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  1. The welfare of ferrets (Mustela putorius furo T): A review on the housing and management of pet ferrets

    Contributor(s):: Vinke, Claudia M., Schoemaker, Nico J.

    Ferrets are very agile and lively animals, and their behavioural needs are not easily met in housing conditions like our living rooms. Nevertheless, ferrets are increasingly popular as pets. The present paper aims to review and discuss the available knowledge on our pet ferret. Topics are...

  2. Preference of dairy cows: Indoor cubicle housing with access to a total mixed ration vs. access to pasture

    Contributor(s):: Charlton, Gemma L., Rutter, Steven Mark, East, Martyn, Sinclair, Liam A.

    Cattle are grazing animals so it is generally assumed that pasture is a welfare friendly system as it is natural and allows the expression of normal behaviour, which may be restricted indoors. However, high yielding dairy cows may not be able to fulfil their nutritional demands from grass alone...

  3. Motivation for social contact in horses measured by operant conditioning

    Contributor(s):: Søndergaard, Eva, Jensen, Margit Bak, Nicol, Christine J.

    Although horses are social animals they are often housed individually with limited social contact to other horses and this may compromise their welfare. The present study included eight young female horses and investigated the strength of motivation for access to full social contact, head contact...

  4. Keeping horses in groups: A review

    Contributor(s):: Hartmann, Elke, Søndergaard, Eva, Keeling, Linda J.

    Although husbandry conditions for horses have improved over the last decades, many horses are still kept singly with limited or no physical contact to other horses. This is surprising, given the fact that keeping horses in groups is recognised best to fulfil their physical and behavioural needs,...

  5. Housing systems to meet the behavioural needs of a solitary mammal with an extensive home range: The Julia Creek dunnart (Sminthopsis douglasi)

    Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C., Davies, E., Lisle, A.

    The Julia Creek dunnart is a rare solitary marsupial that displays regular stereotyped pacing in captivity. An effective captive breeding programme has been hindered by the lack of an efficient housing system. An initial experiment examined the feasibility of housing in pairs, by mixing animals...

  6. Environmental enrichment induces optimistic cognitive biases in pigs

    Contributor(s):: Douglas, Catherine, Bateson, Melissa, Walsh, Clare, Bédué, Anaïs, Edwards, Sandra A.

    The objective assessment of affective (emotional) state in farm livestock, especially positive states, poses a significant challenge. In human psychology, there is evidence that affective state can alter cognition, with more positive states being associated with an increased likelihood of judging...

  7. Enrichment for captive tigers (Panthera tigris): Current knowledge and future directions

    Contributor(s):: Szokalski, Monika S., Litchfield, Carla A., Foster, Wendy K.

    Environmental enrichment is a common approach for addressing stereotypic behaviour in captive animals. Like many big cats, tigers (Panthera tigris) are renowned for their stereotypic pacing, yet relatively little is known about optimal enrichment for this species. Given the large proportion of...

  8. Effect of marginal environmental and social enrichment during rearing on pigs’ reactions to novelty, conspecifics and handling

    Contributor(s):: Tönepöhl, Björn, Appel, Anne K., Welp, Stephan, Voß, Barbara, König von Borstel, Uta, Gauly, Matthias

    The rearing environment of farmed animals can affect their behaviour when handled, and therefore needs to be taken into account when selecting for traits such as docility. Therefore, 126 German Landrace and Pietrain×German Landrace pigs were reared in two different production environments (barren...

  9. Comparing the relative benefits of grooming-contact and full-contact pairing for laboratory-housed adult female Macaca fascicularis

    Contributor(s):: Lee, Grace H., Thom, Jinhee P., Chu, Katherine L., Crockett, Carolyn M.

    Tactile social contact is the most effective form of environmental enrichment for promoting normal behavior in captive primates. For laboratory macaques housed indoors, pair housing is the most common method for socialization. Pairs can be housed either in full contact (FC), or in protected...

  10. Clustering and synchrony in laying hens: The effect of environmental resources on social dynamics

    Contributor(s):: Collins, Lisa M., Asher, Lucy, Pfeiffer, Dirk U., Browne, William J., Nicol, Christine J.

