Bibliographic Essay: The History of Human-Animal Relations
| Contributor(s):: J. Wendel Cox
Animals are everywhere. Whether as pets, pests, sources of food, fuel, or materials for manufacture, means of traction or source of motive power, or objects of veneration and fear and wonder, animals have been our counterparts throughout human history. In recent years, a historical literature...
We Don’t Train in Vain: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Human and Canine Caregiver Training
| Contributor(s):: Pfaller-Sadovsky, Nicole, Medina, Lucia, Dillenburger, Karola, Hurtado-Parrado, Camilo
The present review assessed the current knowledge regarding caregiver- training effectiveness for human and human-canine dyads. Most canine-related sources (66%; n = 19) were case studies reporting a decrease of learner undesired behavior when using oral instruction (21%; n = 6). Most...
Horse Matters: Re‐examining Sustainability through Human‐Domestic Animal Relationships
| Contributor(s):: Wadham, Helen
Association between Attitude and Empathy with the Quality of Human-Livestock Interactions
| Contributor(s):: Leon, A. F., Sanchez, J. A., Romero, M. H.
Validity aspects of behavioural measures to assess cows’ responsiveness towards humans
| Contributor(s):: Schmitz, Laura, Ebinghaus, Asja, Ivemeyer, Silvia, Domas, Leonie, Knierim, Ute
Different measures reflecting the cows’ behavioural responses towards humans are used for the assessment of the human–animal relationship (HAR). Besides the established avoidance distance (AD), different handling tests, such as the tolerance to tactile interaction (TTI), release behaviour after...
Effects of a temporary period on pasture on the welfare state of horses housed in individual boxes
| Contributor(s):: Ruet, Alice, Arnould, Cécile, Levray, Justine, Lemarchand, Julie, Mach, Núria, Moisan, Marie-Pierre, Foury, Aline, Briant, Christine, Lansade, Léa
Domesticated horses mainly live in individual boxes, a housing system reported as compromising animal welfare. A common practice in riding schools involves offering a temporary period on pasture with conspecifics to alleviate the impact of long-term deprivation triggered by boxes. The aim of this...
Animal geographies I: Hearing the cry and extending beyond
| Contributor(s):: Gibbs, Leah M.
Keeping Lily Safe: An Autoethnographic Exploration of Human–Animal Attachment during Adversity
| Contributor(s):: Catherine Lee
This article is an autoethnographic examination of my experiences as a pet owner during a particularly challenging time in my life. Beginning with a summary of a critical incident, it shows the way in which fears for the safety of my pet cat, Lily, and my relationship with her impacted my...
Stakeholder Perceptions of the Challenges to Racehorse Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Deborah Butler, Mathilde Valenchon, Rachel Annan, Helen R. Whay, Siobhan Mullan
The purpose of this paper is to highlight some of the key challenges to racehorse welfare as perceived by racing industry stakeholders. The paper draws upon statements and transcripts from 10 focus group discussions with 42 participants who were taking part in a larger study investigating...
The State of Research on Human–Animal Relations: Implications for Human Health
| Contributor(s):: Deborah L. Wells
Since the late 1970s, scientific evidence has accumulated showing that pet ownership can have positive effects on people’s physical and mental wellbeing. This paper reviews the current state of affairs regarding the relationship between companion animals and human health, focusing on both...
A One Health Research Framework for Animal-Assisted Interventions
| Contributor(s):: Karin Hediger, Andrea Meisser, Jakob Zinsstag
Background: The integration of animals into healthcare, referred to as animal-assisted intervention, is a rapidly growing research field and was previously related to One Health. However, the assessment of synergistic effects of animal-assisted interventions (AAI) has been poorly addressed to...
A Longitudinal Study of Decision Making in the Process of Acquiring a Dog
| Contributor(s):: Vink, Lonneke M., Dijkstra, Arie, Epstude, Kai
To prevent potential problems in the relationship between people and their dogs, it is important to engage in a thoughtful decision-making process with regard to acquiring a dog. To map the most important elements in the decision-making process, a social cognitive model was applied using seven...
