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  1. Spatial Concentrations of Wildlife Attacks on Humans in Chitwan National Park, Nepal

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Aleš Ruda, Jaromír Kolejka, Thakur Silwal

    The study was conducted within and adjacent to Chitwan National Park in Nepal (CNP), where several wildlife species are involved in conflicts with humans. We assessed the spatial relationships between the number of victims/km2 (=victim density or VD) of attack by wildlife (elephant, rhino,...

  2. Human-Carnivore Relations: Conflicts, Tolerance and Coexistence in the American West

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mónica Expósito-Granados, Antonio J Castro, Jorge Lozano, Jose A Aznar-Sanchez, Neil H Carter, Juan M Requena-Mullor, Aurelio F Malo, Agnieszka Olszańska, Zebensui Morales-Reyes, Marcos Moleón, José A Sánchez-Zapata, Ainara Cortés-Avizanda, Joern Fischer, Berta Martín-López

    Carnivore and humans live in proximity due to carnivore recovery efforts and ongoing human encroachment into carnivore habitats globally. The American West is a region that uniquely exemplifies these human-carnivore dynamics, however, it is unclear how the research community here integrates...

  3. When Human-Leopard Conflict Turns Deadly: A Cross-Country Situational Analysis

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Julie S. Viollaz

    Habitat destruction and pollution are two of the main causes for the decline of the planet’s biodiversity. Yet environmentalists are now recognizing that illegal wildlife killings, both poaching and retaliatory killings due to human-wildlife conflict, are perhaps the next major threat....

  4. Human/wildlife conflict: an overlooked historical context for the UK's bovine TB problem

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Angela Cassidy

    The question of whether to cull wild badgers (Meles meles) in order to control the spread of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in cattle has been deeply contentious since infections in the two species were first linked in the 1970s, and is now the subject of an escalating public controversy in the UK....

  5. Improving Human-Wildlife Interactions by Resolving Human-Wildlife Conflicts

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Terry Messmer

  6. Methods for Managing Human–Deer Conflicts in Urban, Suburban, and Exurban Areas

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Geoff D. Westerfield, Justin M. Shannon, Orrin V. Duvuvuei, Thomas A. Decker, Nathan P. Snow, Erin D. Shank, Brian F. Wakeling, H. Bryant White

    This monograph identifies challenges and benefits associated with many human–deer conflict mitigation actions as well as methods to monitor the response of deer populations to management actions. Deer exploit urban, suburban, and exurban areas where human populations provide anthropogenic...

  7. Assessing Owl Collisions with US Civil and US Air Force Aircraft

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kimberly E. Linnell

    Collisions between wildlife and aircraft (wildlife strikes) pose notable risks. Previous research has found that a variety of birds and mammals are involved in wildlife strikes, but no comprehensive evaluation of collisions between owl and aircraft (owl strikes) has been conducted. We queried...

  8. Status and Magnitude of Grey Wolf Conflict with Pastoral Communities in the Foothills of the Hindu Kush Region of Pakistan

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tauheed Ullah Khan, Xiaofeng Luan, Shahid Ahmad, Abdul Mannan, Waqif Khan, Abdul Aziz Khan, Barkat Ullah Khan, Emad Ud Din, Suman Bhattarai, Sher Shah, Sajjad Saeed, Ummay Amara

    Pastoralist–wolf conflict over livestock depredation is the main factor affecting conservation of grey wolf worldwide. Very limited research has been carried out to evaluate the pattern and nature of livestock depredation by wolf. This study aims to determine the status and nature of...

  9. Human-Black Bear Conflicts

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carl W. Lackey, Stewart W. Breck, Brian F. Wakeling, Bryant White

    Most human–black bear (Ursus americanus) conflict occurs when people make anthropogenic foods like garbage, dog food, domestic poultry, or fruit trees available to bears. Bears change their behavior to take advantage of these resources and may damage property or cause public safety...

