Social Referencing in the Domestic Horse
| Contributor(s):: Anne Schrimpf, Marie-Sophie Single, Christian Nawroth
Dogs and cats use human emotional information directed to an unfamiliar situation to guide their behavior, known as social referencing. It is not clear whether other domestic species show similar socio-cognitive abilities in interacting with humans. We investigated whether horses (n = 46)...
Responses to spoken words by domestic dogs: A new instrument for use with dog owners
| Contributor(s):: Reeve, Catherine, Jacques, Sophie
Achieving change through horses: Peter van Dommele at TEDxBilbao
| Contributor(s):: Peter van Dommele
Are Horses (Equus caballus) Sensitive to Human Emotional Cues?
| Contributor(s):: Chihiro Baba, Masahito Kawai, Ayaka Takimoto-Inose
Emotions are important for social animals because animals’ emotions function as beneficial cues to identify valuable resources such as food or to avoid danger by providing environmental information. Emotions also enable animals to predict individuals’ behavior and determine how...
The role of cat eye narrowing movements in cat–human communication
| Contributor(s):: Tasmin Humphrey, Leanne Proops, Jemma Forman, Rebecca Spooner, Karen McComb
Domestic animals are sensitive to human cues that facilitate inter-specific communication, including cues to emotional state. The eyes are important in signalling emotions, with the act of narrowing the eyes appearing to be associated with positive emotional communication in a range of species....
Communicating canine and human emotions
| Contributor(s):: Juliane Bräuer, Karine Silva, Stefan R. Schweinberger
Kujala (2017) reviews a topic of major relevance for the understanding of the special dog-human relationship: canine emotions (as seen through human social cognition). This commentary draws attention to the communication of emotions within such a particular social context. It highlights...
Le chien : un loup domestiqué pour communiquer avec l'homme : l'agressivité du chien
| Contributor(s):: Jean-Marie Giffroy
Il est établi, sur la base des recherches en archéozoologie et en génétique moléculaire, que le loup serait le principal ancêtre du chien et que la domestication se serait produite il y a 14000 ou 15000 ans, soit 5000 ans avant la domestication d'une...
Pigeons and Humans Time Miscued Intervals
| Contributor(s):: Shrinidhi Subramaniam
Cues signaling time to reinforcer availability can be highly informative, somewhat informative, or uninformative of the specific time to reinforcement. The purpose of this series of studies was to characterize the functional relation between miscues and pigeon and human response patterns in a...
Talking to Cows: Reactions to Different Auditory Stimuli During Gentle Human-Animal Interactions
| Contributor(s):: Lange, A., Bauer, L., Futschik, A., Waiblinger, S., Lürzel, S.
Ovariectomy Impairs Socio-Cognitive Functions in Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Anna Scandurra, Alessandra Alterisio, Anna Di Cosmo, Antonio D’Ambrosio, Biagio D’Aniello
Recent studies have underlined the effect of ovariectomy on the spatial cognition of female dogs, with ovariectomized dogs showing a clear preference for an egocentric rather than an allocentric navigation strategy whereas intact females did not show preferences. Intact females had better...
Life lessons from my horse | Stephanie Scheller | TEDxSanAntonio
| Contributor(s):: Stephanie Scheller
Through working with horses Stephanie has realized that the world often gives us exactly what we ask for, and understanding that may be the missing link we've been seeking. Stephanie Scheller may be young but she is an accomplished speaker, trainer & coach and has worked with close to...
Talking to Dogs: Companion Animal-Directed Speech in a Stress Test
| Contributor(s):: Raffaela Lesch, Kurt Kotrschal, Iris Schöberl, Andrea Beetz, Judith Solomon, W. Tecumseh Fitch
Companion animal-directed speech (CADS) has previously been investigated in comparison to infant-directed speech and adult-directed speech. To investigate the influence of owner caregiving, attachment pattern, and personality on CADS, we used the Ainsworth strange situation procedure. It...
Teaching Children and Parents to Understand Dog Signaling
| Contributor(s):: Kerstin Meints, Victoria Brelsford, Tiny De Keuster
Safe human-dog relationships require understanding of dogs’ signaling. As children are at particularly high risk of dog bites, we investigated longitudinally how children from 3 to 5 years and parents perceive and interpret dogs’ distress signaling gestures. All participants were...
This is what happens when you actually understand your dog | Anja Schweimer | TEDxTUM
| Contributor(s):: Anja Schweimer
In this revealing talk, Anja unmasks many myths around dogs she also once believed in. She points out what happens inside dogs when they look out of the window, play fetch or are yelled at, and which alternatives help you to better care for your dog. Furthermore, she explains why several pet...
Canine connections : fieldwork with a dog as research assistant
| Contributor(s):: Karen Lane
My research seeks out muted narratives that struggle to be heard in the contested city of Belfast. My dog is one of my ethnographic methods: dog-walking is rarely a direct journey from A to B and she can ‘authenticate’ my lingering presence in unfamiliar places; she is a gateway to...
What horses have taught me about communication and connection | Jim Culver | TEDxLander
| Contributor(s):: Jim Culver
In this personal story, Jim talks about the connection between him and his horse. Hear stories of how body language and emotion affect horses. Can day to day feelings affect how a horse reacts? Learn whether Jim was able to overcome this barrier with his horse. The intersection of...
Understanding of human referential gestures is not correlated to human-directed social behaviour in Labrador retrievers and German shepherd dogs
| Contributor(s):: Sundman, Ann-Sofie, Persson, Mia E., Grozelier, Anna, Halldén, Lise-Lotte, Jensen, Per, Roth, Lina S. V.
Dogs are known to excel in interspecific communication with humans and both communicate with humans and follow human communicative cues. Two tests commonly used to test these skills are, firstly, the problem-solving paradigm, and, secondly, following human referential signals, for example...
Effectiveness of verbal and gestural signals and familiarity with signal-senders on the performance of working dogs
| Contributor(s):: Scandurra, Anna, Alterisio, Alessandra, Marinelli, Lieta, Mongillo, Paolo, Semin, Gün Refik, D’Aniello, Biagio
We assessed how highly trained dogs respond to gestural versus verbal signals when their handlers or an unfamiliar person asked them to perform an obedience task. Dogs were requested to perform four different actions (“Sit”, “Down”, “Stay” and “Come”) upon receiving congruent (only gestural or...
Domestic dogs respond correctly to verbal cues issued by an artificial agent
| Contributor(s):: Shaw, Nicky, Riley, Lisa M.
Human-canine communication technology for the home-alone domestic dog is in its infancy. Many criteria need to be fulfilled in order for successful communication to be achieved remotely via artificial agents. Notably, the dogs’ capacity for correct behavioural responses to unimodal verbal cues is...
Keeper/orangutan interactions at Auckland Zoo: Communication, friendship, and ethics between species
| Contributor(s):: Alexandra Palmer
This thesis is aimed at addressing debates within and beyond anthropology pertaining to humans' relationships with nonhuman great apes. Employing a hybrid methodology derived from ethnoprimatology, I use a combination of historical, ethnographic, and ethological data to examine...