Role and Effects of Hippotherapy in the Treatment of Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Systematic Review of the Literature
| Contributor(s):: María José Menor-Rodríguez, Mar Sevilla Martín, Juan Carlos Sánchez-García, María Montiel-Troya, Jonathan Cortés-Martín, Raquel Rodríguez-Blanque
Cerebral palsy is described as a group of permanent neuromotor-type disorders caused by non-progressive injuries in the developmental stages of the central nervous system, and which have serious repercussions on the quality of life of affected children due to the physical and psychological...
Equine Enlightenment offers a broad range of traditional psychological services, including assessment, formulation and NICE (National Institute for Clinical Excellence) evidence-based psychological therapies. Our broad range of therapies offer an alternative solution for clients who find...
Measuring Equine-Assisted Therapy: Validation and Confirmatory Factor Analysis of an ICF-Based Standardized Assessment-Tool
| Contributor(s):: Stolz, I., Anneken, V., Froböse, I.
The International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) of the World Health Organization (WHO) was established as an international framework for monitoring rehabilitation outcomes and the impacts of health interventions since, as the term “functioning” implies,...
Shared Identity of Horses and Men in Oromia, Ethiopia
| Contributor(s):: Baynes-Rock, Marcus, Teressa, Tigist
Historical development of horse breeds
| Contributor(s):: Tuncer, S. S., Kozat, S.
This study was conducted to examine the historical development process of modern horse breeds. Horses are among the few species that have managed to become domesticated on earth. The domestication of horses took place after dogs, goats, sheep, pigs, reindeer and poultry. It is accepted that the...
Development of an ICF-based assessment tool for equine-assisted therapy: model structure and reliability
| Contributor(s):: Stolz, I., Tillmann, V., Anneken, V., Froboese, I.
BACKGROUND: Scientific investigation and documentation of equine-assisted therapy has increased over the past several years. Yet there are no standardized and validated tools for evidence-based measurement of processes and outcomes to assess equine-assisted interventions. AIM: The objective of...
An observational evaluation of stress in horses during therapeutic riding sessions
| Contributor(s):: McDuffee, L., Carr, L., Montelpare, W.
Therapeutic riding (TR) provides benefits to participants with cognitive and physical disabilities. Horses participating in TR programs are typically selected because of their calm temperament and may not show obvious signs of stress. However, the welfare of horses in TR programs is an important...
Do you see what I see? Investigating the validity of an equine personality questionnaire
| Contributor(s):: Jolivald, Aurélie, Yarnell, Kelly, Hall, Carol, Ijichi, Carrie
Subjective equine personality questionnaires have the potential to predict a range of industry-relevant outcomes including fear reactivity, compliance with human cues, pain expression and susceptibility to stereotypies, in a time- and cost-efficient manner. However, to produce meaningful measures...
Levels of communication: The talking horse experiments
| Contributor(s):: Gethmann, D.
In the early twentieth century, counting and speaking horses, like the famous Clever Hans or the "Horses of Elberfeld," became widely debated subjects in experimental psychology. The idea was to determine whether their learning success was only a fraud, or if it might open up a new chapter in...
Androstenone induces horses to be more compliant with human-horse interactions
| Contributor(s):: Choi, Yeonju, Yoon, MinJung
Olfactory signals play an essential role in communication in animals. Pheromones are volatile or nonvolatile chemicals that trigger social responses among animals. Therefore, pheromone treatment could, in theory, be used to modify horse behavior to improve human-horse relationships. Androstenone...
Lethbridge Therapeutic Riding Association (LTRA)
The Lethbridge Therapeutic Riding Association offers individuals with special needs hands-on instruction in riding and horse care to exercise the body and spirit.
Southern Suburbs Hippotherapy
Providing occupational therapy for children via hippotherapy.
Equine Assisted Therapy: A Unique and Effective Intervention
| Contributor(s):: Azmaira H. Maker
R.E.I.N.B.O.W. Therapy, LLC provides Occupational Therapy services in Massachusetts to children and adults with special needs. R.E.I.N.B.O.W stands for: Rhythmical, Equines, Improve, Neuromusculoskeletal, Balance and, Overall, Well-being
A Review of Contemporary Contraceptives and Sterilization Techniques for Feral Horses
| Contributor(s):: Albert J. Kane
This commentary provides a brief review of the history of contraceptive research eff orts for feral horses (Equus ferus caballus) as well as the contraceptives and sterilization techniques currently available for feral horses. Porcine zona pellucida (PZP) immunocontraceptives have received the...
Bit by Bit
Bit by Bit provides a safe, regularly scheduled equine experience for individuals with special needs. We use equestrian activities to engage the bodies, minds, and spirits of people facing challenges in their lives. Certified professional instructors, trained volunteers, and skilled...
Occurrence of suspected zoophilia in veterinary clinical care in Marilia/SP in 2018-2019: veiled and neglected animal abuseOcorrencia de suspeitas de zoofilia no atendimento clinico medico-veterinario em Marilia/SP no periodo de 2018-2019: maus-trato
| Contributor(s):: Polegato, E. P. dos S., Teixeira, I. B., Angeli, M. V., Paie, J. P.
Manualized equine-assisted therapy protocol for clients with autism spectrum disorder
| Contributor(s):: McKissock, H. B., Bowen, A., Dawson, S., Eldridge, L., McIntire, J., Stanojevic, C., Tamas, D., McCormick, B. P.
Exploring Perceptions of Equine Welfare Scenarios Using a Positive Approach
| Contributor(s):: Lofgren, Elise A., Rice, Brandon M. G., Brady, Colleen M.
Effect of Equine-Assisted Activities and Therapies on Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Randomized Controlled Trial
| Contributor(s):: Suk, M. H., Kwon, J. Y.