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  1. Human Preferences for Conformation Attributes and Head-And-Neck Positions in Horses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Georgina L. Caspar, Navneet K. Dhand, Paul D. McGreevy

    Human preferences for certain morphological attributes among domestic animals may be entirely individual or, more generally, may reflect evolutionary pressures that favor certain conformation. Artificial selection for attributes, such as short heads and crested necks of horses, may have...

  2. The Use of Draught Animals in Rural Labour

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mota-Rojas, D., Braghieri, A., Álvarez-Macías, A., Serrapica, F., Ramírez-Bribiesca, E., Cruz-Monterrosa, R., Masucci, F., Mora-Medina, P., Napolitano, F.

    This study discusses scientific findings on the use of draught animals such as equids (i.e., horses, mules, and donkeys) and bovids (i.e., cattle and water buffaloes) in rural labours. Relevant peer-reviewed literature published between 1980 and 2021 was retrieved from CAB Abstracts, PubMed,...

  3. Interest in Humans: Comparisons between Riding School Lesson Equids and Assisted-Intervention Equids

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lerch, N., Cirulli, F., Rochais, C., Lesimple, C., Guilbaud, E., Contalbrigo, L., Borgi, M., Grandgeorge, M., Hausberger, M.

    Little is known about the impact of equine-assisted interventions (EAI) on equids' perception of humans. In this study 172 equids, living in 12 riding centres, were submitted to a standardised human-horse relationship test: the motionless person test. Age, sex, type (horse/pony), housing,...

  4. Effectiveness of equine-assisted therapies for improving health outcomes in people with multiple sclerosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis

    | Contributor(s):: Suárez-Iglesias, D., Bidaurrazaga-Letona, I., Sanchez-Lastra, M. A., Gil, S. M., Ayán, C.

  5. [Physiotherapy interventions through hippotherapy in the treatment of cerebral palsy. A literature review]

    | Contributor(s):: Mendizábal Alonso, P.

  6. Parental Perception of Changes in Basic Life Needs of Children with Disabilities after Six Months of Therapeutic Horseback Riding: A Qualitative Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Robert Lovrić, Nikolina Farčić, Štefica Mikšić, Aleksandra Gvozdanović Debeljak

    Therapeutic horseback riding (THR) has a positive effect on the physical, cognitive, and psychosocial functioning of children with disabilities. Parents’ reports of the effects of THR on their children support professionals in individualizing the THR program. With this qualitative study,...

  7. Rein Tension in Transitions and Halts during Equestrian Dressage Training

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Agneta Egenvall, Hilary M. Clayton, Marie Eisersiö, Lars Roepstorff, Anna Byström

    In dressage, the performance of transitions between gaits and halts is an integral part of riding sessions. The study aimed to evaluate rein tension before, during and after the transitions between different gaits and the transitions into halts. The kinematic (inertial measurement units) data...

  8. Measuring Volumetric Changes of Equine Distal Limbs: A Pilot Study Examining Jumping Exercise

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Steven Johnson, Jennifer Symons

    Equine athletes can incur musculoskeletal injuries due to repetitive loading during training and competition. Prior to signs of lameness, horse trainers and veterinarians may observe swelling in the distal limbs, where injuries most frequently occur. Early observations may guide modulation of...

  9. A Review of Biomechanical Gait Classification with Reference to Collected Trot, Passage and Piaffe in Dressage Horses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hilary M. Clayton, Sarah Jane Hobbs

    Gaits are typically classified as walking or running based on kinematics, the shape of the vertical ground reaction force (GRF) curve, and the use of inverted pendulum or spring-mass mechanics during the stance phase. The objectives of this review were to describe the biomechanical...

  10. The Continuing Saga of Wild Horse Management: Finding a Balance in the Case of One of America's Iconic Symbols

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Elspeth Visser

  11. Effects of pre-conditioning on behavior and physiology of horses during a standardised learning task

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kate Fenner, Holly Webb, Melissa J. Starling, Rafael Freire, Petra Buckley, Paul D. McGreevy

    Rein tension is used to apply pressure to control both ridden and unridden horses. The pressure is delivered by equipment such as the bit, which may restrict voluntary movement and cause changes in behavior and physiology. Managing the effects of such pressure on arousal level and behavioral...

  12. Injury History in the Collegiate Equestrian Athlete: Part II: Head, Upper and Lower Extremities

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Michael L. Pilato, Timothy Henry, Drussila Malavase

    Purpose: Equestrian sports are known to have a high risk and rate of injury. While there is injury data available on acute injuries in the equestrian population, it is of a general nature. Within that data appears to be a lack of information on the collegiate equestrian athlete. Thus, the...

  13. Horse Behavior towards Familiar and Unfamiliar Humans: Implications for Equine-Assisted Services

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Brubaker, L., Schroeder, K., Sherwood, D., Stroud, D., Udell, M. A. R.

    While human benefits of animal-assisted therapy programs have been documented, relatively little research has been conducted on behavioral factors that predict a successful equine-assisted services (EAS) horse. This study compares the behavior of experienced and non-experienced EAS horses as...

  14. The Effect of Tree Width on Thoracolumbar and Limb Kinematics, Saddle Pressure Distribution, and Thoracolumbar Dimensions in Sports Horses in Trot and Canter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Russell MacKechnie-Guire, Erik MacKechnie-Guire, Vanessa Fairfax, Diana Fisher, Mark Fisher, Thilo Pfau

    This study evaluated the effect of saddle tree width on thoracolumbar and limb kinematics, saddle pressure distribution, and thoracolumbar epaxial musculature dimensions. Correctly fitted saddles were fitted by a Society of Master Saddler Qualified Saddle Fitter in fourteen sports horses (mean...

  15. Effects of equine riding on static and dynamic mechanical contraction of the thighs and trunk muscles in inactive women

    | Contributor(s):: Park, Sihwa, Park, Sunhee, Yoo, Jaehyun, Jee, Yong-Seok

  16. Equine-Assisted Services for Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Systematic Review

    | Contributor(s):: Helmer, Anne, Wechsler, Tamar, Gilboa, Yafit

  17. Horse-riding simulators in treatment of chronic low back pain: A meta-analysis

    | Contributor(s):: Ren, Changsong, Liu, Tianhui, Zhang, Jichen

  18. Hippotherapy: a systematic mapping review of peer-reviewed research, 1980 to 2018

    | Contributor(s):: Wood, Wendy H., Fields, Beth E.

  19. Evaluating the effectiveness of therapeutic horse riding for children and young people experiencing disability: a single-case experimental design study

    | Contributor(s):: Martin, Rachelle A., Taylor, William J., Surgenor, Lois J., Graham, Fiona P., Levack, William M. M., Blampied, Neville M.

  20. Use of the Polar V800 and Actiheart 5 heart rate monitors for the assessment of heart rate variability (HRV) in horses

    | Contributor(s):: Mott, Richard, Dowell, Fiona, Evans, Neil