    Laying hens generally choose to aggregate, but the extent to which the environments in which we house them impact on social group dynamics is not known. In this paper the effect of pen environment on spatial clustering is considered. Twelve groups of four laying hens were studied under three...

  11. The course of parturition in two sow genotypes and two hut designs under free-range conditions

    Contributor(s):: Schild, S. L. A., Rangstrup-Christensen, L., Thorsen, C. K., Bonde, M. K., Pedersen, L. J.

    High piglet mortality remains a major challenge in outdoor pig production. The use of hyper prolific sow genotypes giving birth to large litters may prolong parturition and cause parturition-related problems under outdoor conditions where birth assistance cannot easily be provided. Therefore, the...

  12. Impact of prenatal stress and environmental enrichment prior to weaning on activity and social behaviour of piglets (Sus scrofa)

    Contributor(s):: Brajon, Sophie, Ringgenberg, Nadine, Torrey, Stephanie, Bergeron, Renée, Devillers, Nicolas

    Prenatal stress (PNS) can have detrimental effects on behaviour and welfare, such as decreased exploration. Whether housing enrichment before weaning compensate negative effect of PNS in commercial pigs is unknown. To address this question, 44 sows were assigned to either a mixing stress (T) or a...

  13. The effects of housing conditions on judgement bias in Japanese quail

    Contributor(s):: Horváth, Mária, Pichová, Katarína, Košťál, Ľubor

    The interaction between cognition and emotions represents previously unforeseen source of information for the animal welfare science. The prototype study of Harding et al. (2004) draw the attention of many researchers to the phenomenon of cognitive bias in animals. Their original approach using...

  14. The effect of temporary confinement of hyperprolific sows in Sow Welfare and Piglet protection pens on sow behaviour and salivary cortisol concentrations

    Contributor(s):: Hales, J., Moustsen, V. A., Nielsen, M. B. F., Hansen, C. F.

    The aim of this study was to investigate effects of confinement in Sow Welfare and Piglet protection pens (SWAP pen) for four days after farrowing on sow behaviour and salivary cortisol levels. Sows were randomly allocated to three treatments: loose-loose (LL), loose-confined (LC) or...

  15. The effect of free-stall versus strawyard housing and access to pasture on dairy cow locomotor activity and time budget

    Contributor(s):: Shepley, Elise, Lensink, Joop, Leruste, Hélène, Vasseur, Elsa

    Dairy housing systems can have major implications on how freely cows move within their environment and how fully they can express their behavioral repertoire, impacting overall welfare. To ensure housing systems are meeting the needs of the dairy cow, more information is needed on the best method...

  16. When 'Places' Include Pets: Broadening the Scope of Relational Approaches to Promoting Aging-in-Place

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ann M. Toohey, Jennifer A. Hewson, Cindy L. Adams, Melanie J. Rock

    Aging-in-place is a well-established concept, but discussions rarely consider that many older adults live with pets. In a ‘pet-friendly’ city, we conducted semi-structured interviews to explore perspectives of community-based social support agencies that promote aging-in-place, and...

  17. Perch-shape preference and perching behaviors of young laying hens

    | Contributor(s):: Liu, Kai, Xin, Hongwei, Shepherd, Tim, Zhao, Yang

    Provision of perches in enriched colony or cage-free hen housing facilitates birds' ability to express natural behaviors, thus enhancing animal welfare. Although considerable research has been conducted on poultry perches, further investigation is needed of perching behavior and preference of...

  18. The effects of kennel size and exercise on the behaviour and stress physiology of individually-housed greyhounds

    | Contributor(s):: Jongman, E. C., Butler, K. L., Hemsworth, P. H.

    Greyhounds are routinely bred and managed for racing and are usually housed in individual kennels. To address the question of whether greyhounds would benefit from an increase in the minimum kennel size specified in the Victorian Code of Practice, the effects of kennel size and routine exercise...

  19. Tools for Managing Feline Problem Behaviours: Owner understanding and involvement

    | Contributor(s):: Halls, V.

  20. Housing for People with an Acquired Brain or Spinal Injury: Mapping the Australian Funding Landscape

    | Contributor(s):: Wright, C. J., Colley, J., Knudsen, K., Kendall, E.