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  1. The Use of Environmental Enrichments Affects Performance and Behavior of Growing Rabbits Housed in Collective Pens

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Angela Trocino, Cristina Zomeño, Eirini Filiou, Marco Birolo, Peter White, Gerolamo Xiccato

    This study assessed the effects of an elevated plastic-slatted platform and/or a plastic hiding tube in collective pens with large group sizes (27 or 36 rabbits/pen; 16 rabbits/m2) on the performance and welfare of rabbits kept from weaning (at 33 days of age) to slaughter (at 68 or 75 days of...

  2. Environmental enrichment: an experiment in biosocial intervention

    | Contributor(s):: Chiapperino, Luca

  3. Development of existing scoring systems to assess behavioural coping in shelter cats

    | Contributor(s):: Hirsch, Elin Netti, Andersson, Maria, Loberg, Jenny, Lidfors, Lena Maria

  4. Cow in Motion: A review of the impact of housing systems on movement opportunity of dairy cows and implications on locomotor activity

    | Contributor(s):: Shepley, Elise, Lensink, Joop, Vasseur, Elsa

    As humans, we recognize the importance of exercise. We go to the gym, walk our dogs, and ride our horses. Even our hamsters get a wheel to run on. Considering this, it is surprising that, when it comes to the production animals that make up the bulk of domestic animals, the concept of ‘exercise’...

  5. A multifactorial evaluation of different reproductive rhythms and housing systems for improving welfare in rabbit does

    | Contributor(s):: Munari, Chiara, Ponzio, Patrizia, Macchi, Elisabetta, Elkhawagah, Ahmed R., Tarantola, Martina, Ponti, Giovanna, Mugnai, Cecilia

    The most widespread reproductive rhythm practiced in rabbit farming is based on artificial insemination (AI) performed at around 11 days pospartum. This approach results in high production rates, but requires high yearly replacement of animals that cannot sustain the enormous energy demand....

  6. Effect of litter size, milk replacer and housing on behaviour and welfare related to sibling competition in litters from hyper-prolific sows

    | Contributor(s):: Kobek-Kjeldager, Cecilie, Moustsen, Vivi A., Theil, Peter K., Pedersen, Lene J.

    Litter sizes where piglets are supernumerary to teats leads to the practice of fostering to nurse sows or to artificial rearing systems, which is associated with compromised welfare. An alternative strategy is to leave the supernumerary piglets with their own dam and provide milk replacer in the...

  7. The 3Rs and Humane Experimental Technique: Implementing Change

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Robert C. Hubrecht, Elizabeth Carter

    In 1959, the Universities Federation for Animal Welfare (UFAW) Scholars Russell & Burch published the Principles of Humane Experimental Technique in which they laid out the principles of the Three Rs. However, the Three Rs owed much to others. It was UFAW and, in particular, UFAW’s...

  8. The Status of Pet Rabbit Breeding and Online Sales in the UK: A Glimpse into an Otherwise Elusive Industry

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emma M. Gosling, Jorge A. Vázquez-Diosdado, Naomi D. Harvey

    Conditions of pet rabbit breeding colonies and breeder practices are undocumented and very little is known about the pet rabbit sales market. Here, multiple methods were employed to investigate this sector of the UK pet industry. A freedom of information request sent to 10% of councils revealed...

  9. The Spillover Effect of a Flood on Pets and Their People: Implications for Rental Housing

    | Contributor(s):: Graham, Taryn M., Rock, Melanie J.

    When disasters strike, companion animals (pets) matter. Emergency planning for them is a key aspect of disaster preparedness, especially considering that people may delay evacuation out of concern for their pets. Temporary boarding options for pets are important; however, caregivers (owners) must...

  10. Social Behavior of Adult Male New Zealand White Rabbits Housed in Groups or Pairs in the Laboratory

    | Contributor(s):: Jr, Louis DiVincenti, Rehrig, Angelika

    Rabbits are usually singly housed in laboratories, but a new emphasis on providing social housing for social species has prompted exploration of alternative housing for this species. However, a paucity of literature on the social behavior of rabbits in captivity has prevented scientific-based...

  11. Single- or Pair-Housed: Which Is Better for Captive Southern Tamanduas?

    | Contributor(s):: Catapani, Mariana Labão, Pires, José Salatiel Rodrigues, Vasconcellos, Angélica da Silva

    The captive environment can limit some important behavioral options for nonhuman animals, which often results in decreased welfare. The companion of a conspecific can be a source of complexity in captivity, but this aspect has received little attention for solitary species. This study...

