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The effects of some factors associated with transportation on the behavioural and physiological reactions of farmed red deer
Contributor(s):: Grigor, P. N., Goddard, P. J., Cockram, M. S., Rennie, S. C., Macdonald, A. J.
The effects of several aspects of transportation on the behavioural and physiological responses of red deer (Cervus elaphus) were studied. In two experiments conducted in winter and summer, two groups of five adult male castrated red deer (housed at a space allowance of 2.7 msuperscript 2 per...
The relationship between trough height, feather cover and behaviour of laying hens in modified cages
Contributor(s):: Freire, R., Walker, A., Nicol, C. J.
The feather condition and behaviour of ISA Brown laying hens in modified cages with elevated (28 cm above floor) and conventional (6 cm above floor) height feed troughs were measured at 32-34 and 56-59 weeks of age. Feather cover was generally better at the younger age than the older, and in...
Who let the dogs in? A pets policy for a supported housing organization
Contributor(s):: Hunt, Marcia G., Stein, Catherine H.
Contributor(s):: Parish, C.
Companion animal demographics for communities and shelters
Contributor(s):: Rowan, Andrew N., Patronek, Gary J.
The effect of cage size on play and aggression between dogs in purpose-bred beagles
Contributor(s):: Bebak, J., Beck, A. M.
Animal magic. Interview by Colin Wright
Contributor(s):: Thomson, A.
Facilitating pet ownership through improved housing design
Contributor(s):: Jackson, V. S.
Pet ownership by life group
Contributor(s):: Wise, J. K., Kushman, J. E.
A synthesis of the inter-relations animal house, environment, rentability, human and animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Maton, A.
Types of housing for dairy cattle, pigs and poultry are assessed in terms of environmental impact, economic factors and animal and human welfare.
Research approaches for improving the physical welfare and environment of laying hens
Contributor(s):: Tauson, R.
A multiple free choice model for pigs
Contributor(s):: Mwanjali, S., Smidt, D., Ellendorff, F.
A model which takes into consideration previous criticism of multiple free choice systems is proposed. A hexagonal housing system was constructed with 6 identical cubicles, which allowed elimination of all variables except the 1 to be investigated. Barriers could be introduced at the entrance to...
Agonistic and mating behavior of adult chickens modified by social and physical environments
Contributor(s):: Craig, J. V., Bhagwat, A. L.
Agonistic and mating behaviour in 48 flocks of adult White Leghorn fowls was observed for 8 wk. A factorial experimental design allowed evaluation of behaviour as affected by genetic strain, presence or absence of males , age group (initial ages of 32 or 48 wk), and less crowded floor pens...
Behavioral responses to short-term social isolation in sheep and goats
Contributor(s):: Price, E. O., Thos, J.
Temporary isolation from social partners under modern husbandry practices is often accompanied by psychological distress. The effects of short-term social isolation were studied in forty ten-week-old domestic sheep and goats reared in intra- and inter-specific pairs. Goats bleated and reared...
Effects of male presence on agonistic behavior and productivity of White Leghorn hens
Contributor(s):: Bhagwat, A. L., Craig, J. V.
Three experiments were performed, involving 18, 16 and 48 flocks with 9-16 females and 0-4 males per flock. The White Leghorn strains used had been selected either for egg mass or age at sexual maturity, or were unselected. Age at 50% egg production, rate of lay, survival rate, egg weight, egg...
Factors affecting lying behaviour and stall utilization of dairy cattle
Contributor(s):: Arave, C. W., Walters, J. L.
Stall usage under relatively uncrowded conditions by 59 dry Holstein cows and 18 heifers in late pregnancy were evaluated during 24-h periods. Left laterality (lying down on the left side) was observed 74.7 plus or minus 1.1% of the time for cows and 61.8 plus or minus 2.7% of the time for...
Fearful behavior by caged hens of two genetic stocks
Contributor(s):: Craig, J. V., Craig, T. P., Dayton, A. D.
Two White Leghorn strains which had both been selected for increased part-year egg mass but differed significantly from each other in agonistic behaviour, and sire families within each strain, were compared for nervousness scores and for latencies to feed and to return to normal activity after...
Observations on the nursing behaviour of beef cows suckling Charolais cross calves
Contributor(s):: Somerville, S. H., Lowman, B. G.
Three separate 48 h observations were made of the suckling behaviour of (1) Hereford X Friesian cows under grazing conditions, (2) Blue Grey cows under grazing conditions, and (3) Blue Grey cows housed. All the cows suckled Charolais cross calves. The mean suckling frequencies recorded were 5.5,...
Relationship between production factors and dominance in White Leghorn hens in a study on social rank and cage design
Contributor(s):: Cunningham, D. L., Tienhoven, A. van
The effects of social rank and cage shape on feeding frequency, weight gain, production rate, egg size, shell strength and overt aggressive activity were determined for layers housed 6 per cage in deep and shallow cages. Social rank significantly affected feeding frequency, production rate, egg...
The influence of social interactions upon the performance of laying hens in battery cages
Contributor(s):: Hughes, B. O., Black, A. J.
The importance of social interaction and dominance relationships in influencing egg production in battery cages was assessed. A light and a medium hybrid (Shaver 288 and Thornber 909) were housed as single birds, as pairs of the same strain or as mixed pairs. The light hybrid was more aggressive...