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  1. Attitudes toward animals among Norwegian children and adolescents: species preferences

    Contributor(s):: Bjerke, T., Odegardstuen, T. S., Kaltenborn, B. P.

    Five hundred and sixty two children and adolescents, aged between 9 and 15 years, from one urban and three rural areas in southern Norway, completed a questionnaire in which they expressed their degree of preference for various animal species. The dog, cat, horse, and rabbit were the favourite...

  2. Bestia incognita : the horse and its history in the Philippines 1880-1930

    Contributor(s):: Bankoff, G.

    Animals and their histories outside of Europe and its off-shoot settler societies are effectively unknown except as far they constitute a source of exotic species with which to stock the cages of western zoos or to provide hapless victims to the rifles of imperial sportsmen. This paper is an...

  3. Binaries, boundaries and bullfighting: multiple and alternative human-animal relations in the Spanish mounted bullfight

    Contributor(s):: Thompson, K.

    Research into human-animal relations in Spain has favored the footed bullfight as a case study for broader generalization. Conducted before the formalization of human-animal studies and in an academic milieu characterized by structuralist or binary approaches, such research has largely...

  4. Can a week of therapeutic riding make a difference? - A pilot study

    Contributor(s):: Kaiser, L., Spence, L. J., Lavergne, A. G., Bosch, K. L. vanden

    The objective of this research was to determine the effect of a five-day therapeutic riding day camp on children's anger, quality of life and perceived self-competence. Our study sample involved 16 able-bodied individuals (11+or-4.4. years) with no known physical or psychological disability, and...

  5. Companion animals as selfobjects

    Contributor(s):: Brown, S. E.

    This research examined whether self psychology could be systematically applied to human-animal relationships. Twenty-four semi-structured interviews were conducted, which consisted of 16 questions designed to illuminate selfobject needs. The interviews were intended to identify whether the...

  6. Comparison of the short-term effects of horse trekking and exercising with a riding simulator on autonomic nervous activity

    Contributor(s):: Matsuura, A., Nagai, N., Funatsu, A., Irimajiri, M., Yamazaki, A., Hodate, K.

    The aim of this study was to determine whether sympathetic and/or parasympathetic nervous activities were altered after horse trekking (HT) and exercise with a riding simulator (RS). Changes in heart rate variability (HRV), salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) activity, and psychological states were...

  7. Dogs, cats and horses: their different representations in the minds of typical and clinical populations of children

    Contributor(s):: Maurer, M., Delfour, F., Wolff, M., Adrien, J. L.

    Programs using dogs, cats, and horses as adjuncts in educational or therapeutic activities for children are well documented, even if little is known about the distinction made by children with regard to specific animals. This study explores children's thoughts about these three different animals....

  8. Equestrian coaches' understanding and application of learning theory in horse training

    Contributor(s):: Warren-Smith, A. K., McGreevy, P. D.

    To assess the knowledge of learning theory among accredited equestrian coaches in Australia, a 20-item questionnaire was distributed to all coaches registered with the National Coaches Accreditation Scheme in Australia (n=830). Of the 206 respondents, 79.5% considered positive reinforcement to be...

  9. Equine behavior problems in relation to humane care

    Contributor(s):: Houpt, K. A.

    There are a variety of equine behavior problems presented to the Animal Behavior Clinic of the New York State College of Veterinary Medicine. Of those that can be easily classified, 18% involve aggression, 8% involve stable vices, and 4% involve trailer problems.The purpose of this study is to...

  10. Equine euthanasia: the veterinarian's role in providing owner support

    Contributor(s):: Endenburg, N., Kirpensteijn, J., Sanders, N.

    This study evaluated the grief process of 58 horse owners who had had their horses euthanized. Owner-present euthanasia was performed in 83% (n=48) of cases, while in 36% of cases the horse was euthanized at the owner's home. The euthanasia was described by the respondents as peaceful in 84% of...

