Variance in Stallion Semen Quality among Equestrian Sporting Disciplines and Competition Levels
| Contributor(s):: Megan Wilson, Jess Williams, V. Tamara Montrose, Jane Williams
Most stallions within breeding programmes are expected to breed and compete concurrently. The exercising of stallions with regards to training regimes during the breeding season is a controversial subject. Daily exercise at low intensities is important for the mental and reproductive well-being...
Irish Equine Industry Stakeholder Perspectives of Objective Technology for Biomechanical Analyses in the Field
| Contributor(s):: Sonja Egan, Pieter Brama, Denise McGrath
Wearable sensing technologies are increasingly used in human and equine gait research to improve ecological validity of research findings. It is unclear how these tools have penetrated the equine industry or what perspectives industry stakeholders’ hold in relation to these relatively new...
Psychological and Physical Benefits of Interactions with Horses
| Contributor(s):: Jillian Hatcher, Clay Cavinder, Courtney P. Heaton, Lesli Figueiredo, Alex Holtcamp, Thu Dinh
Although much research exists concerning how horses can benefit people with specific debilitating impairments, relatively few studies have pursued what benefit horses offer people in the way of stress relief and improved quality of life. Study participants interacted with horses by grooming...
Eye Blink Rates and Eyelid Twitches as a Non-Invasive Measure of Stress in the Domestic Horse
| Contributor(s):: Katrina Merkies, Chloe Ready, Leanne Farkas, Abigail Hodder
Physiological changes provide indices of stress responses, however, behavioural measures may be easier to determine. Spontaneous eye blink rate has potential as a non-invasive indicator of stress. Eyelid movements, along with heart rate (HR) and behaviour, from 33 horses were evaluated over...
Epidemiology of Equestrian Accidents: a Literature Review
| Contributor(s):: Lauren Meredith, Robert Ekman, Karin Brolin
Purpose: This manuscript aimed to present a review of the literature pertaining to horse riding and other horse-related injuries. Method: A review of the literature was performed, searching for appropriate terms with regards to horse accidents, horse riding injuries and protective clothing for...
The Blood and Muscle Expression Pattern of the Equine TCAP Gene during the Race Track Training of Arabian Horses
| Contributor(s):: Monika Stefaniuk-Szmukier, Tomasz Szmatoła, Joanna Łatka, Bogusława Długosz, Katarzyna Ropka-Molik
Horse musculature has been shaped through evolution by environmental and human factors, which has resulted in several extraordinary adaptations to physical effort. Skeletal muscle plasticity results from the response to mechanical stimulation causing hypertrophy, where sarcomeres increase the...
Painting with Horses Towards Interspecies Response-ability: Non-human Charisma as Material Affect
| Contributor(s):: Madeleine Boyd
Leading up to the 2014 Melbourne Cup three communication modes were employed by unrelated horse welfare activists to raise awareness of cruelty in the racing industry. The intention to increase empathy with horses ties together these efforts, which are characterised as written, visual and...
Behavioral and Physiological Differences between Working Horses and Chilean Rodeo Horses in a Handling Test
| Contributor(s):: Paula Rosselot, Tiago Mendonça, Igor González, Tamara Tadich
Non-invasive measures are preferred when assessing animal welfare. Differences in behavioral and physiological responses toward a stressor could be the result of the selection of horses for specific uses. Behavioral and physiological responses of working and Chilean rodeo horses subjected to a...
Comprehensive Report of the Caseload of Donkeys and Mules Presented to a Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital over a Ten-Year Period
| Contributor(s):: Lais R. R. Costa, Monica Aleman, Eric Davis
Comprehensive reports of the caseload of donkeys and mules in veterinary hospitals in the United States are lacking. We compiled the information of the caseload of donkeys and mules at the Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital at the University of California, Davis for a ten-year period, from...
Behavioral interactions and glucocorticoid production of Somali wild ass (Equus africanus somaliensis) mothers and foals
| Contributor(s):: Kozlowski, Corinne P., Baskir, Eli, Clawitter, Helen L., Franklin, Ashley D., Thier, Tim, Fischer, Martha, Powell, David M., Asa, Cheryl S.
Gross Motor Skills and Gait Performance in Two- and Three-year-old Children With Developmental Delay Participating in Hippotherapy
| Contributor(s):: Brady, H. A., James, C. R., Dendy, D. W., Irwin, T. A., Thompson, L. D., Camp, T. M.
Acceptability of an adjunct equine-assisted activities and therapies program for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder and/or traumatic brain injury
| Contributor(s):: Sylvia, L., West, E., Blackburn, A. M., Gupta, C., Bui, E., Mahoney, T., Duncan, G., Wright, E. C., Lejeune, S., Spencer, T. J.
A Pilot Welfare Assessment of Working Ponies on Gili Trawangan, Indonesia
| Contributor(s):: Tova C. Pinsky, I Ketut Puja, Joshua Aleri, Jennifer Hood, Maria M. Sasadara, Teresa Collins
Many working equids in developing countries experience poor health and welfare due to environmental and management factors. Collecting baseline data on these populations is essential to inform education projects to improve equid health and welfare. Gili Trawangan is an island in Indonesia that...
Editorial: The Implications of Transport Practices for Horse Health and Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Barbara Padalino, Christopher Riley
Equine Activities Influence Horses' Responses to Different Stimuli: Could This Have an Impact on Equine Welfare?
| Contributor(s):: Tiago Mendonça, Cécile Bienboire-Frosini, Izabela Kowalczyk, Julien Leclercq, Sana Arroub, Patrick Pageat
The learning and cognitive challenges that horses may face differ according to the activities in which they are involved. The aim of this investigation was to study the influence of equine activities on the behavioral responses and autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity of adult horses....
Voluntary Rein Tension in Horses When Moving Unridden in a Dressage Frame Compared with Ridden Tests of the Same Horses—A Pilot Study
| Contributor(s):: Lara Piccolo, Kathrin Kienapfel
Too much rein tension while riding may compromise the welfare of the horse. But who generates the tension on the reins—the horse or the rider? The primary aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the maximum rein tension that horses voluntarily maintain without a rider compared to rein...
Changes in Serum Amyloid A (SAA) Concentration in Arabian Endurance Horses During First Training Season
| Contributor(s):: OlgaWitkowska-Piłaszewicz, Piotr Ba˛ska, Michał Czopowicz, Magdalena Z˙migrodzka, Jarosław Szczepaniak, Ewa Szarska, Anna Winnicka, Anna Cywi´ nska
Sport training leads to adaptation to physical effort that is reflected by the changes in blood parameters. In equine endurance athletes, blood testing is accepted as a support in training, however, only the changes before versus after exercise in creatine phosphokinase activity (CPK) and basic...
Communitas and Friluftsliv: equine-facilitated activities for drug users
| Contributor(s):: Tobba Therkildsen Sudmann
Changes in Motor Skill Proficiency After Equine-Assisted Activities and Brain-Building Tasks in Youth With Neurodevelopmental Disorders
| Contributor(s):: B. Rhett Rigby, Ronald W. Davis, Melissa D. Bittner, Robin W. Harwell, Eileen J. Leek, Geoban A. Johnson, David L. Nichols
Attachment Theory and Equine-Facilitated Psychotherapy for Vietnam Veterans
| Contributor(s):: Laura Meyer, Ann Sartori