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  1. Anthropomorphism and anthropocentrism as influences in the quality of life of companion animals

    Contributor(s):: Bradshaw, J. W. S., Casey, R. A.

    Since animal minds are private, so their perception of their own quality of life (QoL) must be also. Anthropocentrism, the interpretation of reality exclusively in terms of human values and experience, has to be guarded against in any assessment of animal welfare; for domestic pets,...

  2. Associations between lesion-specific lameness and the milk yield of 1,635 dairy cows from seven herds in the Xth region of Chile and implications for management of lame dairy cows worldwide

    Contributor(s):: Green, L. E., Borkert, J., Monti, G., Tadich, N.

    Lameness is one of the greatest infringements of welfare in dairy cows. The objective of this study was to investigate associations between milk yield and foot lesions causing lameness in Chilean dairy cattle with the hypothesis that if we can demonstrate that lameness reduces yield, and so...

  3. Behaviour patterns of horses can be used to establish a dominant-subordinate relationship between man and horse

    Contributor(s):: Sighieri, C., Tedeschi, D., Andreis, C. de, Petri, L., Baragli, P.

    This paper describes how man can enter the social hierarchy of the horse by mimicking the behaviour and stance it uses to establish dominance. A herd is organized according to a dominance hierarchy established by means of ritualised conflict. Dominance relationships are formed through these...

  4. Can stroking during milking decrease avoidance distances of cows towards humans?

    Contributor(s):: Windschnurer, I., Barth, K., Waiblinger, S.

    This study investigated whether short-time stroking of loose-housed dairy cows in the daily farm routine could improve the cow-human relationship and consequently decrease avoidance distances, and whether this effect was persistent. Thirty-one cows (from two different breeds: Holstein Friesian...

  5. Effect of an open window and conspecifics within view on the welfare of stabled horses, estimated on the basis of positive and negative behavioural indicators

    Contributor(s):: Ninomiya, S., Kusunose, R., Obara, Y., Sato, S.

    The effect of environmental enrichment on the welfare of stabled horses was estimated on the basis of positive and negative behavioural indicators. Six stabled horses were exposed for seven days to each of two conditions in early spring: (i) a window at the back of the loose box was opened, but...

  6. Individual differences in temperament of domestic animals: a review of methodology

    Contributor(s):: Manteca, X., Deag, J. M.

  7. Observer reliability for working equine welfare assessment: problems with high prevalences of certain results

    Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Pritchard, J. C., Whay, H. R.

    Welfare issues relevant to equids working in developing countries may differ greatly to those of sport and companion equids in developed countries. In this study, we test the observer reliability of a working equine welfare assessment, demonstrating how prevalence of certain observations reduces...

  8. Protective behaviour of Konik horses in response to insect harassment

    Contributor(s):: Gorecka, A., Jezierski, T.

    The natural protective behaviour displayed by Konik Polski horses against flies was investigated. The factors considered were age (adults versus foals), management system (forest reserve versus pasture), weather conditions and type of horse activity. Twenty-five Konik Polski adults and 18 foals...

  9. Reducing equine stereotypies using an EquiballTM

    Contributor(s):: Henderson, J. V., Waran, N. K.

    The effects of a foraging device known as 'The EquiballTM' on equine stereotypies were investigated in 6 horses. The animals were given their evening feed in an Equiball, and the occurrence of stereotypic behaviour recorded using scan sampling of video observations. Pre-enrichment, horses spent a...

  10. Repeatability of a skin tent test for dehydration in working horses and donkeys

    Contributor(s):: Pritchard, J. C., Barr, A. R. S., Whay, H. R.

    Dehydration is a serious welfare issue for equines working in developing countries. Risk factors such as high ambient temperature, heavy workload and poor water availability are exacerbated by the traditional belief that provision of water to working animals will reduce their strength or cause...

  11. Separating a horse from the social group for riding or training purposes: a descriptive study of human-horse interactions

    Contributor(s):: Jorgensen, G. H. M., Fremstad, K. E., Mejdell, C. M., Boe, K. E.

