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  1. Prevention of Equine Cruelty Act of 2008

    [House Report 110-901][From the U.S. Government Printing Office]This bill makes it illegal to possess, ship, transport, purchase, sell, deliver, or receive any horse with the intent that it be slaughtered for human consumption. The bill also makes it illegal to engage in the above conduct with...

  2. The horse protection act

    Full-text: Available

    The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) enforces the Horse Protection Act (HPA). The HPA is a Federal law that prohibits horses subjected to a practice called soring from participating in shows, sales, exhibitions, or auctions. The HPA...

  3. "I throw them out of here": the horse trade as phronetic action

    | Contributor(s):: Schuurman, N.

    Practices involving horses have become increasingly popular in the spheres of sport and leisure throughout the Western world, and the trade in selling horses has expanded. The horse is characteristically understood as a commodity to be bought and sold several times during its lifetime. What is...

  4. A Critical Analysis of the British Horseracing Authority's Review of the Use of the Whip in Horseracing

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bidda Jones, Jed Goodfellow, James Yeates, Paul D. Mcgreevy

    There is increasing controversy about the use of the whip as a performance aid in Thoroughbred horseracing and its impact on horse welfare. This paper offers a critical analysis of the British Horseracing Authority’s (BHA) 2011 Report Responsible Regulation:A Review of the Use of the...

  5. A cross-sectional epidemiological study of prevalence and severity of bit-induced oral trauma in polo ponies and race horses

    | Contributor(s):: Mata, F., Johnson, C., Bishop, C.

    Bit and bridle accessories improperly fitted in ridden horses can cause oral trauma such as bone spurs, commissure ulceration, and tongue lacerations. This study was used to identify, grade, and compare the types of oral traumas commonly found within polo ponies and race horses. Injuries were...

  6. A nonnatural head-neck position ( Rollkur ) during training results in less acute stress in elite, trained, dressage horses

    | Contributor(s):: Breda, E. van

    This study measured parameters of stress in recreational, trained horses (REC; n=7) and elite (International Grand Prix level) trained, dressage horses (DRES; n=5). The training of the DRES horses uses an unnatural head-neck position (Rollkur), whereas in the REC horses such training techniques...

  7. A note on a behavioural indicator of satisfaction in stabled horses

    | Contributor(s):: Ninomiya, S., Sato, S., Kusunose, R., Mitumasu, T., Obara, Y.

    We observed the behaviour of six stabled horses (stallions n=3; geldings n=3) in an attempt to identify behavioural measures of eating satisfaction. The horses were required to perform an operant response (pressing a button with the muzzle) in order to access a food reward in an experimental box...

  8. A note on the time budget and social behaviour of densely housed horses: a case study in Arab breeding mares

    | Contributor(s):: Benhajali, H., Richard-Yris, M. A., Leroux, M., Ezzaouia, M., Charfi, F., Hausberger, M.

    We observed a high-density herd (200 mares/ha) of 44 Arab breeding mares, while in a bare paddock in Tunisia. Twenty-minute animal focal samples and scan sampling were used to determine the time budget of the mares during the period from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. and study their social behaviour. The data...

  9. A Pilot Welfare Assessment of Working Ponies on Gili Trawangan, Indonesia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tova C. Pinsky, I Ketut Puja, Joshua Aleri, Jennifer Hood, Maria M. Sasadara, Teresa Collins

    Many working equids in developing countries experience poor health and welfare due to environmental and management factors. Collecting baseline data on these populations is essential to inform education projects to improve equid health and welfare. Gili Trawangan is an island in Indonesia that...

  10. A Powerful Approach or the Power of Horses: Is Equine-Assisted Psychotherapy an Effective Technique or the Natural Effect of Horses?

    | Contributor(s):: Jessica S. Iwachiw

    The lives of humans and animals have been intertwined through time immemorial, and in many instances the relationship between humans and animals has been thought to be good for human well-being. As such, it is not surprising that treatments for a wide range of ailments, from physical to...

  11. A preliminary study investigating the physical welfare and welfare code compliance for tethered and free-ranging horses on common land in South Wales

    | Contributor(s):: Samuel, E. K., Whay, H. R., Mullan, S.

  12. A preliminary study on the utilization of an onboard watering system by horses during commercial transport

    | Contributor(s):: Iacono, C. M., Friend, T. H., Johnson, R. D., Krawczel, P. D., Archer, G. S.

    This study determined if slaughter horses would drink from an onboard watering system in a commercial semi-trailer, provided an estimate of how long water needed to be available, and determined if water consumption reduced weight loss. Three shipments to either Fort Worth or Morton, Texas of...

  13. A Proposal for a Comprehensive Human-Animal Approach of Evaluation for Animal-Assisted Interventions

    | Contributor(s):: Lerner, H.

    Background: An important field of human-animal interactions is animal-assisted interventions (AAIs), which refers to research on human-animal interactions in order to promote or facilitate health or education in humans. Very few studies among the rich literature on AAIs seem to include aspects of...

  14. A retrospective survey of riders' opinions of the use of saddle pads in horses

    | Contributor(s):: Hawson, L. A., McLean, A. N., McGreevy, P. D.

    Horse riders have used layers between saddles and their horse's back since ancient times. Despite the apparent common usage of such layers, most research regarding pressures under horses' saddles seems to have been conducted without such layers present. An online survey of equestrian riders was...

  15. A review of scientific literature on inherited disorders in domestic horse breeds

    | Contributor(s):: Bettley, C. D., Cardwell, J. M., Collins, L. M., Asher, L.

  16. A Study of Traveller Horse Owners' Attitudes to Horse Care and Welfare Using an Equine Body Condition Scoring System

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marie Rowland, Tamsin Coombs, Melanie Connor

    Traveller horses are often perceived to be exposed to poor welfare due to Travellers’ traditional way of horsemanship. However, few studies have investigated Traveller horse welfare. Hence, the present study aims to explore Traveller horse owners’ attitudes to horse care and...

  17. A study on validity and reliability of on-farm tests to measure human-animal relationship in horses and donkeys

    | Contributor(s):: Costa, E. dalla, Dai, F., Murray, L. A. M., Guazzetti, S., Canali, E., Minero, M.

    The development and maintenance of a positive human-horse/donkey relationship is essential in order to decrease accidents and reduce negative states of equine welfare. In many animal species the reaction of animals to humans during specific behavioural tests is influenced by their past...

  18. A survey of foal rejecting mares

    | Contributor(s):: Houpt, K., Lieb, S.

  19. A tool for the evaluation of slaughter horse welfare during unloading

    | Contributor(s):: Messori, S., Visser, E. K., Buonanno, M., Ferrari, P., Barnard, S., Borciani, M., Ferri, N.

    This study aimed to develop a scientific and practical tool to be used to assess horse welfare after commercial transport over long journeys. A set of physical, behavioural and environmental measures was selected, covering welfare aspects of both transport and unloading procedures. The protocol...

  20. A welfare assessment scoring system for working equids - a method for identifying at risk populations and for monitoring progress of welfare enhancement strategies (trialed in Egypt)

    | Contributor(s):: Ali, A. B. A., El-Sayed, M. A., Matoock, M. Y., Fouad, M. A., Heleski, C. R.

    There are an estimated 112 million horses, donkeys and mules (i.e., working equids) in developing regions of the world. Though their roles are often fundamental to the well-being of the families they work for, their welfare is often severely compromised due to the limited resources and/or limited...