  11. Human-pet dynamics in cross-cultural perspective

    Contributor(s):: Gray, P. B., Young, S. M.

    Pets increasingly serve the function as emotional surrogates of children, with tremendous resources poured into their care. However, this function of pets may be quite different from the typical human-pet dynamics characterizing a wider array of societies. To help fill a gap in the cross-cultural...

  12. Occupational therapists and therapeutic riding

    Contributor(s):: Funk, M. S. M., Smith, B. A.

    Statistics indicate that physical therapists considerably outnumber occupational therapists in utilizing therapeutic horseback riding as a treatment modality. This study was conducted in an effort to gain insight into the reasons for the discrepancy. Two different questionnaires were developed...

  13. The factor structure of horse personality

    Contributor(s):: Morris, P. H., Gale, A., Howe, S.

    Two-hundred-and-ten horse owners or carers in the UK completed a specially modified version of the NEO-Personality Inventory-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-PI-FFI, a well established personality questionnaire for humans) for their chosen horse. Three and five-factor Principal Components Analysis...

  14. The positive aspects of correct negative reinforcement

    Contributor(s):: McLean, A. N.

    In the scheme of contemporary animal training, horse training is virtually unique because it relies on negative reinforcement (NR) rather than positive reinforcement (PR). Furthermore, horse trainers are largely unaware that they are using NR in training. Instead, they believe in the benevolent...

  15. Therapeutic value of equine-human bonding in recovery from trauma

    Contributor(s):: Yorke, J., Adams, C., Coady, N.

    Although most human-animal bond research has focused on relationships between humans and pets, animals have been used for therapeutic purposes in a variety of settings. Therapeutic riding programs have demonstrated a positive impact on quality of life for people with disabilities....

  16. Anthropomorphism and anthropocentrism as influences in the quality of life of companion animals

    Contributor(s):: Bradshaw, J. W. S., Casey, R. A.

    Since animal minds are private, so their perception of their own quality of life (QoL) must be also. Anthropocentrism, the interpretation of reality exclusively in terms of human values and experience, has to be guarded against in any assessment of animal welfare; for domestic pets,...

  17. Associations between lesion-specific lameness and the milk yield of 1,635 dairy cows from seven herds in the Xth region of Chile and implications for management of lame dairy cows worldwide

    Contributor(s):: Green, L. E., Borkert, J., Monti, G., Tadich, N.

    Lameness is one of the greatest infringements of welfare in dairy cows. The objective of this study was to investigate associations between milk yield and foot lesions causing lameness in Chilean dairy cattle with the hypothesis that if we can demonstrate that lameness reduces yield, and so...

  18. Behaviour patterns of horses can be used to establish a dominant-subordinate relationship between man and horse

    Contributor(s):: Sighieri, C., Tedeschi, D., Andreis, C. de, Petri, L., Baragli, P.

    This paper describes how man can enter the social hierarchy of the horse by mimicking the behaviour and stance it uses to establish dominance. A herd is organized according to a dominance hierarchy established by means of ritualised conflict. Dominance relationships are formed through these...

  19. Can stroking during milking decrease avoidance distances of cows towards humans?

    Contributor(s):: Windschnurer, I., Barth, K., Waiblinger, S.

    This study investigated whether short-time stroking of loose-housed dairy cows in the daily farm routine could improve the cow-human relationship and consequently decrease avoidance distances, and whether this effect was persistent. Thirty-one cows (from two different breeds: Holstein Friesian...

  20. Effect of an open window and conspecifics within view on the welfare of stabled horses, estimated on the basis of positive and negative behavioural indicators

    Contributor(s):: Ninomiya, S., Kusunose, R., Obara, Y., Sato, S.

    The effect of environmental enrichment on the welfare of stabled horses was estimated on the basis of positive and negative behavioural indicators. Six stabled horses were exposed for seven days to each of two conditions in early spring: (i) a window at the back of the loose box was opened, but...