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  1. Human-Carnivore Relations: Conflicts, Tolerance and Coexistence in the American West

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mónica Expósito-Granados, Antonio J Castro, Jorge Lozano, Jose A Aznar-Sanchez, Neil H Carter, Juan M Requena-Mullor, Aurelio F Malo, Agnieszka Olszańska, Zebensui Morales-Reyes, Marcos Moleón, José A Sánchez-Zapata, Ainara Cortés-Avizanda, Joern Fischer, Berta Martín-López

    Carnivore and humans live in proximity due to carnivore recovery efforts and ongoing human encroachment into carnivore habitats globally. The American West is a region that uniquely exemplifies these human-carnivore dynamics, however, it is unclear how the research community here integrates...

  2. Attitude Analysis of Child-Constructed Scenes Depicting Human Interactions with Unpopular Nonhuman Animals

    | Contributor(s):: Zhbanova, Ksenia S., Leffler, Jeffrey L., Rule, Audrey C.

  3. Exploring and Developing the Questions Used to Measure the Human–Dog Bond: New and Existing Themes

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Samet, Lauren E., Vaterlaws-Whiteside, Helen, Harvey, Naomi D., Upjohn, Melissa M., Casey, Rachel A.

    Dogs play an important role in many western societies, providing companionship, emotional support, and assistance, as well as other more specialist roles. The literature reveals that many human–animal interaction (HAI) questionnaires exist to measure the human–dog bond (HDB). The...

  4. The Importance of Evaluating Positive Welfare Characteristics and Temperament in Working Therapy Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Miller, S. L., Serpell, J. A., Dalton, K. R., Waite, K. B., Morris, D. O., Redding, L. E., Dreschel, N. A., Davis, M. F.

    To date, investigations of the welfare of therapy dogs have focused largely on examining physiological and behavioral measures that could indicate if the animal is experiencing stress or distress. However, this approach does not fully address the definition of welfare which is often described as...

  5. Influencing Elimination Location in the Domestic Cat: A Semiochemical Approach

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kasbaoui, N., Bienboire-Frosini, C., Monneret, P., Leclercq, J., Descout, E., Cozzi, A., Pageat, P.

    In the domestic cat, elimination at an inappropriate location is considered by cat owners and non-cat owners as an undesirable behaviour. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of a semiochemical formulation, reconstituted volatile fraction of cat anal gland secretions on the elimination...

  6. Child-Dog Attachment, Emotion Regulation and Psychopathology: The Mediating Role of Positive and Negative Behaviours

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hawkins, R. D., Robinson, C., Brodie, Z. P.

    Emerging evidence suggests that pet dogs can offer features of a secure attachment which has been associated with healthy psychological development across the lifespan. Limited research has investigated the underpinning mechanisms that may contribute to the benefits and risks of child–dog...

  7. Attachment towards the Owner Is Associated with Spontaneous Sleep EEG Parameters in Family Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carreiro, Cecília, Reicher, Vivien, Kis, Anna, Gácsi, Márta

    Affective neuroscience studies have demonstrated the impact of social interactions on sleep quality. In humans, trait-like social behaviors, such as attachment, are related to sleep brain activity patterns. Our aim was to investigate associations between companion dogs’ spontaneous brain...

  8. Assessing the Visitor and Animal Outcomes of a Zoo Encounter and Guided Tour Program with Ambassador Cheetahs

    | Contributor(s):: Whitehouse-Tedd, Katherine M., Lozano-Martinez, Jairo, Reeves, Jessica, Page, Mollie, Martin, Jaime H., Prozesky, Heidi

    Research into the effectiveness of zoo Ambassador Animal Programs (AAPs) has typically investigated human or animal factors separately. This study took a multi-dimensional approach and aimed primarily to (1) determine whether change in visitor knowledge was influenced by the type of experience...

  9. Understanding and Conceptualizing Childhood Animal Harm: A Meta-Narrative Systematic Review

    | Contributor(s):: Wauthier, Laura M., Williams, Joanne M.

    Several perspectives inform research on Childhood Animal Cruelty (CAC), but these perspectives are poorly integrated with each other and there is little dialogue with the rest of the child–animal interaction (CAI) literature. This study reviews the current empirical and theoretical literature on...

  10. The Difference is in the Details: Attachment and Cross-Species Parenting in the United States and India

    | Contributor(s):: Volsche, Shelly, Mukherjee, Rijita, Rangaswamy, Madhavi

    The purpose of the current research was to explore changes in Indian attitudes and practices with pet dogs and cats and compare them with responses from the United States. Pet parenting, defined as the investment of money, emotion, and time in companion animals, is a form of alloparental care...

