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  1. Let's Treat Each Other More Like Dogs | Ryan Matthews | TEDxSkyforest

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ryan Matthews

    What are the lifelong lessons dogs can teach us? Former elite military dog trainer and published author, Ryan Matthews, shares what dogs have taught him about human relationships. Perhaps it's no coincidence that dog spelled backward is G-o-d! Decorated veteran, gifted dog trainer and...

  2. Early-emerging and highly heritable sensitivity to human communication in dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emily E. Bray, Gitanjali E. Gnanadesikan, Daniel J. Horschler, Kerinne M. Levy, Brenda S. Kennedy, Thomas R. Famula, Evan L. MacLean

    Human cognition is believed to be unique in part because of early-emerging social skills for cooperative communication.1 Comparative studies show that at 2.5 years old, children reason about the physical world similarly to other great apes, yet already possess cognitive skills for cooperative...

  3. Cooperative Communication with Humans Evolved to Emerge Early in Domestic Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hannah Salomons, Kyle C.M. Smith, Megan Callahan-Beckel, Margaret Callahan, Kerinne Levy, Brenda S. Kennedy, Emily E. Bray, Gitanjali E. Gnanadesikan, Daniel J. Horschler, Margaret Gruen, Jingzhi Tan, Philip White, Bridgett M. vonHoldt, Evan L. MacLean, Brian Hare

    Although we know that dogs evolved from wolves, it remains unclear how domestication affected dog cognition. One hypothesis suggests dog domestication altered social maturation by a process of selecting for an attraction to humans.1,  2,  3 Under this account, dogs became more...

  4. Goats distinguish between positive and negative emotion-linked vocalisations

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Luigi Baciadonna, Elodie F. Briefer, Livio Favaro, Alan G. McElligott

    Background Evidence from humans suggests that the expression of emotions can regulate social interactions and promote coordination within a group. Despite its evolutionary importance, social communication of emotions in non-human animals is still not well understood. Here, we combine...

  5. Dogs distinguish human intentional and unintentional action

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Britta Schünemann, Judith Keller, Hannes Rakoczy, Tanya Behne, Juliane Bräuer

    When dogs interact with humans, they often show appropriate reactions to human intentional action. But it is unclear from these everyday observations whether the dogs simply respond to the action outcomes or whether they are able to discriminate between different categories of actions. Are dogs...

  6. Negotiation expert: Lessons from my horse | Margaret Neale | TEDxStanford

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Margaret Neale

    Co-author of Getting (More of) What You Want, award winning researcher and management professor Margaret Neale admits she doesn’t always take her own advice. In an honest talk about her personal experience, and based on her philosophy that “you can’t force someone to say...

  7. Monitoring Acute Pain in Donkeys with the Equine Utrecht University Scale for Donkeys Composite Pain Assessment (EQUUS-DONKEY-COMPASS) and the Equine Utrecht University Scale for Donkey Facial Assessment of Pain (EQUUS-DONKEY-FAP)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Machteld C. van Dierendonck, Faith A. Burden, Karen Rickards, Johannes P.A.M. van Loon

    Objective pain assessment in donkeys is of vital importance for improving welfare in a species that is considered stoic. This study presents the construction and testing of two pain scales, the Equine Utrecht University Scale for Donkey Composite Pain Assessment (EQUUS-DONKEY-COMPASS) and the...

  8. The Influence of Pointing Accuracy in an Object-Choice Task with Domestic Horses (Equus caballus)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Elizabeth A. Krisch

    This study evaluated the influence of pointing accuracy and experimenter identity on domestic horse (Equus caballus) behavior in an object-choice task. Results suggest that after receiving inaccurate pointing cues, horses adapt their responses based on their familiarity with an experimenter,...

  9. Social Referencing in the Domestic Horse

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anne Schrimpf, Marie-Sophie Single, Christian Nawroth

    Dogs and cats use human emotional information directed to an unfamiliar situation to guide their behavior, known as social referencing. It is not clear whether other domestic species show similar socio-cognitive abilities in interacting with humans. We investigated whether horses (n = 46)...

  10. Responses to spoken words by domestic dogs: A new instrument for use with dog owners

    | Contributor(s):: Reeve, Catherine, Jacques, Sophie

  11. Achieving change through horses: Peter van Dommele at TEDxBilbao

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Peter van Dommele

  12. Are Horses (Equus caballus) Sensitive to Human Emotional Cues?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chihiro Baba, Masahito Kawai, Ayaka Takimoto-Inose

    Emotions are important for social animals because animals’ emotions function as beneficial cues to identify valuable resources such as food or to avoid danger by providing environmental information. Emotions also enable animals to predict individuals’ behavior and determine how...

  13. The role of cat eye narrowing movements in cat–human communication

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tasmin Humphrey, Leanne Proops, Jemma Forman, Rebecca Spooner, Karen McComb

    Domestic animals are sensitive to human cues that facilitate inter-specific communication, including cues to emotional state. The eyes are important in signalling emotions, with the act of narrowing the eyes appearing to be associated with positive emotional communication in a range of species....

  14. Communicating canine and human emotions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Juliane Bräuer, Karine Silva, Stefan R. Schweinberger

    Kujala (2017) reviews a topic of major relevance for the understanding of the special dog-human relationship: canine emotions (as seen through human social cognition). This commentary draws attention to the communication of emotions within such a particular social context. It highlights...

  15. Le chien : un loup domestiqué pour communiquer avec l'homme : l'agressivité du chien

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jean-Marie Giffroy

    Il est établi, sur la base des recherches en archéozoologie et en génétique moléculaire, que le loup serait le principal ancêtre du chien et que la domestication se serait produite il y a 14000 ou 15000 ans, soit 5000 ans avant la domestication d'une...

  16. Pigeons and Humans Time Miscued Intervals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Shrinidhi Subramaniam

    Cues signaling time to reinforcer availability can be highly informative, somewhat informative, or uninformative of the specific time to reinforcement. The purpose of this series of studies was to characterize the functional relation between miscues and pigeon and human response patterns in a...

  17. Talking to Cows: Reactions to Different Auditory Stimuli During Gentle Human-Animal Interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Lange, A., Bauer, L., Futschik, A., Waiblinger, S., Lürzel, S.

  18. Ovariectomy Impairs Socio-Cognitive Functions in Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Scandurra, Alessandra Alterisio, Anna Di Cosmo, Antonio D’Ambrosio, Biagio D’Aniello

    Recent studies have underlined the effect of ovariectomy on the spatial cognition of female dogs, with ovariectomized dogs showing a clear preference for an egocentric rather than an allocentric navigation strategy whereas intact females did not show preferences. Intact females had better...

  19. Life lessons from my horse | Stephanie Scheller | TEDxSanAntonio

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stephanie Scheller

    Through working with horses Stephanie has realized that the world often gives us exactly what we ask for, and understanding that may be the missing link we've been seeking. Stephanie Scheller may be young but she is an accomplished speaker, trainer & coach and has worked with close to...

  20. Talking to Dogs: Companion Animal-Directed Speech in a Stress Test

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Raffaela Lesch, Kurt Kotrschal, Iris Schöberl, Andrea Beetz, Judith Solomon, W. Tecumseh Fitch

    Companion animal-directed speech (CADS) has previously been investigated in comparison to infant-directed speech and adult-directed speech. To investigate the influence of owner caregiving, attachment pattern, and personality on CADS, we used the Ainsworth strange situation procedure. It...