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  1. Pets in the family: An evolutionary perspective

    Contributor(s):: Serpell, James A., Paul, Elizabeth S.

  2. Human-pig relationships and fertility

    Contributor(s):: Tarocco, C.

    A review. It is concluded that fear of humans may be a major factor adversely affecting fertility of sows. Management procedures should be directed towards the development of stress-free relationships between sows and their handlers.

  3. The influence of human-animal interactions in farm animal production and reproduction: a review

    Contributor(s):: Mulkens, F., Geers, R.

    The conclusion from this review of work in livestock and poultry is that interactions between the stockman and his animals can have a significant influence on the behaviour, welfare and performance of animals.

  4. Adopting shelter dogs: owner experiences of the first month post-adoption

    Contributor(s):: Marston, L. C., Bennett, P. C., Coleman, G. J.

    A number of studies have examined factors associated with the relinquishment of pet dogs to animal welfare shelters. In Australia, however, there has been little investigation of new owners' experiences when they subsequently adopt one of these dogs. To address this, telephone interviews were...

  5. Animal-related activities and appreciation of animals among children and adolescents

    Contributor(s):: Bjerke, T., Kaltenborn, B. P., Odegardstuen, T. S.

    Five hundred and sixty-two children and adolescents, aged between nine and 15 years, from one urban and three rural areas in Southern Norway, completed a questionnaire in which they expressed their degree of preference for various animal species, participation in animal-related activities, and...

  6. Animal-related attitudes and activities in an urban population

    Contributor(s):: Bjerke, T., Ostdahl, T.

    We surveyed residents' attitudes toward common urban animals and their participation in animal-oriented activities in the city of Trondheim, Norway. The results show that people most like small birds, squirrels, butterflies, hedgehogs, ducks, geese and dogs, and dislike bats, snails, invertebrate...

  7. Anthropomorphic interpretations and ethological descriptions of dog and cat behavior by lay people

    Contributor(s):: Bahlig-Pieren, Z., Turner, D. C.

    Unlike ethologists and veterinarians, lay people supposedly use their own unstructured observations to interpret their companion animals' behavior, often in anthropomorphic terms. Recently, anthropomorphism has evoked new interest amongst scientists as a result of provocative publications...

  8. Assistance dog placement in the pediatric population: benefits, risks, and recommendations for future application

    Contributor(s):: Davis, B. W., Nattrass, K., O'Brien, S., Patronek, G., MacCollin, M.

    Assistance animals have long been recognized for their value in enhancing the lives of adults with disabilities by increasing the physical independence, confidence, and social lives of their handlers. Recently, this concept has been applied to the growing population of children with physical...

  9. Behavioural effects of the presence of a dog in a classroom

    Contributor(s):: Kotrschal, K., Ortbauer, B.

    To test the idea that dogs have a positive influence on the social behaviour of school children, one of three dogs was introduced alternately into a class at an elementary school in Vienna, attended by 24 children (mean age: 6.7 years). Most of the 14 boys and ten girls came from first-generation...

  10. Can a week of therapeutic riding make a difference? - A pilot study

    Contributor(s):: Kaiser, L., Spence, L. J., Lavergne, A. G., Bosch, K. L. vanden

    The objective of this research was to determine the effect of a five-day therapeutic riding day camp on children's anger, quality of life and perceived self-competence. Our study sample involved 16 able-bodied individuals (11+or-4.4. years) with no known physical or psychological disability, and...

  11. Cooperative fishing interactions between Aboriginal Australians and dolphins in eastern Australia

    Contributor(s):: Neil, D. T.

    Published eyewitness accounts and stories from Aboriginal Australians are used to provide an overview of the geographical extent and characteristics of cooperative fishing between Aboriginal Australians and dolphins in eastern Australia. These sources indicate that cooperative fishing was...

  12. Dog ownership in the West Indies: a case study from The Bahamas

    Contributor(s):: Fielding, W. J., Mather, J.

    Results from several studies in The Bahamas, which included 511 interviews with residents and data on 776 dogs, are reported. The composition and characteristics of the dog population are described. The majority of dogs, both owned and unowned, are local mongrels called "potcakes." The median age...

  13. Effects of a pet visitation program on the behavior and emotional state of adjudicated female adolescents

    Contributor(s):: Conniff, K. M., Scarlett, J. M., Goodman, S., Appel, L. D.

    This study was designed to assess the impact of an ongoing pet visitation program on the behavior and emotional state of adjudicated female adolescents at a medium secure residential facility over an eight-week period. To our knowledge, this study is the first randomized trial with a...

  14. Elephants in ancient Egypt and Nubia

    Contributor(s):: Lobban, R. A., Jr., Liedekerke, V. de

    This article examines the presence of elephants in civilizations of the ancient Nile valley, where they were hunted and distributed to Egypt and to the Classical Greco-Roman world for ivory, amusement, and military purposes. The full study of elephants requires diverse multi-disciplinary research...

  15. Family traditions for mahouts of Asian elephants

    Contributor(s):: Hart, L., Sundar

    The mahout and elephant relationship is one of the oldest human-animal relationships, possibly beginning as far back as 5,000 years ago. Valued for their assistance in war and work, elephants were trained and managed using methods described in ancient Indian texts. The lifelong job of mahouts...

  16. Fear of dogs in a community sample: effects of age, gender and prior experience of canine aggression

    Contributor(s):: Boyd, C. M., Fotheringham, B., Litchfield, C., McBryde, I., Metzer, J. C., Scanlon, P., Somers, R., Winefield, A. H.

    An investigation was conducted into human fear of dogs and experiences of canine aggression in an adult community sample (n=292). Consistent with expectations, it was found that, while fear of dogs was relatively common (present in almost half the respondents), fear of dog attacks was less so,...

  17. How depressive moods affect the behavior of singly living persons toward their cats

    Contributor(s):: Rieger, G., Turner, D. C.

    This study investigated how depressive feelings affect the behavior of singly living persons toward their cats. Data from 47 women and 49 men, who were visited at home for one two-hour observation session, were used for the analyses. Just prior to and after the observations, participants filled...

  18. Human peak experience triggered by encounters with cetaceans

    Contributor(s):: DeMares, R.

    Although wild animals are listed in the literature of the humanistic sciences as a known peak trigger, this phenomenon has not until now been formally explored. In investigating peak experience from the perspective of the human-animal connection, the present study focuses on spontaneous...

  19. Impact of different groups of swimmers on dolphins in swim-with-the-dolphin programs in two settings

    Contributor(s):: Brensing, K., Linke, K., Busch, M., Matthes, I., Woude, S. E. van der

    In recent years, dolphin-assisted therapy has become very popular, and an increasing number of facilities worldwide are offering therapy programs that incorporate dolphins. We observed 83 sessions with five dolphins at "Dolphins Plus," USA, and 37 sessions with 13 dolphins at "Dolphin Reef."...

  20. Normalizing passive cruelty: the excuses and justifications of animal hoarders

    Contributor(s):: Vaca-Guzman, M., Arluke, A.

    Press reports frequently characterize animal hoarders as bad, mad, or sad people. This descriptive study identifies the accounts hoarders use to neutralize these negative portrayals. A total of 163 articles representing 118 hoarding cases between 2000 to 20003 were content-analyzed. Findings...