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  1. Physiological and Behavioral Responses of Horses to Wither Scratching and Patting the Neck When Under Saddle

    Contributor(s):: Thorbergson, Zoë W., Nielsen, Sharon G., Beaulieu, Rodney J., Doyle, Rebecca E.

    Riding is considered to be an arousing activity for horses. It has been suggested that wither scratching may be a more useful tool for relaxation compared with the common practice of neck patting. In the current study, 18 horses were exposed to 3 treatments, including control or no interaction,...

  2. Occurrence of Wounds in Nigerian Horses

    Contributor(s):: Agina, Onyinyechukwu A., Ihedioha, John I.

    This study investigated the occurrence of wounds in Nigerian horses. The study population was 1,621 horses sold at the Obollo Afor horse lairage in Enugu State, Nigeria, during a 6-month period: 3 months of dry season and 3 months of rainy season (February–April and June–August 2012). A total of...

  3. Influence of Paddock Size on Social Relationships in Domestic Horses

    Contributor(s):: Majecka, Katarzyna, Klawe, Aneta

    The aim of this study was to explore whether the size of paddocks affected social interactions within a group of horses. Furthermore, the effects of the gender composition in groups on social behavior were investigated. The research was done in a horse-riding center. A total of 78 horses and...

  4. Horse Husbandry and Preventive Health Practices in Australia: An Online Survey of Horse Guardians

    Contributor(s):: Thompson, Kirrilly R., Clarkson, Larissa, Riley, Christopher B., Berg, Mariette van den

    Little is known about the horse health management practices of Australian horse caregivers (owners). This article presents findings from a convenience sample of 505 horse owners who participated in an online survey. No large-scale welfare issues were identified, but there were some areas of...

  5. Hoofbeats From the Currituck Outer Banks: A Study of the Corolla Wild Horse Fund Adoption Program

    Contributor(s):: Koncel, Mary A.

    Research on the adoption and relinquishment of horses, both domestic and wild, remains limited. As a result, little is known about adopters, their adopted horses, and their adoption experience. This study surveyed and interviewed 17 adopters of Colonial Spanish mustangs through the Corolla Wild...

  6. Foraging Behavior Patterns of Sheep and Horses Under a Mixed Species Grazing System

    Contributor(s):: Patkowski, Krzysztof, Pluta, Michał, Lipiec, Antoni, Greguła-Kania, Monika, Gruszecki, Tomasz M.

    The research objective was to assess the behavior patterns of the Polish Konik horse breed and the Uhruska variety of the Polish Lowland Sheep breed under a mixed-grazing system, and their relationship with climatic factors. The observation included 4 adult horses, 27 ewes with lambs and 10...

  7. Equine Welfare in England and Wales: Exploration of Stakeholders' Understanding

    Contributor(s):: Horseman, Susan V., Buller, Henry, Mullan, Siobhan, Knowles, Toby G., Barr, Alistair R. S., Whay, Helen R.

    Investigating how those responsible for the care of nonhuman animals understand the concept of animal welfare is important for animal welfare improvement. In-depth interviews with 31 equine stakeholders were used to explore their perceptions and understanding of welfare. The results showed the...

  8. Equine Welfare Assessment: Exploration of British Stakeholder Attitudes Using Focus-Group Discussions

    Contributor(s):: Horseman, Susan V., Hockenhull, Jo, Buller, Henry, Mullan, Siobhan, Barr, Alistair R. S., Whay, Helen R.

    The equine industry in Great Britain has not been subject to the same pressures as the farming industry to engage with welfare assessment, but this may change as concern about equine welfare increases. Stakeholder attitudes toward welfare assessment may impact the implementation of welfare...

  9. Effects of Overcheck Use on Stress Parameters and Welfare Implications in Driving Horses

    Contributor(s):: Bennett-Wimbush, K., J, Suagee-Bedore, Amstutz, M., Duthie, M.

    Three sequential studies were performed to evaluate the effects of tying horses while wearing overchecks (strap from the bridle to backpad). In an observational study, horses (n = 305) wore high (HC), low (LC), or no overchecks (NC) with frequencies of 29.2%, 51.8% and 19.0% respectively. Study 1...

  10. The Effect of an Irregular Feeding Schedule on Equine Behavior

    Contributor(s):: Zupan, Manja, Štuhec, Ivan, Jordan, Dušanka

    We used eight horses 1 to 12 years old to investigate the influence of irregular feeding times on the behavior. The animals were housed in individual boxes, fed with hay ad libitum and barley-oat mixture at three set times; 05:00 (earlier feeding) on Thursdays, 07:00 (delayed feeding) on...

