renfree, Marilyn B.

    Hormonal contraception is an increasingly important management tool for control of highly abundant populations of wildlife but may have both predictable and unpredictable effects on behaviour, with consequent implications for management and animal welfare. In a study of free-ranging koalas we...

  17. Behavioural and physiological responses of captive wombats (Lasiorhinus latifrons) to regular handling by humans

    | Contributor(s):: Hogan, Lindsay A., Johnston, Stephen D., Lisle, Allan T., Keeley, Tamara, Wong, Phoenix, Nicolson, Vere, Horsup, Alan B., Janssen, Tina, Phillips, Clive J. C.

    The response of animals to handling by humans has been extensively evaluated in domesticated livestock, but rarely examined in wildlife species. Twelve captive wombats (Lasiorhinus latifrons) were subjected to two treatments in a replicated design: (1) daily handling, involving 15min of tactile...

  18. Faecal cortisol metabolites as an indicator of adrenocortical activity in farmed silver foxes (Vulpes vulpes)

    | Contributor(s):: Hovland, Anne Lene, Rød, Anne Marit S., Eriksen, Marit Skog, Palme, Rupert, Nordgreen, Janicke, Mason, Georgia J.

    Measuring glucocorticoid metabolites in faeces has proven a useful, non-invasive method to monitor adrenocortical activity in several farm and wild species. Unlike plasma cortisol, whose sampling requires restraint and blood draws, faecal cortisol metabolites (FCM) may be particularly suitable...

  19. Effects of rearing conditions on behavioural responses, social kinetics and physiological parameters in gilthead sea bream Sparus aurata

    | Contributor(s):: Sánchez-Muros, María José, Sánchez, Belén, Barroso, Fernando G., Toniolo, Martín, Trenzado, Cristina E., Sanz Rus, Ana

    Knowing the best conditions to culture fish it is an important issue for aquaculture. Stocking density and routine handling are two factors with a great influence the outcome. This experiment examined the effects of different rearing conditions, corresponding to medium density (10kg/m3; MD), high...

  20. Associations between the dominance status and sexual development, skin lesions or feeding behaviour of intact male pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Parois, Severine, Larzul, Catherine, Prunier, Armelle

    In boars, social relationships could influence pubertal development and feeding behaviour. The objectives of the present study were to determine the relationships between behaviour (agonistic, mounting and feeding behaviours), plasma sex steroids (oestradiol, testosterone) and fat androstenone. A...