Irish Equine Industry Stakeholder Perspectives of Objective Technology for Biomechanical Analyses in the Field
| Contributor(s):: Sonja Egan, Pieter Brama, Denise McGrath
Wearable sensing technologies are increasingly used in human and equine gait research to improve ecological validity of research findings. It is unclear how these tools have penetrated the equine industry or what perspectives industry stakeholders’ hold in relation to these relatively new...
Psychological and Physical Benefits of Interactions with Horses
| Contributor(s):: Jillian Hatcher, Clay Cavinder, Courtney P. Heaton, Lesli Figueiredo, Alex Holtcamp, Thu Dinh
Although much research exists concerning how horses can benefit people with specific debilitating impairments, relatively few studies have pursued what benefit horses offer people in the way of stress relief and improved quality of life. Study participants interacted with horses by grooming...
Eye Blink Rates and Eyelid Twitches as a Non-Invasive Measure of Stress in the Domestic Horse
| Contributor(s):: Katrina Merkies, Chloe Ready, Leanne Farkas, Abigail Hodder
Physiological changes provide indices of stress responses, however, behavioural measures may be easier to determine. Spontaneous eye blink rate has potential as a non-invasive indicator of stress. Eyelid movements, along with heart rate (HR) and behaviour, from 33 horses were evaluated over...
Epidemiology of Equestrian Accidents: a Literature Review
| Contributor(s):: Lauren Meredith, Robert Ekman, Karin Brolin
Purpose: This manuscript aimed to present a review of the literature pertaining to horse riding and other horse-related injuries. Method: A review of the literature was performed, searching for appropriate terms with regards to horse accidents, horse riding injuries and protective clothing for...
The Blood and Muscle Expression Pattern of the Equine TCAP Gene during the Race Track Training of Arabian Horses
| Contributor(s):: Monika Stefaniuk-Szmukier, Tomasz Szmatoła, Joanna Łatka, Bogusława Długosz, Katarzyna Ropka-Molik
Horse musculature has been shaped through evolution by environmental and human factors, which has resulted in several extraordinary adaptations to physical effort. Skeletal muscle plasticity results from the response to mechanical stimulation causing hypertrophy, where sarcomeres increase the...
Painting with Horses Towards Interspecies Response-ability: Non-human Charisma as Material Affect
| Contributor(s):: Madeleine Boyd
Leading up to the 2014 Melbourne Cup three communication modes were employed by unrelated horse welfare activists to raise awareness of cruelty in the racing industry. The intention to increase empathy with horses ties together these efforts, which are characterised as written, visual and...
Behavioral and Physiological Differences between Working Horses and Chilean Rodeo Horses in a Handling Test
| Contributor(s):: Paula Rosselot, Tiago Mendonça, Igor González, Tamara Tadich
Non-invasive measures are preferred when assessing animal welfare. Differences in behavioral and physiological responses toward a stressor could be the result of the selection of horses for specific uses. Behavioral and physiological responses of working and Chilean rodeo horses subjected to a...
Equine Activities Influence Horses' Responses to Different Stimuli: Could This Have an Impact on Equine Welfare?
| Contributor(s):: Tiago Mendonça, Cécile Bienboire-Frosini, Izabela Kowalczyk, Julien Leclercq, Sana Arroub, Patrick Pageat
The learning and cognitive challenges that horses may face differ according to the activities in which they are involved. The aim of this investigation was to study the influence of equine activities on the behavioral responses and autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity of adult horses....
Voluntary Rein Tension in Horses When Moving Unridden in a Dressage Frame Compared with Ridden Tests of the Same Horses—A Pilot Study
| Contributor(s):: Lara Piccolo, Kathrin Kienapfel
Too much rein tension while riding may compromise the welfare of the horse. But who generates the tension on the reins—the horse or the rider? The primary aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the maximum rein tension that horses voluntarily maintain without a rider compared to rein...
Changes in Serum Amyloid A (SAA) Concentration in Arabian Endurance Horses During First Training Season
| Contributor(s):: OlgaWitkowska-Piłaszewicz, Piotr Ba˛ska, Michał Czopowicz, Magdalena Z˙migrodzka, Jarosław Szczepaniak, Ewa Szarska, Anna Winnicka, Anna Cywi´ nska
Sport training leads to adaptation to physical effort that is reflected by the changes in blood parameters. In equine endurance athletes, blood testing is accepted as a support in training, however, only the changes before versus after exercise in creatine phosphokinase activity (CPK) and basic...
Communitas and Friluftsliv: equine-facilitated activities for drug users
| Contributor(s):: Tobba Therkildsen Sudmann
Changes in Motor Skill Proficiency After Equine-Assisted Activities and Brain-Building Tasks in Youth With Neurodevelopmental Disorders
| Contributor(s):: B. Rhett Rigby, Ronald W. Davis, Melissa D. Bittner, Robin W. Harwell, Eileen J. Leek, Geoban A. Johnson, David L. Nichols
Attachment Theory and Equine-Facilitated Psychotherapy for Vietnam Veterans
| Contributor(s):: Laura Meyer, Ann Sartori
The Effects of Equine Assisted Therapy on Plasma Cortisol and Oxytocin Concentrations and Heart Rate Variability in Horses and Measures of Symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Veterans
| Contributor(s):: Karyn Malinowski, Chi Yee, Jenni M. Tevlin, Eric K. Birks, Mary M. Durando, Hossein Pournajafi-Nazarloo, Alan A. Cavaiola, Kenneth H. McKeever
An Exploration of the Mechanism of Action of an Equine-Assisted Intervention
| Contributor(s):: Ann Hemingway, Sid Carter, Andrew Callaway, Emma Kavanagh, Shelley Ellis
Though long alluded to, there is now an accumulation of evidence of the vital contribution that emotion makes to learning. Within this broad advance in understanding is a growing body of research emphasising the embodied nature of this emotion-based learning. The study presented here is a pilot...
Effects of Equine-Assisted Therapy on Gross Motor Skills of Two Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Single-Subject Research Study
| Contributor(s):: Brett Lindsay Hawkins, Joseph B Ryan, A Lynne Cory, Meredith C Donaldson
Effect of Equine-Assisted Activities on Social and Sensory Functioning of Children with Autism
| Contributor(s):: Drew C. Coman, Margaret P. Bass, Michael Alessandri, Christine S. Ghilain, Maria M. Llabre
Gait and Gross Motor Improvements in a Two-Year-Old Child With Arthrogryposis After Hippotherapy Intervention Using a Norwegian Fjord
| Contributor(s):: Heidi A. Brady, C. Roger James, Doug W. Dendy, Tangi A. Irwin, Colleen A. Swiacki, Leslie D. Thomspon, Tammy M. Camp, Hyung Suk Yang, Kinyata J. Cooper
A 2-year-old child with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) was prescribed occupational therapy using hippotherapy intervention. Multiple joint contractures present at birth affecting joint function are characteristics of AMC. Twenty-five 30-min hippotherapy sessions were conducted. The...
Does Long-term Equine Assisted Learning have an Effect on Childhood Weight Management?
| Contributor(s):: HE Battisti, FL Battisti, R McAbee
Responding to Risk: Regulation or Prohibition? New Zealand Media Reporting of Thoroughbred Jumps Racing 2016–2018
| Contributor(s):: Kylie A. Legg, Mary Breheny, Erica K. Gee, Chris W. Rogers
Jumps racing involves a higher risk of accident and fatality than flat racing. The wide accessibility of media, combined with alternate views regarding the place of animals in society, raises the question of the acceptability of the continuation of jumps racing. Racing data and media articles...