Separation distress in artificially-reared lambs depends on human presence and the number of conspecifics
Contributor(s):: Rault, Jean-Loup, Boissy, Alain, Boivin, Xavier
The way animals perceive partners, including humans, is yet relatively unknown. Research has shown that humans can provide social support or act as social substitute for domestic animals. Nonetheless, studies investigating the perception of humans by domestic animals in their social environment,...
Risk factors for the development of behavior problems in a population of Iranian domestic dogs: Results of a pilot survey
Contributor(s):: Khoshnegah, Javad, Azizzadeh, Mohammad, Mahmoodi Gharaie, Afarin
Prevalence and risk factors of behavior problems observed in dogs presented to the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran, were evaluated using a survey of canine behavior problems. Information was collected from 368 successfully completed questionnaires on...
The potential of the human–animal relationship as an environmental enrichment for the welfare of zoo-housed animals
Contributor(s):: Claxton, Anna M.
Environmental enrichment strategies are used to improve both the physiological and psychological welfare of captive animals, which can be achieved by increasing the expression of natural behaviour and decreasing abnormal behaviours. Examples of successful environmental enrichment include the...
Long-term stability of Avoidance Distance tests for on-farm assessment of dairy cow relationship to humans in alpine traditional husbandry systems
Contributor(s):: Battini, Monica, Andreoli, Elena, Barbieri, Sara, Mattiello, Silvana
The present study investigates the long-term stability of two behaviour tests used to evaluate the human–animal relationship as well as gather information to refine on-farm welfare assessment protocols in alpine husbandry systems. Two tests, Avoidance Distance (AD) and Avoidance Distance at the...
Is the avoidance distance test for the assessment of animals’ responsiveness to humans influenced by either the dominant or flightiest animal in the group?
Contributor(s):: Mazurek, Mickael, McGee, Mark, Minchin, William, Crowe, Mark A., Earley, Bernadette
A previously described (Windschnurer et al., 2009) avoidance distance test was used to assess animals’ fear of humans in order to quantify the human–animal relationship (HAR). This study investigated the influence of the dominant and flightiest animals within a group on the responsiveness of...
Gentle touching in early life reduces avoidance distance and slaughter stress in beef cattle
Contributor(s):: Probst, Johanna K., Spengler Neff, Anet, Leiber, Florian, Kreuzer, Michael, Hillmann, Edna
This study investigated the effect of gentle touching applied during the early life of suckler beef calves on avoidance distance on-farm and stress reactions at the abattoir. Twenty-seven Limousin crossbred calves were assigned to a treatment (n=13) or a control group (n=14) balanced by sex and...
Development of approach and handling tests for the assessment of reactivity to humans of sows housed in stall or in group
Contributor(s):: Clouard, Caroline, Meunier-Salaün, Marie-Christine, Devillers, Nicolas
The aim of the present study was to develop reliable and easy-to-use tests for on-farm assessment of sow reactivity to human in different housing systems. A total of 123 gestating sows at different parities and stages of pregnancy were successively subjected to two tests according to their...
Co-variations between perceived personality traits and quality of the interaction between female riders and horses
Contributor(s):: Wolframm, Inga Astrid, Meulenbroek, Ruud Gerardus Johannes
The current study seeks to investigate the relationship between perceived equine and rider personality traits on the one hand and quality of horse–rider relationships on the other. An Internet questionnaire examined the self-perceived personality traits of 2525 horse–female rider dyads that...
Behavioral assessment and owner perceptions of behaviors associated with guilt in dogs
Contributor(s):: Hecht, Julie, Miklósi, Ádám, Gácsi, Márta
Dog owners ascribe guilt to dogs, and we explored this attribution with pet dogs and their owners using a questionnaire and experiment. The questionnaire found that the majority of owners perceive dog behavior as guilty in certain situations and believe that dogs know when they have committed a...
The Human-Animal Relationship in Australian Caged Laying Hens
| Contributor(s):: Lauren E. Edwards, Grahame J. Coleman, Kym L. Butler, Paul H. Hemsworth
Studies on farm animals have shown relationships between stockperson attitudes and behaviour and farm animal fear, stress and productivity. This study investigated how the avoidance behaviour of Australian commercial caged laying hens may be related to stockperson behaviour, albumen...
Horses feel emotions when they watch positive and negative horse–human interactions in a video and transpose what they saw to real life
| Contributor(s):: Trösch, Miléna, Pellon, Sophie, Cuzol, Florent, Parias, Céline, Nowak, Raymond, Calandreau, Ludovic, Lansade, Léa
AbstractAnimals can indirectly gather meaningful information about other individuals by eavesdropping on their third-party interactions. In particular, eavesdropping can be used to indirectly attribute a negative or positive valence to an individual and to adjust one’s future behavior towards...
An evolutionary point of view of animal ethics
| Contributor(s):: Criscuolo, François, Sueur, Cédric
The observation that animals may respond to the emotional states of conspecific or even heterospecific individuals is not new. After more than one century, the need to define what exactly non-human animals are able to feel and—from this starting point—rethink the legal status and place of animals...
Salivary oxytocin in pigs, cattle, and goats during positive human-animal interactions
| Contributor(s):: Lurzel, S., Buckendorf, L., Waiblinger, S., Rault, J. L.
The Frequencies of Immunosuppressive Cells in Adipose Tissue Differ in Human, Non-human Primate, and Mouse Models
| Contributor(s):: Laparra, A., Tricot, S., Le Van, M., Damouche, A., Gorwood, J., Vaslin, B., Favier, B., Benoist, S., Ho Tsong Fang, R., Bosquet, N., Le Grand, R., Chapon, C., Lambotte, O., Bourgeois, C.
And in the Middle of My Chaos There Was You?-Dog Companionship and Its Impact on the Assessment of Stressful Situations
| Contributor(s):: Krouzecky, C., Emmett, L., Klaps, A., Aden, J., Bunina, A., Stetina, B. U.
Is there a Profile of Spontaneous Seizure-Alert Pet Dogs? A Survey of French People with Epilepsy
| Contributor(s):: Catala, A., Latour, P., Cousillas, H., Hausberger, M., Grandgeorge, M.
Despite controversies and the lack of research, dogs are empirically selected and trained to perform as service dogs, in relation to the dogs’ and future owners’ characteristics. We assessed the characteristics of both humans and dogs in an unbiased population (not selected or...
Broadcasting human voice to piglets (sus scrofa domestica) modifies their behavioural reaction to human presence in the home pen and in arena tests
| Contributor(s):: Bensoussan, Sandy, Tigeot, Raphaëlle, Meunier-Salaün, Marie-Christine, Tallet, Céline
A One Health Research Framework for Animal-Assisted Interventions
| Contributor(s):: Hediger, K., Meisser, A., Zinsstag, J.
On the Origins of Animalist Marxism: Rereading Ted Benton and the Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844
| Contributor(s):: Stache, Christian
Naturecultures and the affective (dis)entanglements of happy meat
| Contributor(s):: Bruckner, Heide K., Colombino, Annalisa, Ermann, Ulrich