  11. Using the Implicit Association Test to Evaluate Subconscious Attitudes Toward Snakes

    | Contributor(s):: Vaughn, Audrey K., Nils Peterson, M., Casola, William R., Stevenson, Kathryn T., Pacifici, Lara B.

    Human fear and antipathy toward snakes make conservation and management of these species difficult, as negative attitudes are not generally linked to public support. However, our understanding of whether such attitudes are innate or learned is limited. In this study, respondents aged 7–76 years...

  12. Effects of Essential Animal Visitation Program (AVP) Components on Students’ Salivary α-Amylase and Amylase-to-Cortisol Ratios

    | Contributor(s):: Vandagriff, Jaymie L., Carr, Alexa M., Roeter Smith, Stephanie M., Pendry, Patricia

    While efficacy trials suggest that Animal Visitation Programs (AVPs) relieve university student stress, their essential components are unknown. Students were randomly assigned to one of four 10-min conditions: AVP touch (n = 73), AVP proximity (n = 62), AVP imagery (n = 57), or AVP waitlist (n =...

  13. Attitudes in China, Japan, and the Netherlands Toward the Use of Animals in Medical Research

    | Contributor(s):: Su, Bingtao, Zhang, Chao, Martens, Pim

    The use of animals in medical research raises ethical challenges. In light of this moral issue, this study sought to investigate and compare people’s attitudes toward the use of ten animal species in medical research based on data collected from China (n = 504; men = 294, women = 210), Japan (n =...

  14. Between Freedom and Abandonment: Social Representations of Free-Roaming Donkeys in the Brazilian Northeast

    | Contributor(s):: Perozzi Gameiro, Mariana Bombo, Clancy, Cara, Zanella, Adroaldo José

    The presence of free-roaming donkeys on Brazilian Northeastern roads has significant welfare and safety implications for both humans and animals. Working donkeys have played an important historical role in regional development and are considered a cultural symbol of the Brazilian Northeast, as...

  15. Applying the Stereotype Content Model (SCM) and BIAS Map to Understand Attitudinal and Behavioral Tendencies Toward the Conservation of Sharks

    | Contributor(s):: Neves, João, Pestana, José, Giger, Jean-Christophe

    Sharks are at increasing risk of extinction. Being a key factor in maintaining the balance of marine life in the ocean, as well as regulating the variety and abundance of the species below them in the food chain, their depletion is threatening the whole marine ecological system. Aside from the...

  16. Institutional one health and animal-human health connections in Nthongoni, Eastern Kenya

    | Contributor(s):: Mwangi, D. K.

    In recent years, there has been increased global advocacy for the use of a collaborative, multisectoral, and transdisciplinary approach: a One Health approach, with the goal to achieve optimal health outcomes for people, animals and their shared environment. This study explored One Health...

  17. Human Ability to Determine Affective States in Domestic Horse Whinnies

    | Contributor(s):: Merkies, Katrina, Crouchman, Elizabeth, Belliveau, Haley

    Horses use whinnies as a communication tool that potentially indicates positive or negative situations reflective of their felt experience. Being able to interpret the emotional state of horses allows humans to respond appropriately to mitigate a negative situation or repeat or enhance a positive...

  18. Buddy or burden? Patterns, perceptions, and experiences of pet ownership among older adults in switzerland

    | Contributor(s):: Meier, Clément, Maurer, Jürgen

    While interactions with pets may yield significant emotional, social, and physical benefits, taking care of them can also be demanding and experienced as a burden, especially among persons with physical restrictions or economically disadvantaged individuals. This study investigates pet ownership...

  19. Investigating Attitudes Toward Sharks in Australia

    | Contributor(s):: Le Busque, Brianna, Roetman, Philip, Dorrian, Jillian, Litchfield, Carla

    Understanding attitudes toward sharks and the factors associated with them is important for promoting positive attitudes and support for conservation initiatives. We aimed to investigate attitudes toward two different shark species in an Australian context: white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias, a...

  20. Seeking Sanctuary: Creating a New Utopia on a Donkey Farm

    | Contributor(s):: James, Anna, Pieterse, Jimmy

    A recent uptick in international trade in donkey hides has sparked intense concern among social activists. Several campaigns have been launched in attempts to protect donkeys and to ensure their wellbeing in response to what various groups have labeled a “crisis.” As a result, donkeys have...