  11. Coat Clipping of Horses: A Survey

    Contributor(s):: Steinhoff-Wagner, J.

    Coat clipping is a common practice in sport horses; however, timing, purpose, technique, and clips vary widely, as do the management and feeding of a clipped horse. The aim of this study was to collect data regarding common clipping practices. A questionnaire was published online in Germany and...

  12. Assessing Youth Perceptions and Knowledge of Ethics at 4-H Horse Shows in Louisiana

    Contributor(s):: Walker, Neely, Cater, Melissa, Bourg, Brittany, Devall, Hannah, Sarver, Megan

    Due to the increased awareness of animal welfare issues and sensitized attitudes throughout society, youth animal projects provide a unique opportunity to assess and impact youth understanding and attitudes regarding animal welfare. Animal ethics training is not an uncommon requirement for...

  13. The Anthropomorphic Application of Gender Stereotypes to Horses

    Contributor(s):: Dashper, Katherine, Fenner, Kate, Hyde, Michelle, Probyn-Rapsey, Fiona, Caspar, Georgie, Henshall, Cathrynne, McGreevy, Paul

    Gender stereotypes shape human social interaction, often to the detriment of women and those who do not comply with normative expectations of gender. So far, little research has assessed the extent to which people apply gender stereotypes to animals, and the implications this may have for...

  14. Stereotypic behaviours and mating success in domestic mares

    Contributor(s):: Benhajali, Haifa, Ezzaouia, Mohammed, Lunel, Christophe, Charfi, Faouzia, Hausberger, Martine

    Stereotypies are often associated with suboptimal environments. However, their adaptive significance remains under debate. The aim of this study was to relate the occurrence of stereotypies in breeding mares to their mating success. The overall, first and second cycle conception rates,...

  15. Pedometers as supervision tools for mares in the prepartal period

    Contributor(s):: Bachmann, Martin, Wensch-Dorendorf, Monika, Hoffmann, Gundula, Steinhöfel, Ilka, Bothendorf, Steffen, Kemper, Nicole

    To assess the practical use of pedometers as supervision tools in the equine prepartal period, two types, IceQube®- and ALT-sensors, were tested. Nine mares were randomly fitted with devices of the respective types on the front legs (ALT: n=9, IceQube®: n=7), and with an IceQube®-sensor on a neck...

  16. An objective measure of reactive behaviour in horses

    Contributor(s):: Noble, Glenys K., Blackshaw, Kathryn L., Cowling, Ann, Harris, Patricia A., Sillence, Martin N.

    Several tests have been devised in an attempt to detect behaviour modification due to training, supplements or diet in horses. These tests rely on subjective observations in combination with physiological measures, such as heart rate (HR) and plasma cortisol concentrations, but these measures do...

  17. A novel approach to systematically compare behavioural patterns between and within groups of horses

    Contributor(s):: Ellis, Andrea D., Stephenson, Melissa, Preece, Michaela, Harris, Pat

    This study piloted a multiple aspect approach to assess differences or changes in equine behaviour, using physiological (heart rates – HR, salivary cortisol – SC) and behavioural measures in various routine (feed-time, riding, turning out) and test situations (novel situation tests NS: 2×...

  18. Management practices associated with owner-reported stable-related and handling behaviour problems in UK leisure horses

    Contributor(s):: Hockenhull, Jo, Creighton, Emma

    Stable-related and handling behaviour problems are highly prevalent in UK leisure horses. Associations between routine management practices and behaviour problems have been identified in racehorses and performance horses but it is unknown whether these practices are also associated with behaviour...

  19. Lateralization of agonistic and vigilance responses in Przewalski horses (Equus przewalskii)

    Contributor(s):: Austin, N. P., Rogers, L. J.

    Eye and limb preferences were scored in the closest undomesticated relative of Equus caballus using the same methods as used previously to study laterality in feral horses. Observations were made of 33 Przewalski horses (Equus ferus przewalskii) (male N=20, female N=13) living under natural...

  20. Icelandic horses with the Silver coat colour show altered behaviour in a fear reaction test

    Contributor(s):: Brunberg, Emma, Gille, Sanna, Mikko, Sofia, Lindgren, Gabriella, Keeling, Linda J.

    The colour of a horse's coat has long been discussed to reflect its temperament. One opinion is that Silver coloured horses are nervous, difficult to handle and react more strongly to different fear stimuli. The objective with the present study was to investigate if mutations associated with the...