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  1. The Challenges and Benefits of Pet Ownership for Seniors

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Zazie Todd

  2. Human and Animal Interactions Education Abroad--Ireland

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rhiann Travis

    My STEP Signature Project was a 10-day education abroad trip to Ireland, focusing on the role of animals in our society and how history, government, geography and infrastructure can impact cultural development and the use of land and animals in different societies.

  3. Environmental Complexity: Additional Human Visual Contact Reduced Meat Chickens' Fear of Humans and Physical Items Altered Pecking Behavior

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Taylor, P. S., Hemsworth, P. H., Rault, J. L.

    Increased environmental complexity can improve animal welfare, depending on the resources provided and use by the animal. We provided chickens either with physical items that posed no biosecurity risk and were inexpensive (balls, chains, perches and rope) (P; n = 36) or additional visual human...

  4. Investigating the Behavior and Personality Structure of the Aldabra Tortoise during Human Interactions and Training Events

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Quintavalle Pastorino, G., Smith, V., Faustini, M., Bonacina, E., Guadagnini, D., Robbiati, R., Cavalleri, A., Brereton, J. E., Preziosi, R.

    Human-animal interaction (HAI) can be valuable for captive animals, and many zoo-housed species benefit from interactions with their keepers. There is also an increasing body of evidence that some animal species possess personalities that are temporally consistent. However, the majority of zoo...

  5. Mixed Reality-Based Interaction between Human and Virtual Cat for Mental Stress Management

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Na, H., Park, S., Dong, S. Y.

    Human-animal interaction (HAI) has been observed to effectively reduce stress and induce positive emotions owing to the process of directly petting and interacting with animals. Interaction with virtual animals has recently emerged as an alternative due to the limitations in general physical...

  6. Zootherapy as a potential pathway for zoonotic spillover: a mixed-methods study of the use of animal products in medicinal and cultural practices in Nigeria

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Friant, S., Bonwitt, J., Ayambem, W. A., Ifebueme, N. M., Alobi, A. O., Otukpa, O. M., Bennett, A. J., Shea, C., Rothman, J. M., Goldberg, T. L., Jacka, J. K.

    BACKGROUND: Understanding how and why people interact with animals is important for the prevention and control of zoonoses. To date, studies have primarily focused on the most visible forms of human-animal contact (e.g., hunting and consumption), thereby blinding One Health researchers and...

  7. Designing Man's New Best Friend: Enhancing Human-Robot Dog Interaction through Dog-Like Framing and Appearance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: de Visser, E. J., Topoglu, Y., Joshi, S., Krueger, F., Phillips, E., Gratch, J., Tossell, C. C., Ayaz, H.

    To understand how to improve interactions with dog-like robots, we evaluated the importance of "dog-like" framing and physical appearance on interaction, hypothesizing multiple interactive benefits of each. We assessed whether framing Aibo as a puppy (i.e., in need of development)...

  8. Serum Oxytocin in Cows Is Positively Correlated with Caregiver Interactions in the Impossible Task Paradigm

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: D'Aniello, B., Mastellone, V., Pinelli, C., Scandurra, A., Musco, N., Tudisco, R., Pero, M. E., Infascelli, F., Di Lucrezia, A., Lombardi, P.

    This study explored a possible relationship between the circulating oxytocin, cortisol, and the willingness of dairy cows to engage in social behaviors with humans in an experimental context. The behaviors of twenty-nine cows were recorded during the impossible task paradigm, a procedure aimed...

  9. The Animal-Human Interface in Farm Animal Production: Animal Fear, Stress, Reproduction and Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Acharya, R. Y., Hemsworth, P. H., Coleman, G. J., Kinder, J. E.

    A negative human-animal relationship (HAR) from the perspective of the animal is a limiting factor affecting farm animal welfare, as well as farm animal productivity. Research in farm animals has elucidated sequential relationships between stockperson attitudes, stockperson behaviour, farm...

  10. Relationships between owner and household characteristics and enrichment and cat behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Windschnurer, Ines, Häusler, Andrea, Waiblinger, Susanne, Coleman, Grahame J.

    2022Applied Animal Behaviour Science2471055620168-159110.1016/j.applanim.2022.105562text

  11. Emergency Department Visits and Hospitalizations Associated with Animal Injuries, 2009

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: A. Adams, J. Sutton, A. Elixhauser

  12. Urbanisation, the Peri-urban Growth and Zoonotic Disease

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Linda Waldman

    Ebola has had significant, negative effects in the rapidly expanding, unregulated areas of peri-urban and urban West Africa. The residents of these areas maintain vital connections with rural populations while intermingling with and living in close proximity to urban and elite populations....

  13. Center for Human-Animal Interactions Research and Education

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kelly George

    Human-animal interactions (HAI) are an integral part of society and have become the topic of many discussions across a variety of contexts, including: media, scientific research, food production, one health, conservation, and welfare and behavior. Many argue that the resilience and...

  14. Researchers, not dogs, lack control in an experiment on jealousy

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer Vonk

    Cook and colleagues (2018) have developed a clever method to measure fMRI in awake dogs in response to a number of interesting stimuli. As a result, they are able to determine neural correlates of observable behavior. They report that dogs may experience something akin to jealousy because they...

  15. People and Animals: The International Journal of Research and Practice (Volume 5, Issue 1)

    Full-text: Available

  16. The Demography and Practice of Australians Caring for Native Wildlife and the Psychological, Physical and Financial Effects of Rescue, Rehabilitation and Release of Wildlife on the Welfare of Carers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bruce Englefield, Steve Candy, Melissa Starling, Paul McGreevy

    The rescue, rehabilitation and release of injured and orphaned Australian wildlife is managed by over 20,000 carers, mostly voluntarily. These volunteers experience mental, physical and financial challenges that have not been researched adequately. This study collated the responses (n =...

  17. Sustainable Safari Practices: Proximity to Wildlife, Educational Intervention and the Quality of Experience

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ryan Devine Tarver

    This research examines the perceived quality of experience for safari tourists in relation to wildlife viewing proximities and the potential of educational interventions as a management strategy to mitigate adverse impacts of safari participant crowding. Crowding emanates from the safari...

  18. Bipartite networks improve understanding of effects of waterbody size and angling method on angler-fish interactions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Christopher J. Chizinski, Dustin R. Martin, Daizaburo Shizuka, Kevin L. Pope

    Networks used to study interactions could provide insights to fisheries. We compiled data from 27 297 interviews of anglers across waterbodies that ranged in size from 1 to 12 113 ha. Catch rates of fish species among anglers grouped by species targeted generally differed between angling...

  19. Wildlife as Pets: Reshaping Public Perceptions Through Targeted Communication

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rosanna M. Vail

  20. Pet Ownership and Quality of Life: A Systematic Review of the Literature

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Scoresby, K. J., Strand, E. B., Ng, Z., Brown, K. C., Stilz, C. R., Strobel, K., Barroso, C. S., Souza, M.

    Pet ownership is the most common form of human-animal interaction, and anecdotally, pet ownership can lead to improved physical and mental health for owners. However, scant research is available validating these claims. This study aimed to review the recent peer reviewed literature to better...