  10. Evaluating lethal and nonlethal management options for urban coyotes

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stewart W. Breck, Sharon A. Poessel, Mary Ann Bonnell

    Human–coyote (Canis latrans) conflict in urban environments is a growing issue in cities throughout the United States, with the primary problem being the development of problem individuals that are overly bold and aggressive with people and pets. Little research has focused on management...

  11. Human–Black Bear Conflicts: A Review of Common Management Practices

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carl W. Lackey, Stewart W. Breck, Brian F. Wakeling, Bryant White

    The objective of this monograph is to provide wildlife professionals, who respond to human–bear conflicts, with an appraisal of the most common techniques used for mitigating conflicts as well as the benefits and challenges of each technique in a single document. Most human–black...

  12. State Management of Human–Wildlife Conflicts

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kurt C. VerCauteren, Daniel Hirchert, Scott Hygnstrom

    Many positive experiences are associated with wildlife, from passively watching animals in our backyards to actively hunting in publicly owned forests. Unfortunately, wildlife can be a double- edged sword. Human– wildlife conflicts are pervasive in society, and nearly all...

  13. Large Terrestrial Bird Adapting Behavior in an Urbanized Zone

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Eduardo R. Alexandrino, Juliano A. Bogoni, Ana B. Navarro, Alex A. A. Bovo, Rafael M. Gonçalves, Jacob D. Charters, Juan A. Domini, Katia M. P. M. B. Ferraz

    Wildlife living within urban ecosystems have to adapt or perish. Red-legged Seriema, a large terrestrial bird, are rare in urban ecosystems, however, they have been reported in a medium-sized Brazilian city. We investigated the reasons for this occurrence as well as their behavior. We assessed...

  14. An analysis of human–black bear conflict in Utah

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Julie Ann Miller, Tom S. Smith, Janene Auger, Hal Black, Loreen Allphin

    Conflict between black bears (Ursus americanus) and humans has occurred in Utah, but the records are largely incomplete. To document these events, the Utah Division of Wildlife Resources initiated a black bear sightings and encounters database in 2003, and we updated it. From 2003–2013,...

  15. Proceedings of the Seventeenth Wildlife Damage Management Conference, Orange Beach, AL, February 26-March 1, 2017

    Full-text: Available

    Proceedings full document

  16. An Overview of Increasing Incidents of Bottlenose Dolphin Harassment in the Gulf of Mexico and Possible Solutions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Courtney S. Vail

    The panhandle region of the Gulf of Mexico is known by scientists, regulatory agencies and conservation organizations as a “hotbed” area of dolphin harassment. Interactions between humans and wild dolphins routinely occur through close vessel approaches or through direct contact...

  17. Impact of Wind Energy on Bats: a Summary of our Current Knowledge

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cris D. Hein, Michael R. Schirmacher

    Since 2003, when it was discovered that large numbers of bats were being killed at wind turbines in the eastern United States, our understanding of the impact of wind energy development on bats has increased and consistent patterns of fatality, including seasonality and species composition have...

  18. Human-Bear Interactions Among Black Bears in Bryce Canyon National Park, Utah, and Polar Bears on Alaska's North Slope

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Wesley G. Larson

    Human-bear interactions are an important consideration of bear biology, as interactions can lead to destruction of property as well as injury or death for both human and bear. Successful analysis of why these interactions occur can lead to appropriate preventative measures and mitigation of...

  19. How bees can keep the peace between elephants and humans | Lucy King

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lucy King

    Imagine waking in the middle of the night to an elephant ripping the roof from your house in search of food. This is a reality in some communities in Africa where, as wild spaces shrink, people and elephants are competing for space and resources like never before. In this engaging talk,...

  20. Human-wildlife conflict-causes, consequences and mitigation measures with special reference to Kashmir

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Aadil Habib, Ishfaq Nazir, Mustahson F. Fazili, Bilal A. Bhat

    The rising levels of man-animal conflicts at various locations of Kashmir valley in India are due to close proximity between humans and wild carnivores particularly leopard and black bear. The data regarding human injuries and mortalities caused during conflicts from 2010 to 2012 was collected...