    The aim of this study was to investigate how difficult it was to halter and separate a horse (Equus caballus) from a group for riding or training purposes and to describe how human-horse interactions could affect this common procedure. A total of 20 different horse groups, with a minimum of five...

  12. The assessment of emotional expression in dogs using a Free Choice Profiling methodology

    Contributor(s):: Walker, J., Dale, A., Waran, N., Clarke, N., Farnworth, M., Wemelsfelder, F.

    This study explores the use of Free Choice Profiling (FCP) methodology for the qualitative behaviour assessment of emotional expression in the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). Qualitative behaviour assessment is based upon the integration of many pieces of information that in conventional...

  13. The effect of blindfolding horses on heart rate and behaviour during handling and loading onto transport vehicles

    Contributor(s):: Parker, R., Watson, R., Wells, E., Brown, S. N., Nicol, C. J., Knowles, T. G.

    Blindfolding is routinely used to aid the handling and loading of horses that are difficult to control. Fifteen relatively well-behaved horses of varying ages and disciplines were used to investigate the effects of blinkering and blindfolding on behaviour and heart rate in three situations:...

  14. The effect of exercise deprivation on the behaviour and physiology of straight stall confined pregnant mares

    Contributor(s):: Houpt, K., Houpt, T. R., Johnson, J. L., Erb, H. N., Yeon, S. C.

    The purpose of this experiment was to investigate the welfare of pregnant mares kept in straight stalls and given only limited exercise, conditions that are similar to those encountered in the pregnant mare urine industry. Sixteen pregnant mares (eight in each of two years) were randomly assigned...

  15. The effect of mirrors on the behaviour of singly housed male and female laboratory rabbits

    Contributor(s):: Edgar, J. L., Seaman, S. C.

    It is widely recognised that single housing is detrimental to the welfare of social species. However, some experimental procedures dictate that laboratory animals are housed individually. There is evidence to suggest that, by mimicking social contact, mirrors are beneficial to the welfare of...

  16. The putative welfare-reducing effects of preventing equine stereotypic behaviour

    Contributor(s):: McBride, S. D., Cuddeford, D.

    The common practice of preventing equine stereotypic behaviour in the UK may be of concern, from a welfare perspective, if these behaviours constitute a coping response to a suboptimal environment. The aim of this study was to assess the putative function of these behaviours by measuring...

  17. The response of untamed (unbroken) ponies to conditions of road transport

    Contributor(s):: Knowles, T. G., Brown, S. N., Pope, S. J., Nicol, C. J., Warriss, P. D., Weeks, C. A.

    The response to a one-hour road journey was observed in 145 semi-feral ponies unused to handling. Ponies were transported singly or in groups of four or eight at a typical commercial 'high' stocking density or at a slightly reduced 'low' density (range 139 to 316 kg m-2). Blood samples were...

  18. The use of blended positive and negative reinforcement in shaping the halt response of horses ( Equus caballus )

    Contributor(s):: Warren-Smith, A. K., McGreevy, P. D.

    Twenty horses were paired for age, sex and breed and placed into one of two groups. The horses in Group A (control) were reinforced using only negative reinforcement (NR) while those in group B (treatment) were reinforced with both positive reinforcement (PR) and NR concurrently. All horses were...

  19. Video image analysis and animal welfare on farm

    Contributor(s):: Barbera, S.

    The management of farmed livestock frequently creates situations of stress because of the periodical necessity for handling procedures (weight and linear measurements, veterinary procedures etc). Some of these practices can be avoided using technologies that obviate the need for direct handling....

  20. Voluntary animal welfare assessment of mass-produced farm animal housing equipment using a standardised procedure

    Contributor(s):: Knierim, U., Hesse, D., Borell, E. von, Herrmann, H. J., Muller, C., Rauch, H. W., Sachser, N., Zerbe, F.