Social Referencing in the Domestic Horse
| Contributor(s):: Anne Schrimpf, Marie-Sophie Single, Christian Nawroth
Dogs and cats use human emotional information directed to an unfamiliar situation to guide their behavior, known as social referencing. It is not clear whether other domestic species show similar socio-cognitive abilities in interacting with humans. We investigated whether horses (n = 46)...
Responses to spoken words by domestic dogs: A new instrument for use with dog owners
| Contributor(s):: Reeve, Catherine, Jacques, Sophie
Are Horses (Equus caballus) Sensitive to Human Emotional Cues?
| Contributor(s):: Chihiro Baba, Masahito Kawai, Ayaka Takimoto-Inose
Emotions are important for social animals because animals’ emotions function as beneficial cues to identify valuable resources such as food or to avoid danger by providing environmental information. Emotions also enable animals to predict individuals’ behavior and determine how...
The role of cat eye narrowing movements in cat–human communication
| Contributor(s):: Tasmin Humphrey, Leanne Proops, Jemma Forman, Rebecca Spooner, Karen McComb
Domestic animals are sensitive to human cues that facilitate inter-specific communication, including cues to emotional state. The eyes are important in signalling emotions, with the act of narrowing the eyes appearing to be associated with positive emotional communication in a range of species....
Communicating canine and human emotions
| Contributor(s):: Juliane Bräuer, Karine Silva, Stefan R. Schweinberger
Kujala (2017) reviews a topic of major relevance for the understanding of the special dog-human relationship: canine emotions (as seen through human social cognition). This commentary draws attention to the communication of emotions within such a particular social context. It highlights...
Le chien : un loup domestiqué pour communiquer avec l'homme : l'agressivité du chien
| Contributor(s):: Jean-Marie Giffroy
Il est établi, sur la base des recherches en archéozoologie et en génétique moléculaire, que le loup serait le principal ancêtre du chien et que la domestication se serait produite il y a 14000 ou 15000 ans, soit 5000 ans avant la domestication d'une...
Talking to Cows: Reactions to Different Auditory Stimuli During Gentle Human-Animal Interactions
| Contributor(s):: Lange, A., Bauer, L., Futschik, A., Waiblinger, S., Lürzel, S.
Ovariectomy Impairs Socio-Cognitive Functions in Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Anna Scandurra, Alessandra Alterisio, Anna Di Cosmo, Antonio D’Ambrosio, Biagio D’Aniello
Recent studies have underlined the effect of ovariectomy on the spatial cognition of female dogs, with ovariectomized dogs showing a clear preference for an egocentric rather than an allocentric navigation strategy whereas intact females did not show preferences. Intact females had better...
Talking to Dogs: Companion Animal-Directed Speech in a Stress Test
| Contributor(s):: Raffaela Lesch, Kurt Kotrschal, Iris Schöberl, Andrea Beetz, Judith Solomon, W. Tecumseh Fitch
Companion animal-directed speech (CADS) has previously been investigated in comparison to infant-directed speech and adult-directed speech. To investigate the influence of owner caregiving, attachment pattern, and personality on CADS, we used the Ainsworth strange situation procedure. It...
Teaching Children and Parents to Understand Dog Signaling
| Contributor(s):: Kerstin Meints, Victoria Brelsford, Tiny De Keuster
Safe human-dog relationships require understanding of dogs’ signaling. As children are at particularly high risk of dog bites, we investigated longitudinally how children from 3 to 5 years and parents perceive and interpret dogs’ distress signaling gestures. All participants were...
Canine connections : fieldwork with a dog as research assistant
| Contributor(s):: Karen Lane
My research seeks out muted narratives that struggle to be heard in the contested city of Belfast. My dog is one of my ethnographic methods: dog-walking is rarely a direct journey from A to B and she can ‘authenticate’ my lingering presence in unfamiliar places; she is a gateway to...
Understanding of human referential gestures is not correlated to human-directed social behaviour in Labrador retrievers and German shepherd dogs
| Contributor(s):: Sundman, Ann-Sofie, Persson, Mia E., Grozelier, Anna, Halldén, Lise-Lotte, Jensen, Per, Roth, Lina S. V.
Dogs are known to excel in interspecific communication with humans and both communicate with humans and follow human communicative cues. Two tests commonly used to test these skills are, firstly, the problem-solving paradigm, and, secondly, following human referential signals, for example...
Effectiveness of verbal and gestural signals and familiarity with signal-senders on the performance of working dogs
| Contributor(s):: Scandurra, Anna, Alterisio, Alessandra, Marinelli, Lieta, Mongillo, Paolo, Semin, Gün Refik, D’Aniello, Biagio
We assessed how highly trained dogs respond to gestural versus verbal signals when their handlers or an unfamiliar person asked them to perform an obedience task. Dogs were requested to perform four different actions (“Sit”, “Down”, “Stay” and “Come”) upon receiving congruent (only gestural or...
Domestic dogs respond correctly to verbal cues issued by an artificial agent
| Contributor(s):: Shaw, Nicky, Riley, Lisa M.
Human-canine communication technology for the home-alone domestic dog is in its infancy. Many criteria need to be fulfilled in order for successful communication to be achieved remotely via artificial agents. Notably, the dogs’ capacity for correct behavioural responses to unimodal verbal cues is...
Are Conversations Between Dolphins and Humans Possible?
| Contributor(s):: Stan A. Kuczaj II
Scientific speculations concerning the sophistication of dolphin communication systems have contributed to the notion that meaningful two-way communication between dolphins and humans is possible. This notion has garnered considerable support in the media and popular literature, resulting in an...
Words, woofs, and whinnies: A study of human-animal language
| Contributor(s):: Claire Brown
Human-animal communication occurs in both verbal and nonverbal contexts to varying degrees, depending upon the breed of animal and the strength of the relationship between human and animal. This essay studies the way in which humans verbally communicate with animals in the United States,...
Dog growls express various contextual and affective content for human listeners
| Contributor(s):: T Faragó, N Takács, A Miklósi, P Pongrácz
Vocal expressions of emotions follow simple rules to encode the inner state of the caller into acoustic parameters, not just within species, but also in cross-species communication. Humans use these structural rules to attribute emotions to dog vocalizations, especially to barks, which match with...
Using animal communication strategy (ACS) for MANET routing
| Contributor(s):: T. Manimegalai, C. Jayakumar, G. Gunasekaran
A mobile ad-hoc network (MANET) is a network of wireless nodes with high mobility. Mobile nodes change their position quickly in any direction and speed, and follow an infrastructure-less network. Although there are many mobility models and protocols available to find the path between any two...
The Dog: A Domestic Wolf to Communicate with Man: The Aggressiveness of the Dog
| Contributor(s):: Jean-Mane Giffroy
On the basis of research in archeozoology and molecular genetics, it is established that the wolf is the main ancestor of the dog and that domestication would have occurred some 14,000 or 15,000 years ago, 5,000 years before the domestication of another species. The place or places of the first...
A Difference that Makes a Difference: Welfare and the Equality of Consideration
| Contributor(s):: Weber, Elijah