  12. Effects of Metabolic Cage Housing on Rat Behavior and Performance in the Social Interaction Test

    | Contributor(s):: Whittaker, Alexandra L., Lymn, Kerry A., Howarth, Gordon S.

    Although the metabolic cage is commonly used for housing nonhuman animals in the laboratory, it has been recognized as constituting a unique stressor. Such an environment would be expected to affect behavioral change in animals housed therein. However, few studies have specifically addressed the...

  13. Effect of Cage Type on Fecal Corticosterone Concentration in Buck Rabbits During the Reproductive Cycle

    | Contributor(s):: Cornale, Paolo, Macchi, Elisabetta, Renna, Manuela, Prola, Liviana, Perona, Giovanni, Mimosi, Antonio

    Fecal corticosterone concentration (FCC) was measured in 14 buck rabbits individually housed in standard-dimension cages (SC) or in bigger cages (BC; with a volume more than double that of SC and equipped with a plastic foot mat) during 4 consecutive reproductive cycles. Cage type and...

  14. Behavior and Performance of Dairy Cows After Transfer from Tied to Cubicle Housing

    | Contributor(s):: Pavlenko, Anne, Lidfors, Lena, Arney, David R., Kaart, Tanel, Aland, Andres

    Behavior and performance changes when tied dairy cows were moved to a loose housing system in a cubicle system were investigated. Behavioral observations were made for 3 consecutive days in 3 periods after transition. The cows (n = 105) were observed on 18 sampling occasions for 1 month....

  15. Will a hiding box provide stress reduction for shelter cats?

    | Contributor(s):: Vinke, C. M., Godijn, L. M., van der Leij, W. J. R.

    Domestic cats (Felis sylvestris catus) can experience serious stress in shelters. Stressful experiences can have a major impact on the cats’ welfare and may cause higher incidences of infectious diseases in the shelters due to raised cortisol levels causing immunodeficiency. Though several...

  16. Stress, the HPA axis, and nonhuman primate well-being: A review

    | Contributor(s):: Novak, Melinda A., Hamel, Amanda F., Kelly, Brian J., Dettmer, Amanda M., Meyer, Jerrold S.

    Numerous stressors are routinely encountered by wild-living primates (e.g., food scarcity, predation, aggressive interactions, and parasitism). Although many of these stressors are eliminated in laboratory environments, other stressors may be present in that access to space and social partners is...

  17. Rearing substrate and space allowance influences locomotor play behaviour of dairy calves in an arena test

    | Contributor(s):: Sutherland, Mhairi A., Worth, Gemma M., Schütz, Karin E., Stewart, Mairi

    The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of rearing substrate and space allowance in the home environment on the motivation of dairy calves to perform locomotor play in an arena test. At 1wk of age, 72 calves were moved into one of 18 experimental pens (n=4 calves/pen) where they...

  18. Housing of female mice in a new environment and its influence on post-surgical behaviour and recovery

    | Contributor(s):: Jirkof, Paulin, Cesarovic, Nikola, Rettich, Andreas, Arras, Margarete

    The transportation of mice into a new clean cage after surgery is a standard procedure but might have detrimental effects during the critical post-surgical recovery phase. To analyse the effect of post-surgical housing, female C57BL/6J mice housed in their familiar home cage or in a new...

  19. Factors influencing the welfare of goats in small established groups during the separation and reintegration of individuals

    | Contributor(s):: Patt, Antonia, Gygax, Lorenz, Wechsler, Beat, Hillmann, Edna, Palme, Rupert, Keil, Nina M.

    As a goat's separation from or reintegration into its group is likely to have an adverse effect on the welfare of both the separated goat and the remaining goats in the group, management procedures need to be carried out in a way that minimises their negative impact. In the present study, we...

  20. Environmental factors that affect the behavior and welfare of domestic cats (Felis silvestris catus) housed in cages

    | Contributor(s):: Stella, Judi, Croney, Candace, Buffington, Tony

    Understanding environmental factors that affect the behavior of cats in cages is important if caretakers are to improve the welfare of confined cats. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the macro (room) and micro (cage) environments on cat behavior and their implications for cat...