Psychological Mechanisms Predicting Wellbeing in Pet Owners: Rogers’ Core Conditions versus Bowlby’s Attachment
| Contributor(s):: Teo, Jillian Terese, Thomas, Susan J.
While pet ownership may confer physical and psychological health benefits, existing research presents inconsistent findings, and the psychological mechanisms through which health benefits might be conferred are unknown. Exploring human–pet relationships from the perspectives of Bowlby’s...
Measuring the Strength of Human–Animal Bonds in Zoos
| Contributor(s):: Hosey, Geoff, Birke, Lynda, Shaw, Wendy S., Melfi, Vicky
Repeated interactions within individual human and animal dyads can lead to the establishment of human–animal relationships (HARs), which may vary in quality from good to bad, defined in terms of the positivity (e.g., friendly contact, play) or negativity (e.g., aggression) of the interactions on...
The Effects of Touching and Stroking a Cat on the Inferior Frontal Gyrus in People
| Contributor(s):: Kobayashi, Ai, Yamaguchi, Yusuke, Ohtani, Nobuyo, Ohta, Mitsuaki
Our study evaluated the effects on the prefrontal cortex, especially the inferior frontal gyrus (IFG), of people when touching and stroking a real or soft toy cat, using functional near infrared spectroscopy. Thirty under-graduate students (10 males, 20 females) were recruited and performed three...
Children Love Their Pets: Do Relationships between Children and Pets Co-vary with Taxonomic Order, Gender, and Age?
| Contributor(s):: Hirschenhauser, Katharina, Meichel, Yasmine, Schmalzer, Sabrina, Beetz, Andrea M.
Generally, children love their pets. However, a deeper insight into the beneficial effects of pets on the physical, psychological, and social wellbeing and development of children is needed. This study investigated whether children have more intense relationships with animals which are...
Empathy-Related Ratings to Still Images of Human and Nonhuman Animal Groups in Negative Contexts Graded for Phylogenetic Similarity
| Contributor(s):: Ingham, H. Rae Westbury, Neumann, David L., Waters, Allison M.
Research using film stimuli has shown that the strength of empathy-related responses toward nonhuman animals is related to the amount of phylogenetic similarity of the animals to humans. The present study aimed to develop and validate a new set of still images depicting humans and nonhuman...
Exploring Synchronicity in the Heart Rates of Familiar and Unfamiliar Pairs of Horses and Humans Undertaking an In-Hand Task
| Contributor(s):: Hockenhull, Jo, Young, Tamsin J., Redgate, Sarah E., Birke, Lynda
Physiological responses that occur in horses and humans during their interactions, on the ground and during ridden work, have been investigated in a number of studies with some conflicting results. These suggest that in some situations emotional state may be transferred from humans to horses and...
Using qualitative behaviour assessment to explore the link between stockperson behaviour and dairy calf behaviour
| Contributor(s):: Ellingsen, Kristian, Coleman, Grahame J., Lund, Vonne, Mejdell, Cecilie M.
Dairy farming usually implies close and frequent contact between the stockperson and the animals. A good human–animal relationship (HAR) is therefore essential for good animal welfare. To fully understand the quality of the HAR both the stockperson behaviour and the animals’ reaction to the...
Influence of gentle touching applied few weeks before slaughter on avoidance distance and slaughter stress in finishing cattle
| Contributor(s):: Probst, Johanna K., Hillmann, Edna, Leiber, Florian, Kreuzer, Michael, Spengler Neff, Anet
The present study investigated the effect of gentle touching applied during the last 5 weeks before slaughter in finishing cattle on behaviour towards humans, stress indicators and beef quality. Three experiments were carried out. Experiments 1, 2 and 3 employed eight Limousin crossbred bulls,...